Micro Focus GroupWise Cross Site Scripting / Overflows

Type packetstorm
Reporter Wolfgang Ettlinger
Modified 2016-08-25T00:00:00


                                            `SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20160825-0 >  
title: Multiple vulnerabilities  
product: Micro Focus GroupWise  
vulnerable version: GroupWise 2014 R2 (<=SP1)  
GroupWise 2014  
(unsupported versions may be affected)  
fixed version: GroupWise 2014 R2 Service Pack 1 Hot Patch 1  
CVE number: CVE-2016-5760, CVE-2016-5761, CVE-2016-5762  
impact: critical  
homepage: https://www.novell.com/products/groupwise/  
found: 2016-07  
by: W. Ettlinger (Office Vienna)  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
An integrated part of SEC Consult  
Bangkok - Berlin - Linz - Montreal - Moscow  
Singapore - Vienna (HQ) - Vilnius - Zurich  
Vendor description:  
"Micro Focus GroupWise is a complete collaboration software solution that  
provides email, calendaring, instant messaging, task management, contact and  
document management functions. GroupWise has long been praised by customers and  
industry watchers for its security and reliability."  
URL: https://www.novell.com/products/groupwise/  
Business recommendation:  
During a quick security check SEC Consult found three vulnerabilities in the  
Micro Focus GroupWise server applications.  
As these partly critical vulnerabilities were identified during a short time  
frame SEC Consult recommends to conduct a thorough technical security audit.  
Vulnerability overview/description:  
1) Reflected cross site scripting in the administrator console (CVE-2016-5760)  
Two reflected cross site scripting vulnerabilities have been identified in the  
gwadmin-console application. An attacker could potentially take over an  
administrator's session.  
2) Persistent cross site scripting via emails (CVE-2016-5761)  
By sending a single email to a victim an attacker could take over the victim's  
email account. For a successful exploitation the victim has to click on a  
link in an email opened in GroupWise WebAccess.  
3) Heap-based Buffer Overflow / Integer Overflow (CVE-2016-5762)  
By sending a crafted value for the username or the password to GroupWise  
WebAccess or the GroupWise Post Office Agent during login an attacker can  
overwrite heap memory. In order to exploit this vulnerability no user  
authentication is required.  
PLEASE NOTE: A successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an  
attacker to execute code remotely. As SEC Consult only conducted a very quick  
security check this has not been verified.  
Proof of concept:  
1) Reflected cross site scripting in the administrator console  
The following links demonstrate reflected cross site scripting vulnerabilities:  
2) Persistent cross site scripting via emails  
The following Python fragment demonstrates the generation of a hyperlink that,  
when embeded into an HTML email, would, upon clicking it, open a new mail dialog.  
---- snip ----  
msg = """  
target = _self>click me</a>  
""".replace('$charcode', ','.join(str(ord(x)) for x in list('idNewPopupMenu')))  
---- snip ----  
3) Heap-based Buffer Overflow / Integer Overflow  
When a username or password longer than 65332 (2^16 - 3) is specified, an  
overflow causes the Post Office Agent to allocate too little memory.  
The following pseudocode shows how the memory to be allocated is calculated  
based on the input length.  
((uint16_t) ((<length>) + 3) & 0xFFFC) + 1)  
Therefore, a value of 65533 would cause the application to allocate 1 byte. By  
modifying this value accordingly, an attacker can cause the application to  
allocate an arbitrary amount of memory.  
The user-specified value is then copied into this buffer until a NUL-byte is  
reached. This allows an attacker to write non-NUL bytes after the allocated  
heap chunk.  
Vulnerable / tested versions:  
The version 2014 R2 SP1 of Micro Focus GroupWise was found to be  
vulnerable. This version was the latest version at the time of the discovery.  
Vendor contact timeline:  
2016-07-05: Contacting vendor through security@novell.com  
2016-07-06: Micro Focus was able to reproduce the vulnerabilities  
2016-07-25: Micro Focus: The issues have been resolved in development  
2016-08-12: Micro Focus: Hotpatch is currently undergoing QA  
2016-08-25: Coordinated release of security advisory  
The "GroupWise 2014 R2 Service Pack 1 Hot Patch 1" should be applied  
immediately. This update can be found at:  
http://download.novell.com/Download?buildid=RrXPw5FEDLg~ (Linux)  
http://download.novell.com/Download?buildid=aSiFyZ1z1SY~ (Windows)  
Knowledge base references at Micro Focus:  
https://www.novell.com/support/kb/doc.php?id=7017973 (#1)  
https://www.novell.com/support/kb/doc.php?id=7017974 (#2)  
https://www.novell.com/support/kb/doc.php?id=7017975 (#3)  
Advisory URL:  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
SEC Consult  
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Singapore - Vienna (HQ) - Vilnius - Zurich  
About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
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recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies.  
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EOF W. Ettlinger / @2016