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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.ROCKY_LINUX_RLSA-2022-8554.NASL
HistoryNov 07, 2023 - 12:00 a.m.

Rocky Linux 8 : firefox (RLSA-2022:8554)

2023-11-0700:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
9
rocky linux 8
vulnerabilities
firefox esr
thunderbird
firefox
rlsa-2022:8554
cve-2022-45403
service workers
timing information
cross-origin responses
window.print()
use-after-free
exploitable crash
javascript realm
popup
fullscreen
use-after-free
garbage collector
samesite cookie protections
cross-site tracing
xss attack
http method override
resolving a symlink
keyboard events
prime+probe
security vulnerability

9.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

7.2 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.002 Low

EPSS

Percentile

52.5%

The remote Rocky Linux 8 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the RLSA-2022:8554 advisory.

  • Service Workers should not be able to infer information about opaque cross-origin responses; but timing information for cross-origin media combined with Range requests might have allowed them to determine the presence or length of a media file. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45403)

  • Through a series of popup and <code>window.print()</code> calls, an attacker can cause a window to go fullscreen without the user seeing the notification prompt, resulting in potential user confusion or spoofing attacks. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107.
    (CVE-2022-45404)

  • Freeing arbitrary <code>nsIInputStream</code>'s on a different thread than creation could have led to a use-after-free and potentially exploitable crash. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45405)

  • If an out-of-memory condition occurred when creating a JavaScript global, a JavaScript realm may be deleted while references to it lived on in a BaseShape. This could lead to a use-after-free causing a potentially exploitable crash. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45406)

  • Through a series of popups that reuse windowName, an attacker can cause a window to go fullscreen without the user seeing the notification prompt, resulting in potential user confusion or spoofing attacks. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45408)

  • The garbage collector could have been aborted in several states and zones and <code>GCRuntime::finishCollection</code> may not have been called, leading to a use-after-free and potentially exploitable crash. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45409)

  • When a ServiceWorker intercepted a request with <code>FetchEvent</code>, the origin of the request was lost after the ServiceWorker took ownership of it. This had the effect of negating SameSite cookie protections. This was addressed in the spec and then in browsers. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45410)

  • Cross-Site Tracing occurs when a server will echo a request back via the Trace method, allowing an XSS attack to access to authorization headers and cookies inaccessible to JavaScript (such as cookies protected by HTTPOnly). To mitigate this attack, browsers placed limits on <code>fetch()</code> and XMLHttpRequest; however some webservers have implemented non-standard headers such as <code>X-Http-Method- Override</code> that override the HTTP method, and made this attack possible again. Thunderbird has applied the same mitigations to the use of this and similar headers. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45411)

  • When resolving a symlink such as <code>file:///proc/self/fd/1</code>, an error message may be produced where the symlink was resolved to a string containing unitialized memory in the buffer. <br>This bug only affects Thunderbird on Unix-based operated systems (Android, Linux, MacOS). Windows is unaffected.. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45412)

  • Keyboard events reference strings like KeyA that were at fixed, known, and widely-spread addresses.
    Cache-based timing attacks such as Prime+Probe could have possibly figured out which keys were being pressed. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107.
    (CVE-2022-45416)

  • If a custom mouse cursor is specified in CSS, under certain circumstances the cursor could have been drawn over the browser UI, resulting in potential user confusion or spoofing attacks. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45418)

  • Use tables inside of an iframe, an attacker could have caused iframe contents to be rendered outside the boundaries of the iframe, resulting in potential user confusion or spoofing attacks. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45420)

  • Mozilla developers Andrew McCreight and Gabriele Svelto reported memory safety bugs present in Thunderbird 102.4. Some of these bugs showed evidence of memory corruption and we presume that with enough effort some of these could have been exploited to run arbitrary code. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45421)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80900
##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The package checks in this plugin were extracted from
# Rocky Linux Security Advisory RLSA-2022:8554.
##

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(184943);
  script_version("1.0");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/11/07");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2022-45403",
    "CVE-2022-45404",
    "CVE-2022-45405",
    "CVE-2022-45406",
    "CVE-2022-45408",
    "CVE-2022-45409",
    "CVE-2022-45410",
    "CVE-2022-45411",
    "CVE-2022-45412",
    "CVE-2022-45416",
    "CVE-2022-45418",
    "CVE-2022-45420",
    "CVE-2022-45421"
  );
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2022-A-0491-S");
  script_xref(name:"RLSA", value:"2022:8554");

  script_name(english:"Rocky Linux 8 : firefox (RLSA-2022:8554)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Rocky Linux host is missing one or more security updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Rocky Linux 8 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the
RLSA-2022:8554 advisory.

  - Service Workers should not be able to infer information about opaque cross-origin responses; but timing
    information for cross-origin media combined with Range requests might have allowed them to determine the
    presence or length of a media file. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5,
    and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45403)

  - Through a series of popup and <code>window.print()</code> calls, an attacker can cause a window to go
    fullscreen without the user seeing the notification prompt, resulting in potential user confusion or
    spoofing attacks. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107.
    (CVE-2022-45404)

  - Freeing arbitrary <code>nsIInputStream</code>'s on a different thread than creation could have led to a
    use-after-free and potentially exploitable crash. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5,
    Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45405)

  - If an out-of-memory condition occurred when creating a JavaScript global, a JavaScript realm may be
    deleted while references to it lived on in a BaseShape. This could lead to a use-after-free causing a
    potentially exploitable crash. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and
    Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45406)

  - Through a series of popups that reuse windowName, an attacker can cause a window to go fullscreen without
    the user seeing the notification prompt, resulting in potential user confusion or spoofing attacks. This
    vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45408)

  - The garbage collector could have been aborted in several states and zones and
    <code>GCRuntime::finishCollection</code> may not have been called, leading to a use-after-free and
    potentially exploitable crash. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and
    Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45409)

  - When a ServiceWorker intercepted a request with <code>FetchEvent</code>, the origin of the request was
    lost after the ServiceWorker took ownership of it. This had the effect of negating SameSite cookie
    protections. This was addressed in the spec and then in browsers. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR <
    102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45410)

  - Cross-Site Tracing occurs when a server will echo a request back via the Trace method, allowing an XSS
    attack to access to authorization headers and cookies inaccessible to JavaScript (such as cookies
    protected by HTTPOnly). To mitigate this attack, browsers placed limits on <code>fetch()</code> and
    XMLHttpRequest; however some webservers have implemented non-standard headers such as <code>X-Http-Method-
    Override</code> that override the HTTP method, and made this attack possible again. Thunderbird has
    applied the same mitigations to the use of this and similar headers. This vulnerability affects Firefox
    ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45411)

  - When resolving a symlink such as <code>file:///proc/self/fd/1</code>, an error message may be produced
    where the symlink was resolved to a string containing unitialized memory in the buffer. <br>*This bug only
    affects Thunderbird on Unix-based operated systems (Android, Linux, MacOS). Windows is unaffected.*. This
    vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45412)

  - Keyboard events reference strings like KeyA that were at fixed, known, and widely-spread addresses.
    Cache-based timing attacks such as Prime+Probe could have possibly figured out which keys were being
    pressed. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107.
    (CVE-2022-45416)

  - If a custom mouse cursor is specified in CSS, under certain circumstances the cursor could have been drawn
    over the browser UI, resulting in potential user confusion or spoofing attacks. This vulnerability affects
    Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45418)

  - Use tables inside of an iframe, an attacker could have caused iframe contents to be rendered outside the
    boundaries of the iframe, resulting in potential user confusion or spoofing attacks. This vulnerability
    affects Firefox ESR < 102.5, Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45420)

  - Mozilla developers Andrew McCreight and Gabriele Svelto reported memory safety bugs present in Thunderbird
    102.4. Some of these bugs showed evidence of memory corruption and we presume that with enough effort some
    of these could have been exploited to run arbitrary code. This vulnerability affects Firefox ESR < 102.5,
    Thunderbird < 102.5, and Firefox < 107. (CVE-2022-45421)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://errata.rockylinux.org/RLSA-2022:8554");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143197");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143198");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143199");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143200");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143201");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143202");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143203");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143204");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143205");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143240");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143241");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143242");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=2143243");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Update the affected firefox, firefox-debuginfo and / or firefox-debugsource packages.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:U/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-45421");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss3_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-45406");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"No known exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"false");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2022/11/15");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2022/11/21");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2023/11/07");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:rocky:linux:firefox");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:rocky:linux:firefox-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:rocky:linux:firefox-debugsource");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:rocky:linux:8");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"generated_plugin", value:"current");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Rocky Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/RockyLinux/release", "Host/RockyLinux/rpm-list", "Host/cpu");

  exit(0);
}


include('rpm.inc');

if (!get_kb_item('Host/local_checks_enabled')) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
var os_release = get_kb_item('Host/RockyLinux/release');
if (isnull(os_release) || 'Rocky Linux' >!< os_release) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Rocky Linux');
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "Rocky(?: Linux)? release ([0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)?)", string:os_release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, 'Rocky Linux');
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (! preg(pattern:"^8([^0-9]|$)", string:os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Rocky Linux 8.x', 'Rocky Linux ' + os_ver);

if (!get_kb_item('Host/RockyLinux/rpm-list')) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var cpu = get_kb_item('Host/cpu');
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && 's390' >!< cpu && 'aarch64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, 'Rocky Linux', cpu);

var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'firefox-102.5.0-1.el8_7', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'allowmaj':TRUE},
    {'reference':'firefox-102.5.0-1.el8_7', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'allowmaj':TRUE},
    {'reference':'firefox-debuginfo-102.5.0-1.el8_7', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'allowmaj':TRUE},
    {'reference':'firefox-debuginfo-102.5.0-1.el8_7', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'allowmaj':TRUE},
    {'reference':'firefox-debugsource-102.5.0-1.el8_7', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'allowmaj':TRUE},
    {'reference':'firefox-debugsource-102.5.0-1.el8_7', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'8', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'allowmaj':TRUE}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var _release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var _cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) _release = 'Rocky-' + package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) _cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && _release && (!exists_check || rpm_exists(release:_release, rpm:exists_check))) {
    if (rpm_check(release:_release, sp:sp, cpu:_cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_HOLE,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, 'firefox / firefox-debuginfo / firefox-debugsource');
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
rockylinuxfirefoxp-cpe:/a:rocky:linux:firefox
rockylinuxfirefox-debuginfop-cpe:/a:rocky:linux:firefox-debuginfo
rockylinuxfirefox-debugsourcep-cpe:/a:rocky:linux:firefox-debugsource
rockylinux8cpe:/o:rocky:linux:8

References

9.8 High

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

HIGH

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

7.2 High

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.002 Low

EPSS

Percentile

52.5%