Netgear DG632 Router Authentication Bypass Vulnerability


Product Name: Netgear DG632 Router Vendor: http://www.netgear.com Date: 15 June, 2009 Author: tom@tomneaves.co.uk <tom@tomneaves.co.uk> Original URL: http://www.tomneaves.co.uk/Netgear_DG632_Authentication_Bypass.txt Discovered: 18 November, 2006 Disclosed: 15 June, 2009 I. DESCRIPTION The Netgear DG632 router has a web interface which runs on port 80. This allows an admin to login and administer the device's settings. Authentication of this web interface is handled by a script called "webcm" residing in "/cgi-bin/" which redirects to the relevant pages depending on successful user authentication. Vulnerabilities in this interface enable an attacker to access files and data without authentication. II. DETAILS The "webcm" script handles user authentication and attempts to load "indextop.htm" (via javascript below). The "indextop.htm" page requires authentication (HTTP Basic Authorization). --- <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript"> function loadnext() { //document.forms[0].target.value="top"; document.forms[0].submit(); //top.location.href="../cgi-bin/webcm?nextpage=../html/indextop.htm"; }</script></head> <body bgcolor="#ffffff" onload="loadnext()" > Loading file ... <form method="POST" action="../cgi-bin/webcm" id="uiPostForm"> <input type="hidden" name="nextpage" value="../html/indextop.htm" id="uiGetNext"> </form> --- If a valid password to the default "admin" user is supplied, the script then continues to load the "indextop.htm" page and continues to load the other frames based on a hidden field. If user authentication is unsuccessful, the user is returned back to "../cgi-bin/webcm". It is possible to bypass the "webcm" script and access specific files directly without the need for authentication. Normal use: http://TARGET_IP/cgi-bin/webcm?nextpage=../html/stattbl.htm This would ask for the user to authenticate and would refuse access to this file if authentication details were not known. All the script is doing is making sure authentication is forced upon the user. The same "stattbl.htm" file can be accessed without having to provide any authentication using the following URL: http://TARGET_IP/html/stattbl.htm Another example: (returns 401 - Forbidden) Bypassing the "webcm" script: (returns 200 - OK) In the example above (modemmenu.htm), the full source can be viewed which discloses further directories and files within the javascript of the page. A sample of files disclosed within modemmenu.htm and available to download are: /html/onload.htm /html/form.css /gateway/commands/saveconfig.html /html/utility.js (full source) There are many other files that are accessible by calling them directly instead of going via the "webcm" script, the above are just a sample. In addition, it is possible to specify paths to the "webcm" script as shown below: http://TARGET_IP/cgi-bin/webcm?nextpage=../../ This allows an attacker to enumerate what files and directories exist within the www root directory and beyond by using 200, 403 and 404 errors as a guide. Affected Versions: Firmware V3.4.0_ap (others unknown) III. VENDOR RESPONSE 12 June, 2009 - Contacted vendor. 15 June, 2009 - Vendor responded. Stated the DG632 is an end of life product and is no longer supported in a production and development sense, as such, there will be no further firmware releases to resolve this issue. IV. CREDIT Discovered by Tom Neaves