ventrilo-info NSE Script

2013-01-16T00:29:05
ID NMAP:VENTRILO-INFO.NSE
Type nmap
Reporter Marin Maržić
Modified 2017-03-13T14:58:56

Description

Detects the Ventrilo voice communication server service versions 2.1.2 and above and tries to determine version and configuration information. Some of the older versions (pre 3.0.0) may not have the UDP service that this probe relies on enabled by default.

The Ventrilo server listens on a TCP (voice/control) and an UDP (ping/status) port with the same port number (fixed to 3784 in the free version, otherwise configurable). This script activates on both a TCP and UDP port version scan. In both cases probe data is sent only to the UDP port because it allows for a simple and informative status command as implemented by the ventrilo_status.exe executable which has shipped alongside the Windows server package since version 2.1.2 when the UDP status service was implemented.

When run as a version detection script (-sV), the script will report on the server version, name, uptime, authentication scheme, and OS. When run explicitly (--script ventrilo-info), the script will additionally report on the server name phonetic pronunciation string, the server comment, maximum number of clients, voice codec, voice format, channel and client counts, and details about channels and currently connected clients.

Original reversing of the protocol was done by Luigi Auriemma (http://aluigi.altervista.org/papers.htm#ventrilo).

Example Usage

  • nmap -sV <target>

  • nmap -Pn -sU -sV --script ventrilo-info -p <port> <target>

Script Output

PORT     STATE SERVICE  VERSION
9408/tcp open  ventrilo Ventrilo 3.0.3.C (voice port; name: TypeFrag.com; uptime: 152h:56m; auth: pw)
| ventrilo-info:
| name: TypeFrag.com
| phonetic: Type Frag Dot Com
| comment: http://www.typefrag.com/
| auth: pw
| max. clients: 100
| voice codec: 3,Speex
| voice format: 32,32 KHz%2C 16 bit%2C 10 Qlty
| uptime: 152h:56m
| platform: WIN32
| version: 3.0.3.C
| channel count: 14
| channel fields: CID, PID, PROT, NAME, COMM
| client count: 6
| client fields: ADMIN, CID, PHAN, PING, SEC, NAME, COMM
| channels:
| &lt;top level lobby&gt; (CID: 0, PID: n/a, PROT: n/a, COMM: n/a): &lt;empty&gt;
| Group 1 (CID: 719, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ):
|   stabya (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 47, SEC: 206304, COMM:
| Group 2 (CID: 720, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Group 3 (CID: 721, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Group 4 (CID: 722, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Group 5 (CID: 723, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ):
|   Sir Master Win (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 32, SEC: 186890, COMM:
|   waterbukk (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 31, SEC: 111387, COMM:
|   likez (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 140, SEC: 22457, COMM:
|   Tweet (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 140, SEC: 21009, COMM:
| Group 6 (CID: 724, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Raid (CID: 725, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Officers (CID: 726, PID: 0, PROT: 1, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| PG 13 (CID: 727, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Rated R (CID: 728, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Group 7 (CID: 729, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Group 8 (CID: 730, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| Group 9 (CID: 731, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
| AFK - switch to this when AFK (CID: 732, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ):
|_  Eisennacher (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 79, SEC: 181948, COMM:
Service Info: OS: WIN32

Requires

  • stdnse
  • math
  • nmap
  • strbuf
  • string
  • table
  • shortport

                                        
                                            local stdnse = require "stdnse"
local math = require "math"
local nmap = require "nmap"
local strbuf = require "strbuf"
local string = require "string"
local table = require "table"
local shortport = require "shortport"

description = [[
Detects the Ventrilo voice communication server service versions 2.1.2
and above and tries to determine version and configuration
information. Some of the older versions (pre 3.0.0) may not have the
UDP service that this probe relies on enabled by default.

The Ventrilo server listens on a TCP (voice/control) and an UDP (ping/status)
port with the same port number (fixed to 3784 in the free version, otherwise
configurable). This script activates on both a TCP and UDP port version scan.
In both cases probe data is sent only to the UDP port because it allows for a
simple and informative status command as implemented by the
&lt;code&gt;ventrilo_status.exe&lt;/code&gt; executable which has shipped alongside the Windows server
package since version 2.1.2 when the UDP status service was implemented.

When run as a version detection script (&lt;code&gt;-sV&lt;/code&gt;), the script will report on the
server version, name, uptime, authentication scheme, and OS.  When run
explicitly (&lt;code&gt;--script ventrilo-info&lt;/code&gt;), the script will additionally report on the
server name phonetic pronunciation string, the server comment, maximum number
of clients, voice codec, voice format, channel and client counts, and details
about channels and currently connected clients.

Original reversing of the protocol was done by Luigi Auriemma
(http://aluigi.altervista.org/papers.htm#ventrilo).
]]

---
-- @usage
-- nmap -sV &lt;target&gt;
-- @usage
-- nmap -Pn -sU -sV --script ventrilo-info -p &lt;port&gt; &lt;target&gt;
--
-- @output
-- PORT     STATE SERVICE  VERSION
-- 9408/tcp open  ventrilo Ventrilo 3.0.3.C (voice port; name: TypeFrag.com; uptime: 152h:56m; auth: pw)
-- | ventrilo-info:
-- | name: TypeFrag.com
-- | phonetic: Type Frag Dot Com
-- | comment: http://www.typefrag.com/
-- | auth: pw
-- | max. clients: 100
-- | voice codec: 3,Speex
-- | voice format: 32,32 KHz%2C 16 bit%2C 10 Qlty
-- | uptime: 152h:56m
-- | platform: WIN32
-- | version: 3.0.3.C
-- | channel count: 14
-- | channel fields: CID, PID, PROT, NAME, COMM
-- | client count: 6
-- | client fields: ADMIN, CID, PHAN, PING, SEC, NAME, COMM
-- | channels:
-- | &lt;top level lobby&gt; (CID: 0, PID: n/a, PROT: n/a, COMM: n/a): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Group 1 (CID: 719, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ):
-- |   stabya (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 47, SEC: 206304, COMM:
-- | Group 2 (CID: 720, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Group 3 (CID: 721, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Group 4 (CID: 722, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Group 5 (CID: 723, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ):
-- |   Sir Master Win (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 32, SEC: 186890, COMM:
-- |   waterbukk (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 31, SEC: 111387, COMM:
-- |   likez (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 140, SEC: 22457, COMM:
-- |   Tweet (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 140, SEC: 21009, COMM:
-- | Group 6 (CID: 724, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Raid (CID: 725, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Officers (CID: 726, PID: 0, PROT: 1, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | PG 13 (CID: 727, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Rated R (CID: 728, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Group 7 (CID: 729, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Group 8 (CID: 730, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | Group 9 (CID: 731, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ): &lt;empty&gt;
-- | AFK - switch to this when AFK (CID: 732, PID: 0, PROT: 0, COMM: ):
-- |_  Eisennacher (ADMIN: 0, PHAN: 0, PING: 79, SEC: 181948, COMM:
-- Service Info: OS: WIN32
--
-- @xmloutput
-- &lt;elem key="phonetic"&gt;Type Frag Dot Com&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="comment"&gt;http://www.typefrag.com/&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="auth"&gt;1&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="maxclients"&gt;100&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="voicecodec"&gt;3,Speex&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="voiceformat"&gt;32,32 KHz%2C 16 bit%2C 10 Qlty&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="uptime"&gt;551533&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="platform"&gt;WIN32&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="version"&gt;3.0.3.C&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="channelcount"&gt;14&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;table key="channelfields"&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;CID&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;PID&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;PROT&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;NAME&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;COMM&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;/table&gt;
-- &lt;table key="channels"&gt;
--   &lt;table key="0"&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="NAME"&gt;&lt;top level lobby&gt;&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="CID"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;/table&gt;
--   &lt;table key="363"&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="CID"&gt;363&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="PID"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="PROT"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="NAME"&gt;Group 1&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="COMM"&gt;&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;table key="clients"&gt;
--       &lt;table&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="ADMIN"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="CID"&gt;363&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="PHAN"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="PING"&gt;47&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="SEC"&gt;207276&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="NAME"&gt;stabya&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="COMM"&gt;&lt;/elem&gt;
--       &lt;/table&gt;
--     &lt;/table&gt;
--   &lt;/table&gt;
--   &lt;!-- Channels other than the first and last cut for brevity --&gt;
--   &lt;table key="376"&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="CID"&gt;376&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="PID"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="PROT"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="NAME"&gt;AFK - switch to this when AFK&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;elem key="COMM"&gt;&lt;/elem&gt;
--     &lt;table key="clients"&gt;
--       &lt;table&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="ADMIN"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="CID"&gt;376&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="PHAN"&gt;0&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="PING"&gt;78&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="SEC"&gt;182920&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="NAME"&gt;Eisennacher&lt;/elem&gt;
--         &lt;elem key="COMM"&gt;&lt;/elem&gt;
--       &lt;/table&gt;
--     &lt;/table&gt;
--   &lt;/table&gt;
-- &lt;/table&gt;
-- &lt;elem key="clientcount"&gt;6&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;table key="clientfields"&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;ADMIN&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;CID&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;PHAN&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;PING&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;SEC&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;NAME&lt;/elem&gt;
--   &lt;elem&gt;COMM&lt;/elem&gt;
-- &lt;/table&gt;

author = "Marin Maržić"
license = "Same as Nmap--See https://nmap.org/book/man-legal.html"
categories = { "default", "discovery", "safe", "version" }

local crypt_head = {
  0x80,0xe5,0x0e,0x38,0xba,0x63,0x4c,0x99,0x88,0x63,0x4c,0xd6,0x54,0xb8,0x65,0x7e,
  0xbf,0x8a,0xf0,0x17,0x8a,0xaa,0x4d,0x0f,0xb7,0x23,0x27,0xf6,0xeb,0x12,0xf8,0xea,
  0x17,0xb7,0xcf,0x52,0x57,0xcb,0x51,0xcf,0x1b,0x14,0xfd,0x6f,0x84,0x38,0xb5,0x24,
  0x11,0xcf,0x7a,0x75,0x7a,0xbb,0x78,0x74,0xdc,0xbc,0x42,0xf0,0x17,0x3f,0x5e,0xeb,
  0x74,0x77,0x04,0x4e,0x8c,0xaf,0x23,0xdc,0x65,0xdf,0xa5,0x65,0xdd,0x7d,0xf4,0x3c,
  0x4c,0x95,0xbd,0xeb,0x65,0x1c,0xf4,0x24,0x5d,0x82,0x18,0xfb,0x50,0x86,0xb8,0x53,
  0xe0,0x4e,0x36,0x96,0x1f,0xb7,0xcb,0xaa,0xaf,0xea,0xcb,0x20,0x27,0x30,0x2a,0xae,
  0xb9,0x07,0x40,0xdf,0x12,0x75,0xc9,0x09,0x82,0x9c,0x30,0x80,0x5d,0x8f,0x0d,0x09,
  0xa1,0x64,0xec,0x91,0xd8,0x8a,0x50,0x1f,0x40,0x5d,0xf7,0x08,0x2a,0xf8,0x60,0x62,
  0xa0,0x4a,0x8b,0xba,0x4a,0x6d,0x00,0x0a,0x93,0x32,0x12,0xe5,0x07,0x01,0x65,0xf5,
  0xff,0xe0,0xae,0xa7,0x81,0xd1,0xba,0x25,0x62,0x61,0xb2,0x85,0xad,0x7e,0x9d,0x3f,
  0x49,0x89,0x26,0xe5,0xd5,0xac,0x9f,0x0e,0xd7,0x6e,0x47,0x94,0x16,0x84,0xc8,0xff,
  0x44,0xea,0x04,0x40,0xe0,0x33,0x11,0xa3,0x5b,0x1e,0x82,0xff,0x7a,0x69,0xe9,0x2f,
  0xfb,0xea,0x9a,0xc6,0x7b,0xdb,0xb1,0xff,0x97,0x76,0x56,0xf3,0x52,0xc2,0x3f,0x0f,
  0xb6,0xac,0x77,0xc4,0xbf,0x59,0x5e,0x80,0x74,0xbb,0xf2,0xde,0x57,0x62,0x4c,0x1a,
  0xff,0x95,0x6d,0xc7,0x04,0xa2,0x3b,0xc4,0x1b,0x72,0xc7,0x6c,0x82,0x60,0xd1,0x0d
}

local crypt_data = {
  0x82,0x8b,0x7f,0x68,0x90,0xe0,0x44,0x09,0x19,0x3b,0x8e,0x5f,0xc2,0x82,0x38,0x23,
  0x6d,0xdb,0x62,0x49,0x52,0x6e,0x21,0xdf,0x51,0x6c,0x76,0x37,0x86,0x50,0x7d,0x48,
  0x1f,0x65,0xe7,0x52,0x6a,0x88,0xaa,0xc1,0x32,0x2f,0xf7,0x54,0x4c,0xaa,0x6d,0x7e,
  0x6d,0xa9,0x8c,0x0d,0x3f,0xff,0x6c,0x09,0xb3,0xa5,0xaf,0xdf,0x98,0x02,0xb4,0xbe,
  0x6d,0x69,0x0d,0x42,0x73,0xe4,0x34,0x50,0x07,0x30,0x79,0x41,0x2f,0x08,0x3f,0x42,
  0x73,0xa7,0x68,0xfa,0xee,0x88,0x0e,0x6e,0xa4,0x70,0x74,0x22,0x16,0xae,0x3c,0x81,
  0x14,0xa1,0xda,0x7f,0xd3,0x7c,0x48,0x7d,0x3f,0x46,0xfb,0x6d,0x92,0x25,0x17,0x36,
  0x26,0xdb,0xdf,0x5a,0x87,0x91,0x6f,0xd6,0xcd,0xd4,0xad,0x4a,0x29,0xdd,0x7d,0x59,
  0xbd,0x15,0x34,0x53,0xb1,0xd8,0x50,0x11,0x83,0x79,0x66,0x21,0x9e,0x87,0x5b,0x24,
  0x2f,0x4f,0xd7,0x73,0x34,0xa2,0xf7,0x09,0xd5,0xd9,0x42,0x9d,0xf8,0x15,0xdf,0x0e,
  0x10,0xcc,0x05,0x04,0x35,0x81,0xb2,0xd5,0x7a,0xd2,0xa0,0xa5,0x7b,0xb8,0x75,0xd2,
  0x35,0x0b,0x39,0x8f,0x1b,0x44,0x0e,0xce,0x66,0x87,0x1b,0x64,0xac,0xe1,0xca,0x67,
  0xb4,0xce,0x33,0xdb,0x89,0xfe,0xd8,0x8e,0xcd,0x58,0x92,0x41,0x50,0x40,0xcb,0x08,
  0xe1,0x15,0xee,0xf4,0x64,0xfe,0x1c,0xee,0x25,0xe7,0x21,0xe6,0x6c,0xc6,0xa6,0x2e,
  0x52,0x23,0xa7,0x20,0xd2,0xd7,0x28,0x07,0x23,0x14,0x24,0x3d,0x45,0xa5,0xc7,0x90,
  0xdb,0x77,0xdd,0xea,0x38,0x59,0x89,0x32,0xbc,0x00,0x3a,0x6d,0x61,0x4e,0xdb,0x29
}

local crypt_crc = {
  0x0000,0x1021,0x2042,0x3063,0x4084,0x50a5,0x60c6,0x70e7,
  0x8108,0x9129,0xa14a,0xb16b,0xc18c,0xd1ad,0xe1ce,0xf1ef,
  0x1231,0x0210,0x3273,0x2252,0x52b5,0x4294,0x72f7,0x62d6,
  0x9339,0x8318,0xb37b,0xa35a,0xd3bd,0xc39c,0xf3ff,0xe3de,
  0x2462,0x3443,0x0420,0x1401,0x64e6,0x74c7,0x44a4,0x5485,
  0xa56a,0xb54b,0x8528,0x9509,0xe5ee,0xf5cf,0xc5ac,0xd58d,
  0x3653,0x2672,0x1611,0x0630,0x76d7,0x66f6,0x5695,0x46b4,
  0xb75b,0xa77a,0x9719,0x8738,0xf7df,0xe7fe,0xd79d,0xc7bc,
  0x48c4,0x58e5,0x6886,0x78a7,0x0840,0x1861,0x2802,0x3823,
  0xc9cc,0xd9ed,0xe98e,0xf9af,0x8948,0x9969,0xa90a,0xb92b,
  0x5af5,0x4ad4,0x7ab7,0x6a96,0x1a71,0x0a50,0x3a33,0x2a12,
  0xdbfd,0xcbdc,0xfbbf,0xeb9e,0x9b79,0x8b58,0xbb3b,0xab1a,
  0x6ca6,0x7c87,0x4ce4,0x5cc5,0x2c22,0x3c03,0x0c60,0x1c41,
  0xedae,0xfd8f,0xcdec,0xddcd,0xad2a,0xbd0b,0x8d68,0x9d49,
  0x7e97,0x6eb6,0x5ed5,0x4ef4,0x3e13,0x2e32,0x1e51,0x0e70,
  0xff9f,0xefbe,0xdfdd,0xcffc,0xbf1b,0xaf3a,0x9f59,0x8f78,
  0x9188,0x81a9,0xb1ca,0xa1eb,0xd10c,0xc12d,0xf14e,0xe16f,
  0x1080,0x00a1,0x30c2,0x20e3,0x5004,0x4025,0x7046,0x6067,
  0x83b9,0x9398,0xa3fb,0xb3da,0xc33d,0xd31c,0xe37f,0xf35e,
  0x02b1,0x1290,0x22f3,0x32d2,0x4235,0x5214,0x6277,0x7256,
  0xb5ea,0xa5cb,0x95a8,0x8589,0xf56e,0xe54f,0xd52c,0xc50d,
  0x34e2,0x24c3,0x14a0,0x0481,0x7466,0x6447,0x5424,0x4405,
  0xa7db,0xb7fa,0x8799,0x97b8,0xe75f,0xf77e,0xc71d,0xd73c,
  0x26d3,0x36f2,0x0691,0x16b0,0x6657,0x7676,0x4615,0x5634,
  0xd94c,0xc96d,0xf90e,0xe92f,0x99c8,0x89e9,0xb98a,0xa9ab,
  0x5844,0x4865,0x7806,0x6827,0x18c0,0x08e1,0x3882,0x28a3,
  0xcb7d,0xdb5c,0xeb3f,0xfb1e,0x8bf9,0x9bd8,0xabbb,0xbb9a,
  0x4a75,0x5a54,0x6a37,0x7a16,0x0af1,0x1ad0,0x2ab3,0x3a92,
  0xfd2e,0xed0f,0xdd6c,0xcd4d,0xbdaa,0xad8b,0x9de8,0x8dc9,
  0x7c26,0x6c07,0x5c64,0x4c45,0x3ca2,0x2c83,0x1ce0,0x0cc1,
  0xef1f,0xff3e,0xcf5d,0xdf7c,0xaf9b,0xbfba,0x8fd9,0x9ff8,
  0x6e17,0x7e36,0x4e55,0x5e74,0x2e93,0x3eb2,0x0ed1,0x1ef0
}

-- The probe payload is static as it has proven to be unnecessary to forge a new
-- one every time. The data used includes the following parameters:
-- cmd = 2, password = 0, header len = 20, data len = 16, totlen = 36
-- static 2 byte status request id (time(NULL) in the original protocol)
local static_probe_id = 0x33CF
local static_probe_payload = "\x49\xde\xdf\xd0\x65\xc9\x21\xc4\x90\x0d\xbf\x23\xa2\xc8\x8b\x65\x7d\x43\x15\x9b\x30\xc2\xe2\x23\xd2\x13\xe3\x29\xad\xe8\x63\xff\x17\x31\x33\x50"

-- Returns a string interpretation of the server authentication scheme.
-- @param auth the server authentication scheme code
-- @return string string interpretation of the server authentication scheme
local auth_str = function(auth)
  if auth == "0" then
    return "none"
  elseif auth == "1" then
    return "pw"
  elseif auth == "2" then
    return "user/pw"
  else
    return auth
  end
end

-- Formats an uptime string containing a number of seconds.
-- E.g. "3670" -&gt; "1h:1m"
-- @param uptime number of seconds of uptime
-- @return uptime_formatted formatted uptime string (hours and minutes)
local uptime_str = function(uptime)
  local uptime_num = tonumber(uptime)
  if not uptime_num then
    return uptime
  end

  local h = math.floor(uptime_num/3600)
  local m = math.floor((uptime_num - h*3600)/60)

  return h .. "h:" .. m .. "m"
end

-- Decrypts the Ventrilo UDP status response header segment.
-- @param str the Ventrilo UDP status response
-- @return id status request id as sent by us
-- @return len length of the data segment of the response
-- @return totlen total length of data segments of all response packets
-- @return pck response packet number (starts with 0)
-- @return totpck total number of response packets to expect
-- @return key key for decrypting the data segment of this response packet
-- @return crc_sum the crc checksum of the full response data segment
local dec_head = function(str)
  local head = { string.byte(str, 1, 20) }

  head[1], head[2] = head[2], head[1]
  local a1 = head[1]
  if a1 == 0 then
    return table.concat(head)
  end
  local a2 = head[2]

  for i = 3,20 do
    head[i] = head[i] - (crypt_head[a2 + 1] + ((i - 3) % 5)) & 0xFF
    a2 = (a2 + a1) & 0xFF
  end

  for i = 3,19,2 do
    head[i], head[i + 1] = head[i + 1], head[i]
  end

  local id = head[7] + (head[8] &lt;&lt; 8)
  local totlen = head[9] + (head[10] &lt;&lt; 8)
  local len = head[11] + (head[12] &lt;&lt; 8)
  local totpck = head[13] + (head[14] &lt;&lt; 8)
  local pck = head[15] + (head[16] &lt;&lt; 8)
  local key = head[17] + (head[18] &lt;&lt; 8)
  local crc_sum = head[19] + (head[20] &lt;&lt; 8)

  return id, len, totlen, pck, totpck, key, crc_sum
end

-- Decrypts the Ventrilo UDP status response data segment.
-- @param str the Ventrilo UDP status response
-- @param len length of the data segment of this response packet
-- @param key key for decrypting the data segment
local dec_data = function(str, len, key)
  -- skip the header (first 20 bytes)
  local data = { string.byte(str, 21, 20 + len) }

  local a1 = key & 0xFF
  if a1 == 0 then
    return table.concat(data)
  end
  local a2 = key &gt;&gt; 8

  for i = 1,len do
    data[i] = data[i] - (crypt_data[a2 + 1] + ((i - 1) % 72)) & 0xFF
    a2 = (a2 + a1) & 0xFF
  end

  return string.char(table.unpack(data))
end

-- Convenient wrapper for string.find(...). Returns the position of the end of
-- the match, or the previous starting position if no match was found. Also
-- returns the first capture, or "n/a" if one was not found.
-- @param str the string to search
-- @param pattern the pattern to apply for the search
-- @param pos the starting position of the search
-- @return newpos position of the end of the match, or pos if no match found
-- @return cap the first capture, or "n/a" if one was not found
local str_find = function(str, pattern, pos)
  local _, newpos, cap = string.find(str, pattern, pos)
  return newpos or pos, cap or "n/a"
end

-- Calculates the CRC checksum used for checking the integrity of the received
-- status response data segment.
-- @param data data to calculate the checksum of
-- @return 2 byte CRC checksum as seen in Ventrilo UDP status headers
local crc = function(data)
  local sum = 0
  for i = 1,#data do
    sum = (crypt_crc[(sum &gt;&gt; 8) + 1] ~ data:byte(i) ~ (sum &lt;&lt; 8)) & 0xFFFF
  end
  return sum
end

-- Parses the status response data segment and constructs an output table.
-- @param Ventrilo UDP status response data segment
-- @return info output table representing Ventrilo UDP status response info
local o_table = function(data)
  local info = stdnse.output_table()
  local pos

  pos, info.name = str_find(data, "NAME: ([^\n]*)", 0)
  pos, info.phonetic = str_find(data, "PHONETIC: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.comment = str_find(data, "COMMENT: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.auth = str_find(data, "AUTH: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.maxclients = str_find(data, "MAXCLIENTS: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.voicecodec = str_find(data, "VOICECODEC: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.voiceformat = str_find(data, "VOICEFORMAT: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.uptime = str_find(data, "UPTIME: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.platform = str_find(data, "PLATFORM: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.version = str_find(data, "VERSION: ([^\n]*)", pos)

  -- channels
  pos, info.channelcount = str_find(data, "CHANNELCOUNT: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.channelfields = str_find(data, "CHANNELFIELDS: ([^\n]*)", pos)

  -- construct channel fields as a nice list instead of the raw data
  local channelfields = {}
  for channelfield in string.gmatch(info.channelfields, "[^,\n]+") do
    channelfields[#channelfields + 1] = channelfield
  end
  info.channelfields = channelfields

  -- parse and add channels
  info.channels = stdnse.output_table()
  -- add top level lobby channel (CID = 0)
  info.channels["0"] = stdnse.output_table()
  info.channels["0"].NAME = "&lt;top level lobby&gt;"
  info.channels["0"].CID = "0"
  while string.sub(data, pos + 2, pos + 10) == "CHANNEL: " do
    local channel = stdnse.output_table()
    for _, channelfield in ipairs(info.channelfields) do
      pos, channel[channelfield] = str_find(data, channelfield .. "=([^,\n]*)", pos)
    end
    if channel.CID then
      info.channels[channel.CID] = channel
    end
  end

  -- clients
  pos, info.clientcount = str_find(data, "CLIENTCOUNT: ([^\n]*)", pos)
  pos, info.clientfields = str_find(data, "CLIENTFIELDS: ([^\n]*)", pos)

  -- construct client fields as a nice list instead of the raw data
  local clientfields = {}
  for clientfield in string.gmatch(info.clientfields, "[^,\n]+") do
    clientfields[#clientfields + 1] = clientfield
  end
  info.clientfields = clientfields

  -- parse and add clients
  while string.sub(data, pos + 2, pos + 9) == "CLIENT: " do
    local client = stdnse.output_table()
    for _, clientfield in ipairs(info.clientfields) do
      pos, client[clientfield] = str_find(data, clientfield .. "=([^,\n]*)", pos)
    end
    if client.CID then
      if not info.channels[client.CID] then
        -- weird clients with unrecognized CID are put in the -1 channel
        if not info.channels["-1"] then
          -- add channel for weird clients with unrecognized CIDs
          info.channels["-1"] = stdnse.output_table()
          info.channels["-1"].NAME = "&lt;clients with unrecognized CIDs&gt;"
          info.channels["-1"].CID = "-1"
          info.channels["-1"].clients = {}
        end
        table.insert(info.channels["-1"].clients, client)
      elseif not info.channels[client.CID].clients then
        -- channel had no clients, create table for the 1st client
        info.channels[client.CID].clients = {}
        table.insert(info.channels[client.CID].clients, client)
      else
        table.insert(info.channels[client.CID].clients, client)
      end
    end
  end

  return info
end

-- Constructs an output string from an output table for use in normal output.
-- @param info output table
-- @return output_string output string
local o_str = function(info)
  local buf = strbuf.new()
  buf = buf .. "\nname: "
  buf = buf .. info.name
  buf = buf .. "\nphonetic: "
  buf = buf .. info.phonetic
  buf = buf .. "\ncomment: "
  buf = buf .. info.comment
  buf = buf .. "\nauth: "
  buf = buf .. auth_str(info.auth)
  buf = buf .. "\nmax. clients: "
  buf = buf .. info.maxclients
  buf = buf .. "\nvoice codec: "
  buf = buf .. info.voicecodec
  buf = buf .. "\nvoice format: "
  buf = buf .. info.voiceformat
  buf = buf .. "\nuptime: "
  buf = buf .. uptime_str(info.uptime)
  buf = buf .. "\nplatform: "
  buf = buf .. info.platform
  buf = buf .. "\nversion: "
  buf = buf .. info.version
  buf = buf .. "\nchannel count: "
  buf = buf .. info.channelcount
  buf = buf .. "\nchannel fields: "
  for i, channelfield in ipairs(info.channelfields) do
    buf = buf .. channelfield
    if i ~= #info.channelfields then
      buf = buf .. ", "
    end
  end
  buf = buf .. "\nclient count: "
  buf = buf .. info.clientcount
  buf = buf .. "\nclient fields: "
  for i, clientfield in ipairs(info.clientfields) do
    buf = buf .. clientfield
    if i ~= #info.clientfields then
      buf = buf .. ", "
    end
  end
  buf = buf .. "\nchannels:"
  for i, channel in pairs(info.channels) do
    buf = buf .. "\n"
    buf = buf .. channel.NAME
    buf = buf .. " ("
    for j, channelfield in ipairs(info.channelfields) do
      if channelfield ~= "NAME" and channelfield ~= "n/a" then
        buf = buf .. channelfield
        buf = buf .. ": "
        buf = buf .. (channel[channelfield] or "n/a")
        if j ~= #info.channelfields then
          buf = buf .. ", "
        end
      end
    end
    buf = buf .. "): "
    if not channel.clients then
      buf = buf .. "&lt;empty&gt;"
    else
      for j, client in ipairs(channel.clients) do
        buf = buf .. "\n  "
        buf = buf .. client.NAME
        buf = buf .. " ("
        for k, clientfield in ipairs(info.clientfields) do
          if clientfield ~= "NAME" and clientfield ~= "CID" then
            buf = buf .. clientfield
            buf = buf .. ": "
            buf = buf .. client[clientfield]
            if k ~= #info.clientfields then
              buf = buf .. ", "
            end
          end
        end
      end
    end
  end

  return strbuf.dump(buf, "")
end

portrule = shortport.version_port_or_service({3784}, "ventrilo", {"tcp", "udp"})

action = function(host, port)
  local mutex = nmap.mutex("ventrilo-info:" .. host.ip .. ":" .. port.number)
  mutex("lock")

  if host.registry["ventrilo-info"] == nil then
    host.registry["ventrilo-info"] = {}
  end
  -- Maybe the script already ran for this port number on another protocol
  local r = host.registry["ventrilo-info"][port.number]
  if r == nil then
    r = {}
    host.registry["ventrilo-info"][port.number] = r

    local socket = nmap.new_socket()
    socket:set_timeout(2000)

    local cleanup = function()
      socket:close()
      mutex("done")
    end
    local try = nmap.new_try(cleanup)

    local udpport = { number = port.number, protocol = "udp" }
    try(socket:connect(host.ip, udpport))

    local status, response
    -- try a couple of times on timeout, the service seems to not
    -- respond if multiple requests come within a short timeframe
    for _ = 1,3 do
      try(socket:send(static_probe_payload))
      status, response = socket:receive()
      if status then
        nmap.set_port_state(host, udpport, "open")
        break
      end
    end
    if not status then
      -- 3 timeouts, no response
      cleanup()
      return
    end

    -- received the first packet, process it and others if they come
    local fulldata = {}
    local fulldatalen = 0
    local curlen = 0
    local head_crc_sum
    while true do
      -- decrypt received header and extract relevant information
      local id, len, totlen, pck, totpck, key, crc_sum = dec_head(response)

      if id == static_probe_id then
        curlen = curlen + len
        head_crc_sum = crc_sum

        -- check for an invalid response
        if #response &lt; 20 or pck &gt;= totpck or
          len &gt; 492 or curlen &gt; totlen then
          stdnse.debug1("Invalid response. Aborting script.")
          cleanup()
          return
        end

        -- keep track of the length of fulldata (# isn't applicable)
        if fulldata[pck + 1] == nil then
          fulldatalen = fulldatalen + 1
        end
        -- accumulate UDP packets that may not necessarily come in proper
        -- order; arrange them by packet id
        fulldata[pck + 1] = dec_data(response, len, key)
      end

      -- check for invalid states in communication
      if (fulldatalen &gt; totpck) or (curlen &gt; totlen)
        or (fulldatalen == totpck and curlen ~= totlen)
        or (curlen == totlen and fulldatalen ~= totpck) then
        stdnse.debug1("Invalid state (fulldatalen = " .. fulldatalen ..
          "; totpck = " .. totpck .. "; curlen = " .. curlen ..
          "; totlen = " .. totlen .. "). Aborting script.")
        cleanup()
        return
      end

      -- check for valid end of communication
      if fulldatalen == totpck and curlen == totlen then
        break
      end

      -- receive another packet
      status, response = socket:receive()
      if not status then
        stdnse.debug1("Response packets stopped coming midway. Aborting script.")
        cleanup()
        return
      end
    end

    socket:close()

    -- concatenate received data into a single string for further use
    local fulldata_str = table.concat(fulldata)

    -- check for an invalid checksum on the response data sections (no headers)
    local fulldata_crc_sum = crc(fulldata_str)
    if fulldata_crc_sum ~= head_crc_sum then
      stdnse.debug1("Invalid CRC sum, received = %04X, calculated = %04X", head_crc_sum, fulldata_crc_sum)
      cleanup()
      return
    end

    -- parse the received data string into an output table
    r.info = o_table(fulldata_str)
  end

  mutex("done")

  -- If the registry is empty the port was probed but Ventrilo wasn't detected
  if next(r) == nil then
    return
  end

  port.version.name = "ventrilo"
  port.version.name_confidence = 10
  port.version.product = "Ventrilo"
  port.version.version = r.info.version
  port.version.ostype = r.info.platform
  port.version.extrainfo = "; name: ".. r.info.name
  if port.protocol == "tcp" then
    port.version.extrainfo = "voice port" .. port.version.extrainfo
  else
    port.version.extrainfo = "status port" .. port.version.extrainfo
  end
  port.version.extrainfo = port.version.extrainfo .. "; uptime: " .. uptime_str(r.info.uptime)
  port.version.extrainfo = port.version.extrainfo .. "; auth: " .. auth_str(r.info.auth)

  nmap.set_port_version(host, port, "hardmatched")

  -- an output table for XML output and a custom string for normal output
  return r.info, o_str(r.info)
end