The Security Account Manager Remote Protocol [MS-SAMR] and the Local Security Authority (Domain Policy) Remote Protocol [MS-LSAD] are both vulnerable to man in the middle attacks. Both are application level protocols based on the generic DCE 1.1 Remote Procedure Call (DCERPC) protocol. These protocols are typically available on all Windows installations as well as every Samba server. They are used to maintain the Security Account Manager Database. This applies to all roles, e.g. standalone, domain member, domain controller. Any authenticated DCERPC connection a client initiates against a server can be used by a man in the middle to impersonate the authenticated user against the SAMR or LSAD service on the server. The client chosen application protocol, auth type (e.g. Kerberos or NTLMSSP) and auth level (NONE, CONNECT, PKT_INTEGRITY, PKT_PRIVACY) do not matter in this case. A man in the middle can change auth level to CONNECT (which means authentication without message protection) and take over the connection. As a result, a man in the middle is able to get read/write access to the Security Account Manager Database, which reveals all passwords and any other potential sensitive information. Samba running as an active directory domain controller is additionally missing checks to enforce PKT_PRIVACY for the Directory Replication Service Remote Protocol [MS-DRSR] (drsuapi) and the BackupKey Remote Protocol [MS-BKRP] (backupkey). The Domain Name Service Server Management Protocol [MS-DNSP] (dnsserver) is not enforcing at least PKT_INTEGRITY.