CVE-2014-2845 - Cyberduck (Windows): Failure validating some certificates (using FTP-SSL) with untrusted root certificate authority

Type securityvulns
Reporter Securityvulns
Modified 2014-05-07T00:00:00



Advisory ID: SYSS-2014-004 Product: Cyberduck Affected Version(s): 4.4.3 (14140) (Windows only) Not Affected Versions(s): 4.4.3 (14140) and 4.2.1 (9350) (both OS X 10.9.2) Tested Version(s): 4.4.3 (Windows 7 32 bit and Windows 8.1 64 bit) Vulnerability Type: X.509 validation Risk Level: Medium Solution Status: Fixed Vendor Notification: 2014-04-08 Solution Date: 2014-04-10 Public Disclosure: 2014-05-06 CVE Reference: CVE-2014-2845 Author of Advisory: Micha Borrmann (SySS GmbH)

Overview: Cyberduck (Windows versions only) accepts X.509 server certificate from any CA, also if they are not in the certificate store and not sent from the FTP server; only self-signed certificates are not accepted.

Vulnerability Details: A user can not recognize an easy to perform man-in-the-middle attack, because the client does not validate the certificate chain of the servers X.509 certificate. In a networking environment that is not trustworthy, like a wifi network, using FTP AUTH TLS with Cyberduck the servers identity can not be trusted.

Proof of Concept (PoC): With OpenSSL generate a key for a CA and for the server and create the certificates:

openssl genrsa -out ca4096.key 4096 openssl genrsa -out 2048.key 2048 chmod 400 *.key mkdir demoCA mkdir demoCA/newcerts touch demoCA/index.txt echo ffaabb > demoCA/serial openssl req -key ca4096.key -out ca4096.crt -new -x509 -subj "/C=DE/ST=BW/L=/O=SYSS/OU=/CN=CA" -days 3652 openssl req -key 2048.key -out 2048.csr -new -subj "/C=DE/ST=BW/L=/O=SYSS/OU=/" -days 365 openssl ca -keyfile ca4096.key -cert ca4096.crt -in 2048.csr -out 2048.crt -days 365

Put the key (2048.key) and the X.509 certificate (2048.crt) to a ProFTP server and modify the configuration

<IfModule mod_tls.c> TLSEngine on TLSLog /var/log/proftpd/tls.log TLSProtocol SSLv23 TLSRSACertificateFile /etc/ssl/2048.crt TLSRSACertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/2048.key TLSVerifyClient off TLSRequired on </IfModule>

Perform a DNS spoofing for and use Cyberduck to access this system with FTP-SSL (Explicit AUTH TLS).

Solution: Upgrade to Cyberduck 4.4.4

Disclosure Timeline:

April 08, 2014 - Vulnerability discovered April 08, 2014 - Vulnerability reported to vendor April 08, 2014 - First Vendor response April 10, 2014 - Bug was confirmed and fixed by the vendor April 10, 2014 - Bugfix could be confirmed with Cyberduck 4.4.4 (14478) April 24, 2014 - Cyberduck 4.4.4 (14505) was released [1]

References: [1]

Credits: Security vulnerability found by Micha Borrmann of the SySS GmbH.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this security advisory is provided "as is" and without warranty of any kind. Details of this security advisory may be updated in order to provide as accurate information as possible. The latest version of this security advisory is available on the SySS web site.

Copyright: Creative Commons - Attribution (by) - Version 3.0 URL:


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