Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-068: Cumulative Patch for Internet Explorer (324929)

2002-12-09T00:00:00
ID SECURITYVULNS:DOC:3839
Type securityvulns
Reporter Securityvulns
Modified 2002-12-09T00:00:00

Description

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Title: Cumulative Patch for Internet Explorer (324929) Released: 04 December 2002 Revised: 06 December 2002 (version 2.0) Software: Microsoft(r) Internet Explorer Impact: Allow an attacker to execute commands on a user's system. Max Risk: Critical Bulletin: MS02-068

Microsoft encourages customers to review the Security Bulletins at: http://www.microsoft.com/security/security_bulletins/ms02-068.asp http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS02-068.asp.


Reason for Revision:

This is an updated bulletin describing a cumulative patch for Internet Explorer 5.5 and 6.0. The original patch released on December 4, 2002 is unchanged. However since releasing the patch, Microsoft has received a report suggesting that the vulnerability addressed by this bulletin could be exploited to run arbitrary code on a user's machine. Microsoft investigated that report, and was able to develop a demonstration that exploits the vulnerability to run arbitrary code. We have released this updated bulletin to advise customers of our new assessment of the potential impact of the vulnerability, and of its updated severity rating.

Issue:

This is an updated bulletin describing a cumulative patch for Internet Explorer 5.5 and 6.0. The original patch is unchanged and, in addition to including the functionality of all previously released patches for Internet Explorer 5.5 and 6.0, eliminates one additional flaw in Internet Explorer's cross-domain security model. This flaw occurs because the security checks that Internet Explorer carries out when particular object caching techniques are used in web pages are incomplete. This could have the effect of allowing an attacker to execute commands on a user's system.

Exploiting the vulnerability could enable an attacker to invoke an executable that was already present on the local system. It could also allow an attacker to load a malicious executable onto a user's system, or to pass parameters to an executable. However, a registry key setting discussed in Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 810687 disables shortcuts in HTML Help, which significantly reduces the scope of this vulnerability as it removes the ability to load a malicious executable on a user's system or to pass parameters to an executable.

An attacker could exploit the vulnerability by constructing a web page that uses a cached programming technique, and could then either host it on a web site or send it to a user via email. In the case of the web-based attack vector the page could be automatically opened when a user visited the site. In the case of the HTML mail- based attack vector, the page could be opened when the recipient opened the mail or viewed it using the Preview pane.

On December 4, 2002, Microsoft released the original version of this bulletin. Subsequent to that time, Microsoft received a report suggesting that the vulnerability addressed by this bulletin could be exploited to run arbitrary code on a user's machine. Microsoft investigated that report, and was able to develop a demonstration that exploits the vulnerability to run arbitrary code. We have released this updated bulletin to advise customers of our new assessment of the potential impact of the vulnerability, and of its updated severity rating.

The original patch released with this bulletin was and is effective in preventing exploitation of the vulnerability. It is also effective in eliminating all vulnerabilities addressed by prior bulletins that could allow a malicious party to run code on the machine of a user who visited a hostile web site or opened a malicious HTML email message. Microsoft strongly urges all customers to install the patch.

Mitigating Factors:

  • -Internet Explorer 5.01 is not affected by this vulnerability.
  • -The web-based attack scenario would provide no way for the attacker to force users to visit the site. Instead, the attacker would need to lure them there, typically by getting them to click on a link that would take them to the attacker's site.
  • -The HTML mail-based attack scenario would be blocked by Outlook Express 6.0 and Outlook 2002 in their default configurations, and by Outlook 98 and 2000 if used in conjunction with the Outlook Email Security Update.
  • -If the steps described in Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 810687 have been taken to restrict shortcuts in HTML Help, then the following mitigating factors apply: -The vulnerability would allow an attacker to read but not add, delete or modify files on the user's local system. -The attacker would need to know the name and location of any file on the system to successfully invoke it. If invoked, there would be no way for an attacker to pass parameters to that executable. -The vulnerability would not provide any way for an attacker to put a program of their choice onto another user's system.

Risk Rating:

Critical

Patch Availability:

  • A patch is available to fix this vulnerability. Please read the Security Bulletin at http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms02-068.asp for information on obtaining this patch.

THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE MICROSOFT KNOWLEDGE BASE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. MICROSOFT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES SO THE FOREGOING LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY.

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