The 'sudo' package can be built to use Kerberos 5 for authentication of users. When a user is properly authenticated to sudo, sudo grants that user (potentially limited) root privileges. Thus a mistake in the authentication code in sudo is potentially severe: it can lead to a local root compromise.
To authenticate a user's password against a Kerberos server, it is necessary to perform two steps:
1) Use the user's password to get a ticket from the KDC (Kerberos server). This proves that the user entered a password satisfactory to the KDC, and returns a "ticket" to the application.
2) Use the returned ticket to request access to a local service from the KDC, and confirm that the ticket for that service returned by the KDC is correct. If this step is not performed, it is not possible to distinguish a response from a fake KDC that simply says "yes" to all requests from a response from the real KDC.
Widely distributed software using Kerberos for password authentication (e.g. the original Merit RADIUS server code, as I disclosed in the mid 1990s) has had a long and ugly history of failing to perform the second step, usually because its authors didn't understand that it was necessary.
But sudo has a curious bug: it tries to do the second step, but if that step fails because no local service keys are known, it lets the user become root anyway, because the (potentially fake) Kerberos server said so. For example, on a host without a "keytab" file:
$ sudo /bin/sh Password for tls@EXAMPLE.ORG: sudo: kerb5: host service key not found: Unknown error -1765328203
Needless to say, this should be fixed. Simply adding local keytabs with service keys for every host that has a kerberos-enabled sudo looks, from a cursory inspection of the code in auth/kerb5.c in the latest sudo distribution (1.6.8pl12) like it will suffice: the other errors appear to be correctly handled. But woe betide any system administrator who accidentally puts a Kerberos-enabled sudo on a host that's configured as a Kerberos client only!
Or, apply this patch:
kerb5-vulnerable.c Thu Jun 7 01:50:08 2007 --- kerb5.c Thu Jun 7 01:51:06 2007 ** 274,280 *** log_error(NO_EXIT, "%s: host service key not found: %s", auth_name, error_message(error)); ! error = 0; goto cleanup; } if (keyblock) --- 274,280 ---- log_error(NO_EXIT, "%s: host service key not found: %s", auth_name, error_message(error)); ! error = -1; goto cleanup; } if (keyblock)