sa2001_06.txt

2001-08-19T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:25189
Type packetstorm
Reporter nsfocus.com
Modified 2001-08-19T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `NSFOCUS Security Advisory(SA2001-06)  
  
Topic: Microsoft IIS ssinc.dll Buffer Overflow Vulnerability  
  
Release Date£º 2001-08-17  
  
CVE CAN ID : CAN-2001-0506  
BUGTRAQ ID : 3190  
  
Affected system:  
================  
  
- Microsoft IIS 4.0  
- Microsoft IIS 5.0  
  
Impact:  
=========  
  
NSFOCUS Security Team has found a buffer overflow vulnerability in a dynamic  
link library (ssinc.dll) of Microsoft IIS 4.0/5.0 when processing server side  
include files. Exploitation of it, an attacker could obtain SYSTEM privilege.  
  
Description£º  
============  
  
Microsoft IIS supports SSI (Server Side Include) function. IIS use ssinc.dll as  
a SSI interpreter. By default setting, extensions like .stm, .shtm and .shtml  
would be mapped to interpreter process (Ssinc.dll).  
  
SSI supports "#include" directive, mostly in this form:  
  
<!--#include file="Filename"-->  
  
When processing "#include" directive, ssinc.dll would check for the name of  
the directory under which the .shtml file resides, append it before the  
include file and form a new path string.  
  
For example:  
  
Create a file named "test.shtml" with the following content and save it under  
"wwwroot/abcd/":  
  
<!--#include file="ABCD"-->  
  
The new path string would be "/abcd/ABCD". Ssinc.dll would copy it to a  
buffer of 0x804(2052) bytes.  
  
When obtaining Server-side include filename from test.shtml, ssinc.dll would  
perform length check for it. In case that it is longer than 0x801 bytes,  
ssinc.dll would cut it to 0x801 bytes and append '\0' at the end. Thus, the  
include filename (including the trailing '\0') won't be longer than 0x802(2550)  
bytes.  
  
But it does not check the length of the new path string appending current  
directory name. Thus, if we set the contained filename to be a string  
longer than 0x801 bytes and save "test.shtml" under a directory (name of which  
is longer than 9 bytes), a buffer overflow would occur and overwrite the EBP  
and EIP saved in stack completely (The trailing '\0' would overwrite the first  
argument).  
  
As ssinc.dll is running in LOCAL SYSTEM context, in case that an attacker  
carefully form the overflow data, he might change the procedure flow and run  
arbitrary code with SYSTEM privilege.  
  
To launch an attack, the attacker would need the following two conditions:  
  
1. Privilege to create file or directory under Web directory.  
2. Ability to access created file through Web service.  
  
  
Exploit:  
==========  
  
1. Create a file "test.shtml" with following file content:  
  
<!--#include file="AAAA[...]AA"-->  
  
Number of 'A' should be over 2049.  
  
2. Create a directory "a" under Web directory.  
Copy "test.shtml" to "a" directory.  
  
3. Request "test.shtml" through web browser:  
http://webhost/a/test.shtml  
  
4. IIS would return a blank page which indicates that an overflow has occurred.  
Meanwhile the trailing '\0' has overwritten the last byte of saved EBP.  
  
On the contrary, in case that the contained file has a shorter name like  
'AA', IIS would return a SSI file '/a/AA' error message when receiving  
the request.  
  
  
  
Workaround:  
===================  
  
1. Disable the write access to Web directory of untrusted user.  
2. Remove .shtml, .shtm and .stm mappings if SSI service is not needed.  
  
Vendor Status:  
==============  
  
2001.6.11 We informed Microsoft of this vulnerability.  
2001.6.11 Microsoft replied that the bug has been reproduced.  
2001.8.15 Microsoft has released one security bulletin(MS01-044) concerning  
this flaw.  
  
The bulletin is live at :  
  
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS01-044.asp  
  
Patches are available at:  
  
. Microsoft IIS 4.0:  
http://www.microsoft.com/Downloads/Release.asp?ReleaseID=32061  
  
. Microsoft IIS 5.0:  
http://www.microsoft.com/Downloads/Release.asp?ReleaseID=32011  
  
Additional Information:  
========================  
  
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has  
assigned the name CAN-2001-0506 to this issue. This is a  
candidate for inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org),  
which standardizes names for security problems. Candidates  
may change significantly before they become official CVE entries.  
  
DISCLAIMS:  
==========  
THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IS RELEASED BY NSFOCUS "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY  
OF ANY KIND. NSFOCUS DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,  
EXCEPT FOR THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY. IN NO EVENTSHALL NSFOCUS  
BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING DIRECT, INDIRECT,  
INCIDENTAL,CONSEQUENTIAL, LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS OR SPECIAL DAMAGES,  
EVEN IF NSFOCUS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.  
DISTRIBUTION OR REPRODUTION OF THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED THAT THE  
ADVISORY IS NOT MODIFIED IN ANY WAY.  
  
Copyright 1999-2001 NSFOCUS. All Rights Reserved. Terms of use.  
  
  
NSFOCUS Security Team <security@nsfocus.com>  
NSFOCUS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD  
(http://www.nsfocus.com)  
`