Security Bulletin MS02-043: Cumulative Patch for SQL Server (Q316333)

2002-08-16T00:00:00
ID SECURITYVULNS:DOC:3371
Type securityvulns
Reporter Securityvulns
Modified 2002-08-16T00:00:00

Description


Title: Cumulative Patch for SQL Server (Q316333) Date: 14 August, 2002 Software: Microsoft SQL Server Impact: Elevation of privilege Max Risk: Moderate Bulletin: MS02-043

Microsoft encourages customers to review the Security Bulletin at: http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bull etin/MS02-043.asp .

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Issue:

This is a cumulative patch that includes the functionality of all previously released patches for SQL Server 7.0 and SQL Server 2000. In addition, it eliminates a newly discovered vulnerability.

SQL Server 7.0 and SQL Server 2000 provide for extended stored procedures, which are external routines written in programming languages such as C or C#.

These procedures appear as normal stored procedures to users and can be invoked and executed just like normal stored procedures. By default, SQL Server 7.0 and SQL Server 2000 ship with a number of extended stored procedures which are used for various helper functions.

Some of the Microsoft-provided extended stored procedures that have the ability to reconnect to the database as the SQL Server service account have a flaw in common - namely, they have weak permissions that can allow nonprivileged users to execute them. Because these extended stored procedures can be made to run with administrator privileges on the database, it is thus possible for a nonprivileged user to run stored procedures on the database with administrator privileges.

An attacker could exploit this vulnerability in one of two ways. The attacker could attempt to load and execute a database query that calls one of the affected extended store procedures. Alternately, if a web-site or other database front-end were configured to access and process arbitrary queries, it could be possible for the attacker to provide inputs that would cause the query to call one of the functions in question with the appropriate malformed parameters.

Mitigating Factors:

    • The effect of exploiting the vulnerability would depend on the specific configuration of the SQL Server service. SQL Server can be configured to run in a security context chosen by the administrator. By default, this context is as a domain user. If the rule of least privilege has been followed, it would minimize the amount of damage an attacker could achieve.
    • The vector for exploiting this vulnerability could be blocked by following best practices. Specifically, untrusted users should not be able to load and execute queries of their choice on a database server. In addition, publicly accessible database queries should filter all inputs prior to processing.

Risk Rating:

    • Internet systems: Moderate
    • Intranet systems: Moderate
    • Client systems: Moderate

Patch Availability:

    • A patch is available to fix this vulnerability. Please read the Security Bulletin at:

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bull etin/ms02-043.asp for information on obtaining this patch.

Acknowledgment:

    • David Litchfield of Next Generation Security Software Ltd. for reporting these issues.
    • Chip Andrews of www.sqlsecurity.com and Timothy Mullen for reporting additional information on these issues.
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