Secure Network - Security Research Advisory
Vuln name: ToutVirtual VirtualIQ Pro Multiple Vulnerabilities Systems affected: ToutVirtual VirtualIQ Professional 3.2 build 7882 Systems not affected: -- Severity: High Local/Remote: Remote Vendor URL: http://www.toutvirtual.com Author(s): Alberto Trivero (email@example.com) Claudio Criscione (firstname.lastname@example.org) Vendor disclosure: 02/07/2009 Vendor acknowledged: 16/07/2009 Vendor patch release: notified us on 06/11/2009 Public disclosure: 07/11/2009 Advisory number: SN-2009-02 Advisory URL: http://www.securenetwork.it/advisories/sn-2009-02.txt
ToutVirtual's VirtualIQ Pro is specifically designed for IT administrators responsible for managing virtual platforms. VirtualIQ Pro provides Visibility, Analytics and policy-based Optimization - all from one single console. VirtualIQ Pro is hypervisor-agnostic supporting both Type I and Type II hypervisors. VirtualIQ Pro can be used to visualize, analyze and optimize your choice of virtualization platform - Citrix, Microsoft, Novell, Oracle and/or VMware.
Multiple vulnerabilities has been found which a allow an attacker to conduct various XSS and CSRF attack, and other attacks due to the use of an old an not hardened version of the web server.
(a) Cross-site scripting (XSS)
Due to an improper sanitization of user's input, multiple XSS attacks (reflective and stored) are possible. Reflective PoCs:
Stored XSS attacks can be triggered in the "Middle Name" parameter in the "Edit Profile" page with an HTTP request like the following:
POST /tvserver/user/user.do?command=save&userId=1 HTTP/1.1 Host: server:9080 Cookies: JSESSIONID=[...]
(b) Cross-site request forgery (CSRF)
An attacker can perform different types of CSRF attacks against a logged user. He can, for example, shutdown, start or restart an arbitrary virtual machine, schedule new activities and so on.
The following HTTP request, if forged by the attacker and executed by the victim while logged on VirtualIQ, creates an arbitrary user:
POST /tvserver/user/user.do?command=save&userId= HTTP/1.1 Host: server:9080 Cookie: JSESSIONID=[...]
(c) Web server vulnerabilities
VirtualIQ runs on top of an old version of Apache Tomcat: 5.5.9, for which multiple public vulnerabilities have been released. As a PoC, a directory traversal attack (CVE-2008-2938) can be performed as:
Listing of an arbitrary directory (CVE-2006-3835) can also be obtained with the following PoC:
(d) Information Leakage
Tomcat status page should be disabled or restricted, being accessible at:
Username and password to access a VM through SSH are also available in clear text in the configuration page. Since an XSS vulnerability can also be triggered in the same page, an attacker would also be able to easily capture the full credentials to access the VM with a specially crafted XSS payload.
(e) Remote code execution
JBoss JMX Management Console is exposed and can be used by remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands on the system:
JBoss Web Console is exposed as well and can be used by remote attackers to execute any command on the system:
Attackers may exploit these issues through a common browser as explained above.
Upgrade to the latest version, at the moment 3.5 build 10.14.2009
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-- Claudio Criscione
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