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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.SMB_NT_MS23_APR_5025288.NASL
HistoryApr 11, 2023 - 12:00 a.m.

KB5025288: Windows 8.1 Embedded and Windows Server 2012 R2 Security Update (April 2023)

2023-04-1100:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
211
windows server 2012 r2
security update
remote code execution
vulnerabilities
kb5025288
windows 8.1 embedded
cve-2023-28275
cve-2023-28250
cve-2023-21554
nessus scanner

0.951 High

EPSS

Percentile

99.3%

The remote Windows host is missing security update 5025288. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities

  • Microsoft WDAC OLE DB provider for SQL Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-28275)

  • Windows Pragmatic General Multicast (PGM) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-28250)

  • Microsoft Message Queuing Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-21554)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80900
##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.

#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from the Microsoft Security Updates API. The text
# itself is copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation.
##

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(174118);
  script_version("1.8");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/10/04");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2023-21554",
    "CVE-2023-21727",
    "CVE-2023-21729",
    "CVE-2023-21769",
    "CVE-2023-24883",
    "CVE-2023-24884",
    "CVE-2023-24885",
    "CVE-2023-24886",
    "CVE-2023-24887",
    "CVE-2023-24912",
    "CVE-2023-24924",
    "CVE-2023-24925",
    "CVE-2023-24926",
    "CVE-2023-24927",
    "CVE-2023-24928",
    "CVE-2023-24929",
    "CVE-2023-24931",
    "CVE-2023-28216",
    "CVE-2023-28217",
    "CVE-2023-28218",
    "CVE-2023-28219",
    "CVE-2023-28220",
    "CVE-2023-28222",
    "CVE-2023-28223",
    "CVE-2023-28224",
    "CVE-2023-28227",
    "CVE-2023-28228",
    "CVE-2023-28229",
    "CVE-2023-28231",
    "CVE-2023-28232",
    "CVE-2023-28236",
    "CVE-2023-28237",
    "CVE-2023-28238",
    "CVE-2023-28240",
    "CVE-2023-28241",
    "CVE-2023-28243",
    "CVE-2023-28244",
    "CVE-2023-28247",
    "CVE-2023-28249",
    "CVE-2023-28250",
    "CVE-2023-28252",
    "CVE-2023-28253",
    "CVE-2023-28254",
    "CVE-2023-28255",
    "CVE-2023-28256",
    "CVE-2023-28266",
    "CVE-2023-28267",
    "CVE-2023-28268",
    "CVE-2023-28269",
    "CVE-2023-28271",
    "CVE-2023-28272",
    "CVE-2023-28275",
    "CVE-2023-28276",
    "CVE-2023-28278",
    "CVE-2023-28293",
    "CVE-2023-28298",
    "CVE-2023-28302",
    "CVE-2023-28305",
    "CVE-2023-28306",
    "CVE-2023-28307",
    "CVE-2023-28308"
  );
  script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"5025285");
  script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"5025288");
  script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS23-5025285");
  script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS23-5025288");
  script_xref(name:"CISA-KNOWN-EXPLOITED", value:"2023/05/02");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2023-A-0188-S");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2023-A-0190-S");
  script_xref(name:"CISA-KNOWN-EXPLOITED", value:"2023/10/25");

  script_name(english:"KB5025288: Windows 8.1 Embedded and Windows Server 2012 R2 Security Update (April 2023)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Windows host is missing security update 5025288. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities

  - Microsoft WDAC OLE DB provider for SQL Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-28275)

  - Windows Pragmatic General Multicast (PGM) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-28250)

  - Microsoft Message Queuing Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-21554)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://support.microsoft.com/help/5025285");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://support.microsoft.com/help/5025288");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Apply Security Update 5025288 or Cumulative Update 5025285");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2023-28275");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss3_score_source", value:"CVE-2023-28250");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_core", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"metasploit_name", value:'Windows Common Log File System Driver (clfs.sys) Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability');
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_metasploit", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2023/04/11");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2023/04/11");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2023/04/11");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:microsoft:windows");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Windows : Microsoft Bulletins");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("smb_check_rollup.nasl", "smb_hotfixes.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
  script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
  script_require_ports(139, 445, "Host/patch_management_checks");

  exit(0);
}

include('smb_func.inc');
include('smb_hotfixes.inc');
include('smb_hotfixes_fcheck.inc');
include('smb_reg_query.inc');

get_kb_item_or_exit('SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible');

bulletin = 'MS23-04';
kbs = make_list(
  '5025288',
  '5025285'
);

if (get_kb_item('Host/patch_management_checks')) hotfix_check_3rd_party(bulletin:bulletin, kbs:kbs, severity:SECURITY_HOLE);

get_kb_item_or_exit('SMB/Registry/Enumerated');
get_kb_item_or_exit('SMB/WindowsVersion', exit_code:1);

if (hotfix_check_sp_range(win81:'0') <= 0) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);

# Win 8.1 (not Embedded) is EOS since Jan 10, 2023
var productname = get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/ProductName", exit_code:1);
if ("8.1" >< productname && "Embedded" >!< productname) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);

share = hotfix_get_systemdrive(as_share:TRUE, exit_on_fail:TRUE);
if (!is_accessible_share(share:share)) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);

if (
  smb_check_rollup(os:'6.3',
                   sp:0,
                   rollup_date:'04_2023',
                   bulletin:bulletin,
                   rollup_kb_list:[5025288, 5025285])
)
{
  replace_kb_item(name:'SMB/Missing/'+bulletin, value:TRUE);
  hotfix_security_hole();
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, hotfix_get_audit_report());
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
microsoftwindowscpe:/o:microsoft:windows

References