eFront Learning CMS Cross Site Scripting

Type packetstorm
Reporter Lawrence Amer
Modified 2016-02-25T00:00:00


                                            `Document Title:  
eFront Learning CMS - (Forum) Persistent Title Web Vulnerability  
References (Source):  
Release Date:  
Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):  
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:  
Product & Service Introduction:  
eFrontPro is a powerful learning management system that provides effective employee training that fits your brand preferences for both,   
online training & blended learning. eFrontPro can help you improve employee learning & development, ensure compliance, track employee   
training, engage your workforce and support organizational goals. Trusted by hundreds of companies and organizations around the world,   
eFrontPro is committed to assist you train people.  
(Copy of the Homepage: http://www.efrontlearning.net/ )  
Abstract Advisory Information:  
An independent vulnerability laboratory researcher discovered an application-side input validation vulnerability in the eFront Learning v3.6.15.6 CMS.  
Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:  
2016-02-23: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)  
Discovery Status:  
Affected Product(s):  
Epignosis LLC  
Product: eFront eLearning - (Web-Application)  
Exploitation Technique:  
Severity Level:  
Technical Details & Description:  
A persistent Cross site scripting vulnerability has been discovered in the official eFront Learning v3.6.15.6 Content Management System.  
The security vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own script code to the application-side of the affected application module.  
The vulnerability is Located in forum `topics` add POST method request. Remote attackers with low privileged web-application user accounts   
are able to inject own malicious script code via POST method request to the application-side. The injection point of Vulnerable `topic title`   
parameter in forums on `add topic`. The request method to inject is POST and the vulnerability is located to the application-side of the   
vulnerable module. The attacker can inject in the forum topic title own malicious script codes to compromise the web-application or dbms.  
The security risk of the application-side input web vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.7.   
Exploitation of the persistent web vulnerability requires a low privileged web-application account with restricted access and low user interaction.   
Successful exploitation of the vulnerabilities results in persistent phishing mails, session hijacking, persistent external redirect to malicious   
sources and application-side manipulation of affected or connected module context.  
Request Method(s):  
[+] POST  
Vulnerable Module(s):  
[+] Forum (?ctg=forum)  
Vulnerable File(s):  
[+] ./student.php?ctg=forum  
Vulnerable Parameter(s):  
[+] topic - title  
Proof of Concept (PoC):  
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged web-application user account and low user interaction.  
For security demonstration or to reproduce the web vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.  
Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...  
1. First the user goes to efront forums software  
2. Add new topic to the forums   
3. Inject a script code payload to the application side via [add topic title]  
4. Save the entry  
5. Watch the forum section were the execution of the payload occurs finally  
6. Successful reproduce of the vulnerability!   
--- PoC Session Logs [POST ---  
POST /efront/www/student.php?ctg=forum&add=1&type=topic&forum_id=9 HTTP/1.1  
Host: efront.com  
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:22.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/22.0 Iceweasel/22.0  
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,/;q=0.8  
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5  
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate  
Cookie: PHPSESSID=6ba3cf5969fed618bf9ddddde733bf49f4b6; display_all_courses=1; setFormRowsHidden=0;   
__test=7ef6241c5ea1b95509d7282ebc902375; 32fc09efd1cba05e1fbbfed2afbc49be=fb1455ec6287a589ef46sdsd5ed9505885db;   
base_language_id=1; Elgg=7a611e893fc08c3a062deb6f65f1afb4; PHPSESSID=6ba3cf59sdsd69fed618bf9de733bf49f4b6;   
Connection: keep-alive  
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=—————————————-213209647576881304973562027  
Content-Length: 1979  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“popup”  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“_qf__topic_add_form”  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“MAX_FILE_SIZE”  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“qfS_csrf”  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“qfS_csrf”  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“title”  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“message”  
<p>here is the tesxt</p>  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“attachment_upload0”; filename=""  
Content-Type: application/octet-stream  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“attachment_upload1”; filename=""  
Content-Type: application/octet-stream  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“attachment_upload2”; filename=""  
Content-Type: application/octet-stream  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“attachment_upload3”; filename=""  
Content-Type: application/octet-stream  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“attachment_upload4”; filename=""  
Content-Type: application/octet-stream  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name=“submit_add_topic”  
Solution - Fix & Patch:  
the vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of vulnerable parameters   
[add topic title ] input fields .Restrict the input and disallow usage of special chars.  
Filter and setup a secure exception handling that prevents the persistent execution in the output location.  
Security Risk:  
The security risk of application-side cross site scripting web vulnerability in web application is estimated as medium. (CVSS 3.7)  
Credits & Authors:  
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Lawrence Amer - http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Lawrence%20Amer  
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