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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2021-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.SMB_NT_MS21_JAN_4598287.NASL
HistoryJan 12, 2021 - 12:00 a.m.

KB4598287: Windows Server 2008 January 2021 Security Update

2021-01-1200:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
22

8.8 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4598287 or cumulative update 4598288. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

  • A security feature bypass vulnerability exists. An attacker can exploit this and bypass the security feature and perform unauthorized actions compromising the integrity of the system/application. (CVE-2021-1678)

  • An information disclosure vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to disclose potentially sensitive information. (CVE-2021-1676, CVE-2021-1696, CVE-2021-1699, CVE-2021-1708)

  • A remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to bypass authentication and execute unauthorized arbitrary commands. (CVE-2021-1657, CVE-2021-1658, CVE-2021-1660, CVE-2021-1664, CVE-2021-1665, CVE-2021-1666, CVE-2021-1667, CVE-2021-1671, CVE-2021-1673, CVE-2021-1700, CVE-2021-1701)

  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to gain elevated privileges.
    (CVE-2021-1649, CVE-2021-1652, CVE-2021-1653, CVE-2021-1654, CVE-2021-1655, CVE-2021-1659, CVE-2021-1661, CVE-2021-1688, CVE-2021-1693, CVE-2021-1694, CVE-2021-1695, CVE-2021-1702, CVE-2021-1704, CVE-2021-1706, CVE-2021-1709)

  • A denial of service (DoS) vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this issue to cause the affected component to deny system or application services. (CVE-2021-1679)

#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were  
# extracted from the Microsoft Security Updates API. The text
# itself is copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation.
#

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(144878);
  script_version("1.9");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/01/30");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2021-1649",
    "CVE-2021-1652",
    "CVE-2021-1653",
    "CVE-2021-1654",
    "CVE-2021-1655",
    "CVE-2021-1657",
    "CVE-2021-1658",
    "CVE-2021-1659",
    "CVE-2021-1660",
    "CVE-2021-1661",
    "CVE-2021-1664",
    "CVE-2021-1665",
    "CVE-2021-1666",
    "CVE-2021-1667",
    "CVE-2021-1671",
    "CVE-2021-1673",
    "CVE-2021-1676",
    "CVE-2021-1678",
    "CVE-2021-1679",
    "CVE-2021-1688",
    "CVE-2021-1693",
    "CVE-2021-1694",
    "CVE-2021-1695",
    "CVE-2021-1696",
    "CVE-2021-1699",
    "CVE-2021-1700",
    "CVE-2021-1701",
    "CVE-2021-1702",
    "CVE-2021-1704",
    "CVE-2021-1706",
    "CVE-2021-1708",
    "CVE-2021-1709"
  );
  script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"4598287");
  script_xref(name:"MSKB", value:"4598288");
  script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS21-4598287");
  script_xref(name:"MSFT", value:"MS21-4598288");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2021-A-0023-S");
  script_xref(name:"CEA-ID", value:"CEA-2021-0001");

  script_name(english:"KB4598287: Windows Server 2008 January 2021 Security Update");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Windows host is missing security update 4598287
or cumulative update 4598288. It is, therefore, affected by
multiple vulnerabilities :

  - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists. An
    attacker can exploit this and bypass the security
    feature and perform unauthorized actions compromising
    the integrity of the system/application. (CVE-2021-1678)

  - An information disclosure vulnerability. An attacker can
    exploit this to disclose potentially sensitive
    information. (CVE-2021-1676, CVE-2021-1696,
    CVE-2021-1699, CVE-2021-1708)

  - A remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker can
    exploit this to bypass authentication and execute
    unauthorized arbitrary commands. (CVE-2021-1657,
    CVE-2021-1658, CVE-2021-1660, CVE-2021-1664,
    CVE-2021-1665, CVE-2021-1666, CVE-2021-1667,
    CVE-2021-1671, CVE-2021-1673, CVE-2021-1700,
    CVE-2021-1701)

  - An elevation of privilege vulnerability. An attacker can
    exploit this to gain elevated privileges.
    (CVE-2021-1649, CVE-2021-1652, CVE-2021-1653,
    CVE-2021-1654, CVE-2021-1655, CVE-2021-1659,
    CVE-2021-1661, CVE-2021-1688, CVE-2021-1693,
    CVE-2021-1694, CVE-2021-1695, CVE-2021-1702,
    CVE-2021-1704, CVE-2021-1706, CVE-2021-1709)

  - A denial of service (DoS) vulnerability. An attacker can
    exploit this issue to cause the affected component to
    deny system or application services. (CVE-2021-1679)");
  # https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4598287/windows-server-2008-update
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://www.nessus.org/u?71567e2d");
  # https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4598288/windows-server-2008-update
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://www.nessus.org/u?9cddaa00");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Apply Security Only update KB4598287 or Cumulative Update KB4598288.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2021-1706");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss3_score_source", value:"CVE-2021-1701");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2021/01/12");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2021/01/12");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2021/01/12");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:microsoft:windows");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Windows : Microsoft Bulletins");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2021-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("smb_check_rollup.nasl", "smb_hotfixes.nasl", "ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl");
  script_require_keys("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");
  script_require_ports(139, 445, "Host/patch_management_checks");

  exit(0);
}
include("audit.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes_fcheck.inc");
include("smb_hotfixes.inc");
include("smb_func.inc");
include("misc_func.inc");

get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible");

bulletin = "MS21-01";
kbs = make_list('4598287', '4598288');

if (get_kb_item("Host/patch_management_checks")) hotfix_check_3rd_party(bulletin:bulletin, kbs:kbs, severity:SECURITY_HOLE);

get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/Registry/Enumerated");
get_kb_item_or_exit("SMB/WindowsVersion", exit_code:1);

if (hotfix_check_sp_range(vista:'2') <= 0) audit(AUDIT_OS_SP_NOT_VULN);

share = hotfix_get_systemdrive(as_share:TRUE, exit_on_fail:TRUE);
if (!is_accessible_share(share:share)) audit(AUDIT_SHARE_FAIL, share);

if (
  smb_check_rollup(os:"6.0",
                   sp:2,
                   rollup_date:"01_2021",
                   bulletin:bulletin,
                   rollup_kb_list:[4598287, 4598288])
)
{
  replace_kb_item(name:'SMB/Missing/'+bulletin, value:TRUE);
  hotfix_security_hole();
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  hotfix_check_fversion_end();
  audit(AUDIT_HOST_NOT, hotfix_get_audit_report());
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
microsoftwindowscpe:/o:microsoft:windows

References