OpenSSL is a toolkit that implements the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL v2/v3) and Transport Layer Security (TLS v1) protocols, as well as a full-strength, general purpose cryptography library.
Multiple numeric conversion errors, leading to a buffer overflow, were found in the way OpenSSL parsed ASN.1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One) data from BIO (OpenSSL's I/O abstraction) inputs. Specially-crafted DER (Distinguished Encoding Rules) encoded data read from a file or other BIO input could cause an application using the OpenSSL library to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2012-2110)
All OpenSSL users should upgrade to these updated packages, which contain a backported patch to resolve this issue. For the update to take effect, all services linked to the OpenSSL library must be restarted, or the system rebooted.