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packetstormT. SilpavarangkuraPACKETSTORM:148954
HistoryAug 16, 2018 - 12:00 a.m.

Pimcore 5.2.3 CSRF / Cross Site Scripting / SQL Injection

2018-08-1600:00:00
T. Silpavarangkura
packetstormsecurity.com
47

EPSS

0.009

Percentile

82.9%

`SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20180813-0 >  
=======================================================================  
title: SQL Injection, XSS & CSRF vulnerabilities  
product: Pimcore  
vulnerable version: 5.2.3 and below  
fixed version: 5.3.0  
CVE number: CVE-2018-14057, CVE-2018-14058, CVE-2018-14059  
impact: High  
homepage: https://pimcore.com/en  
found: 2018-06-11  
by: T. Silpavarangkura (Office Bangkok)  
N. Rai-Ngoen (Office Bangkok)  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
  
An integrated part of SEC Consult  
Europe | Asia | North America  
  
https://www.sec-consult.com  
  
=======================================================================  
  
Vendor description:  
-------------------  
"Pimcore is an award-winning consolidated open source enterprise platform for  
master data management (PIM/MDM), user experience management (CMS/UX), digital  
asset management (DAM) and eCommerce."  
  
Source: https://pimcore.com/en  
  
  
Business recommendation:  
------------------------  
The vendor provides a patch for most identified issues, but XSS will not be fixed  
according to the vendor.  
  
An in-depth security analysis performed by security professionals is highly  
advised, as the software may be affected from further security issues.  
  
  
Vulnerability overview/description:  
-----------------------------------  
1. SQL Injection (CVE-2018-14058)  
Multiple SQL injection vulnerabilities have been identified in the REST web  
service API. An attacker who obtains a valid API key that is granted a  
necessary permission could successfully perform an attack to extract  
information from the database.  
  
2. Stored Cross-site Scripting (CVE-2018-14059)  
Multiple stored cross-site scripting vulnerabilities have been identified  
across multiple functions in the application, which allows an authenticated  
attacker to insert arbitrary JavaScript code in virtually all text fields and  
data entries in the application.  
  
3. Cross-site Request Forgery (CVE-2018-14057)  
Multiple functions in the application are not protected by the existing  
anti-CSRF token, which allows an attacker to perform a cross-site request  
forgery attack to at least add, update or delete entries, among other actions.  
  
  
Proof of concept:  
-----------------  
1. SQL Injection (CVE-2018-14058)  
The following URLs demonstrate the issue:  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/asset-count?apikey=[...]&condition=<SQL Injection>  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/asset-inquire?apikey=[...]&id=<SQL Injection>  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/asset-list?apikey=[...]&condition=<SQL Injection>  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/document-count?apikey=[...]&condition=<SQL Injection>  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/document-inquire?apikey=[...]&id=<SQL Injection>  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/document-list?apikey=[...]&condition=<SQL Injection>  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/object-count?apikey=[...]&condition=<SQL Injection>  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/object-inquire?apikey=[...]&id=<SQL Injection>  
http://<host>/webservice/rest/object-list?apikey=[...]&condition=<SQL Injection>  
  
Note that a valid API key that is granted at least either "Assets", "Documents"  
or "Objects" permission is required to perform an SQL injection attack against  
associated API endpoints successfully.  
  
  
2. Stored Cross-site Scripting (CVE-2018-14059)  
Most of the text fields in pop-up dialogs and data entries in the application  
are vulnerable to the cross-site scripting vulnerability, which can be  
exploited by an authenticated attacker. For example, the attacker could insert  
an attack payload while performing at least the following actions:  
  
1) Edit a user account's first name/last name/e-mail address.  
2) Edit a Document Types/Predefined Properties/Predefined Asset Metadata/  
Quantity Value/Static Routes entry value in the table.  
3) Rename an Assets/Data Objects/Video Thumbnails/Image Thumbnails/  
Field-Collections/Objectbrick/Classification Store item.  
  
  
The vendor stated that many identified XSS issues only affect administrative  
functions and hence the issues will not be fixed:  
"They are only affecting administrative functionalities (higher privileges  
required) - so this isn't used by non-trusted users - a check just adds  
additional overhead without any benefits for security."  
  
SEC Consult argued multiple times that XSS can still be exploited e.g. when a  
higher privileged user gets attacked and the issues should be fixed nevertheless.  
  
  
3. Cross-site Request Forgery (CVE-2018-14057)  
The existing anti-CSRF token in the HTTP request header named  
"X-pimcore-csrf-token" was found to be validated only in the "Settings >  
Users / Roles" function. Therefore, an attacker could perform a cross-site  
request forgery attack against virtually all other functions in order to  
at least add, update and delete data without having to submit the anti-CSRF  
token.  
  
The non-exhaustive list of affected requests are listed below:  
POST /admin/asset/add-asset  
POST /admin/asset/add-asset-compatibility  
GET /admin/asset/delete  
GET /admin/asset/import-server  
GET /admin/asset/import-server-files  
GET /admin/asset/import-url  
POST /admin/asset/import-zip  
POST /admin/asset/update  
GET /admin/document/add  
GET /admin/document/delete  
POST /admin/document/doc-types  
POST /admin/email/blacklist  
POST /admin/email/email-logs  
POST /admin/email/save  
POST /admin/hardlink/save  
POST /admin/link/save  
POST /admin/newsletter/save  
GET /admin/object/add  
POST /admin/object/save  
GET /admin/object/delete  
POST /admin/page/save  
POST /admin/settings/metadata  
POST /admin/settings/properties  
POST /admin/settings/set-system  
POST /admin/settings/website-settings  
POST /admin/snippet/save  
  
  
Vulnerable / tested versions:  
-----------------------------  
The vulnerabilities have been identified in Pimcore version 5.2.3 which was the  
most current version at the time of discovery.  
  
  
Vendor contact timeline:  
------------------------  
2018-06-15: Contacting vendor through  
https://pimcorehq.wufoo.com/forms/pimcore-security-report  
2018-06-18: Vendor provides the fixes of SQL injection and CSRF in the nightly  
build, but has a problem of reproducing the XSS.  
2018-06-18: Contacting vendor to request for a secure channel to provide  
further details of the XSS.  
2018-06-18: Sending the details of the XSS.  
2018-06-19: Vendor fixes the SQL injection and only fixes the XSS partially.  
2018-06-20: Notifying vendor, that SQL injection and XSS are not properly fixed  
2018-06-20: Vendor inquires more details about the XSS.  
2018-06-21: Explaining vendor the XSS issues and notifying vendor that the CSRF  
has been fixed.  
2018-06-21: Vendor will discuss the open issues internally.  
2018-07-11: Following up vendor regarding the fixes of the open issues.  
2018-07-11: Vendor completely fixes the SQL injection, but decides not to fix  
the XSS in the administrative functions, patch release is planned  
within the next two weeks  
2018-07-20: Vendor provides a patched version  
2018-08-13: Public release of security advisory  
  
  
Solution:  
---------  
The vendor has published a new release (version 5.3.0) which fixes most of the  
identified issues, but not the XSS issues that affect administrative functions:  
  
https://pimcore.com/en/download  
  
  
Workaround:  
-----------  
None  
  
  
Advisory URL:  
-------------  
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/vulnerability-lab/advisories/index.html  
  
  
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  
  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
  
SEC Consult  
Europe | Asia | North America  
  
About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult. It  
ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the field of network  
and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The SEC Consult  
Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and the evaluation  
of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers. Hence our  
customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities and valid  
recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies.  
  
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  
Interested to work with the experts of SEC Consult?  
Send us your application https://www.sec-consult.com/en/career/index.html  
  
Interested in improving your cyber security with the experts of SEC Consult?  
Contact our local offices https://www.sec-consult.com/en/contact/index.html  
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  
  
Mail: research at sec-consult dot com  
Web: https://www.sec-consult.com  
Blog: http://blog.sec-consult.com  
Twitter: https://twitter.com/sec_consult  
  
EOF Thongchai Silpavarangkura / @2018  
  
`

EPSS

0.009

Percentile

82.9%