Airlock WAF 4.2.4 Bypass

2012-06-19T00:00:00
ID PACKETSTORM:113859
Type packetstorm
Reporter G. Wagner
Modified 2012-06-19T00:00:00

Description

                                        
                                            `SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20120618-1 >  
=======================================================================  
title: Airlock WAF overlong UTF-8 sequence bypass  
product: Airlock  
vulnerable version: <= 4.2.4 (without hotfix HF4213)  
fixed version: 4.2.5  
impact: critical  
homepage: http://www.ergon.ch/  
found: 2012-04-05  
by: G. Wagner  
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
https://www.sec-consult.com/  
=======================================================================  
  
  
Vendor description:  
-------------------  
  
Airlock is a Web application firewall (WAF) that offers a combination of  
defence mechanisms for Web applications. It has been developed to meet the  
security standards criteria of the payment card industry (PCI DSS), online  
banking security and the protection of e-commerce, and provides sustainable,  
easy to administrate and audit security for Web applications.  
  
source: http://www.ergon.ch/en/airlock/  
  
  
Vulnerability overview/description:  
-----------------------------------  
  
The Airlock WAF protection can be completely bypassed by using overlong UTF-8  
character representations of the NUL character such as C0 80, E0 80 80 and F0  
80 80 80. During the tests no internal knowledge of the WAF was known, but it  
is suspected that the UTF-8 decoder fails to reject the overlong NUL byte  
character representations and they get decoded as U+0000 later on. Further the  
WAF would not perform any checks for attack patterns after the NUL byte.  
  
  
Proof of concept:  
-----------------  
  
The WAF blocks requests based on patterns that it recognizes as a web  
application attack, for instance:  
  
allowed:   
http://www.abc.com/file.ext?id=101'+union+select  
  
forbidden:  
http://www.abc.com/file.ext?id=101'+union+select+1+from+Dual+--+  
  
  
If an overlong UTF-8 character representation of the NUL byte forgoes any web  
application attack sequence, the WAF would fail to recognize the attack  
pattern, for instance:  
  
forbidden:  
http://www.abc.com/file.ext?id=101'+union+select+col1,col2,col3+from+table+--+  
  
allowed:  
http://www.abc.com/file.ext?id=101%C0%80'+union+select+col1,col2,col3+from+table+--+  
  
  
Vendor contact timeline:  
------------------------  
2012-04-05: Informed customer about vulnerability in their Airlock WAF.  
2012-06-08: Received permission from customer to contact vendor directly.   
2012-06-11: Contacted security contact at Ergon with vulnerability information.  
2012-06-13: Vendor indicates that issue is already fixed. They had received  
vulnerability information already by the customer.  
2012-06-18: Vendor provides information on patched versions.   
  
  
Solution:  
---------  
  
The vendor resolved the issue on the 19th of April 2012 with Update 4.2.5 or  
the Hotfix HF4213 for the versions 4.2.4 and 4.2.3.3.  
  
  
Advisory URL:  
-------------  
  
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/advisories.html  
  
  
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  
SEC Consult Singapore Pte. Ltd.  
  
4 Battery Road  
#25-01 Bank of China Building  
Singapore (049908)  
  
Mail: research at sec-consult dot com  
https://www.sec-consult.com  
  
EOF G. Wagner / @2012  
`