INSTEON Hub 2242-222 Lack Of Authentication

2013-08-02T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:122658
Type packetstorm
Reporter David Bryan
Modified 2013-08-02T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Trustwave SpiderLabs Security Advisory TWSL2013-023:  
Lack of Web and API Authentication Vulnerability in INSTEON Hub  
  
Published: 8/01/13  
Version: 1.0  
  
Vendor: INSTEON (http://www.INSTEON.com/)  
Product: Hub  
  
Version affected: 2242-222 (model discontinued)  
  
Product description:  
Home automation controller for INSTEON and X10 compatible devices such as,  
lights, RF deadbolts/door locks, Window/door sensors, thermostats, etc.  
  
Finding 1: Lack of Web and API Authentication  
*****Credit: David Bryan of Trustwave SpiderLabs  
CVE: CVE-2013-4859  
CWE: CWE-306  
  
The INSTEON Hub allows users to control their home automation devices from  
their home, and across the Internet. To allow control of the devices from  
the Internet requires that a user create a port forward from the Internet  
to the Hub on their home network. This is to allow direct access from a  
users smart phone. The hub will display a web page that is a legacy of their  
previous hardware version of home automation control systems. This page  
allows anonymous access to control any devices connected to the Hub, if the  
user has not set a user name and password. Additionally it reveals the  
name of the device, and what city and timezone the device is located.  
  
Because INSTEON does not restrict the user in the naming of their device,  
it is possible for users to use their street address in the naming. Having  
access to the name of the city, make locating the device trivial using  
mapping software to search for the house and street name of the controller,  
and potentially identify the location of the device. The web interface  
does not require the user to set authentication or authorization to make  
requests to the Hub. This allows an anonymous threat agent access to turn  
on and off lights/devices, change temperature settings on thermostats, or  
even open electronic door locks. Additionally a threat agent also has  
access to a buffer command, where they can see what lights or devices were  
turned on or off. For example, an ON Command is a simple GET request of:  
  
  
http://A.B.C.D:8001/3?0262XXYYZZ0F11FF=I=3  
  
This turns on the device, and does not require authentication to perform  
this action. XXYYZZ is the ID of the INSTEON device.  
  
An OFF Command is a simple GET request of:  
http://A.B.C.D:8001/3?0262XXYYZZ0F1100=I=3  
  
This turns the device off, and does not require authentication to perform  
this action.  
  
http://A.B.C.D:8001/buffstatus.xml request, without any sort of authentication taking place:  
  
<response><BS>02622026AA0F11FF0602502026AA1E965F2F11FF000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000</BS></response>  
  
>From that response,it is possible to gather what INSTEON devices that were last used.  
>From there an attacker can then go back and easily decode the buffer status  
message and turn those devices on or off.  
  
Additionally, the device does not have the capability to enable SSL/TLS to  
encrypt the data in transit. This allows any anonymous threat agent to  
view, intercept, and replay commands. It also does not prevent someone  
from capturing authentication credentials when the device is accessed via  
the Internet.  
  
  
Remediation Steps:  
The vendor has recalled and discontinued affected units. Trustwave  
SpiderLabs has confirmed that Model 2422-222R is not affected by this  
vulnerability.  
  
Vendor Communication Timeline:  
12/27/12 - Vulnerability disclosed to vendor  
03/16/13 - Vendor emails upgrade notice  
07/17/13 - Advisory disclosed to vendor  
08/01/13 - Advisory published  
  
References  
1. http://www.INSTEON.com/support.html  
  
About Trustwave:  
Trustwave is the leading provider of on-demand and subscription-based  
information security and payment card industry compliance management  
solutions to businesses and government entities throughout the world. For  
organizations faced with today's challenging data security and compliance  
environment, Trustwave provides a unique approach with comprehensive  
solutions that include its flagship TrustKeeper compliance management  
software and other proprietary security solutions. Trustwave has helped  
thousands of organizations--ranging from Fortune 500 businesses and large  
financial institutions to small and medium-sized retailers--manage  
compliance and secure their network infrastructure, data communications and  
critical information assets. Trustwave is headquartered in Chicago with  
offices throughout North America, South America, Europe, Africa, China and  
Australia. For more information, visit https://www.trustwave.com  
  
About Trustwave SpiderLabs:  
SpiderLabs(R) is the advanced security team at Trustwave focused on  
application security, incident response, penetration testing, physical  
security and security research. The team has performed over a thousand  
incident investigations, thousands of penetration tests and hundreds of  
application security tests globally. In addition, the SpiderLabs Research  
team provides intelligence through bleeding-edge research and proof of  
concept tool development to enhance Trustwave's products and services.  
https://www.trustwave.com/spiderlabs  
  
Disclaimer:  
The information provided in this advisory is provided "as is" without  
warranty of any kind. Trustwave disclaims all warranties, either express or  
implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a  
particular purpose. In no event shall Trustwave or its suppliers be liable  
for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental,  
consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if  
Trustwave or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such  
damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability  
for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not  
apply.  
  
________________________________  
  
This transmission may contain information that is privileged, confidential, and/or exempt from disclosure under applicable law. If you are not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any disclosure, copying, distribution, or use of the information contained herein (including any reliance thereon) is STRICTLY PROHIBITED. If you received this transmission in error, please immediately contact the sender and destroy the material in its entirety, whether in electronic or hard copy format.  
  
  
`