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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2018-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.REDHAT-RHSA-2018-0036.NASL
HistoryJan 05, 2018 - 12:00 a.m.

RHEL 6 : microcode_ctl (RHSA-2018:0036) (Spectre)

2018-01-0500:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2018-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
21

CVSS2

1.9

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N

CVSS3

5.6

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

HIGH

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N

EPSS

0.975

Percentile

100.0%

An update for microcode_ctl is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.7 Extended Update Support.

Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact of Important. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section.

The microcode_ctl packages provide microcode updates for Intel and AMD processors.

Security Fix(es) :

  • An industry-wide issue was found in the way many modern microprocessor designs have implemented speculative execution of instructions (a commonly used performance optimization). There are three primary variants of the issue which differ in the way the speculative execution can be exploited. Variant CVE-2017-5715 triggers the speculative execution by utilizing branch target injection. It relies on the presence of a precisely-defined instruction sequence in the privileged code as well as the fact that memory accesses may cause allocation into the microprocessor’s data cache even for speculatively executed instructions that never actually commit (retire). As a result, an unprivileged attacker could use this flaw to cross the syscall and guest/host boundaries and read privileged memory by conducting targeted cache side-channel attacks. (CVE-2017-5715)

Note: This is the microcode counterpart of the CVE-2017-5715 kernel mitigation.

Red Hat would like to thank Google Project Zero for reporting this issue.

#
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were  
# extracted from Red Hat Security Advisory RHSA-2018:0036. The text 
# itself is copyright (C) Red Hat, Inc.
#

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(105606);
  script_version("3.17");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/08/11");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2017-5715");
  script_xref(name:"RHSA", value:"2018:0036");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2018-A-0020");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2018-A-0017-S");

  script_name(english:"RHEL 6 : microcode_ctl (RHSA-2018:0036) (Spectre)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Red Hat host is missing one or more security updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"An update for microcode_ctl is now available for Red Hat Enterprise
Linux 6.7 Extended Update Support.

Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security
impact of Important. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base
score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each
vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section.

The microcode_ctl packages provide microcode updates for Intel and AMD
processors.

Security Fix(es) :

* An industry-wide issue was found in the way many modern
microprocessor designs have implemented speculative execution of
instructions (a commonly used performance optimization). There are
three primary variants of the issue which differ in the way the
speculative execution can be exploited. Variant CVE-2017-5715 triggers
the speculative execution by utilizing branch target injection. It
relies on the presence of a precisely-defined instruction sequence in
the privileged code as well as the fact that memory accesses may cause
allocation into the microprocessor's data cache even for speculatively
executed instructions that never actually commit (retire). As a
result, an unprivileged attacker could use this flaw to cross the
syscall and guest/host boundaries and read privileged memory by
conducting targeted cache side-channel attacks. (CVE-2017-5715)

Note: This is the microcode counterpart of the CVE-2017-5715 kernel
mitigation.

Red Hat would like to thank Google Project Zero for reporting this
issue.");
  # https://access.redhat.com/security/vulnerabilities/speculativeexecution
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://www.nessus.org/u?892ef523");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/cve-2017-5715");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://access.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2018:0036");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Update the affected microcode_ctl and / or microcode_ctl-debuginfo
packages.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"in_the_news", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2018/01/04");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2018/01/04");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2018/01/05");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:redhat:enterprise_linux:microcode_ctl");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:redhat:enterprise_linux:microcode_ctl-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:6.7");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"generated_plugin", value:"current");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Red Hat Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2018-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/RedHat/release", "Host/RedHat/rpm-list", "Host/cpu");

  exit(0);
}


include("audit.inc");
include("global_settings.inc");
include("misc_func.inc");
include("rpm.inc");

if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
release = get_kb_item("Host/RedHat/release");
if (isnull(release) || "Red Hat" >!< release) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Red Hat");
os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux.*release ([0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)?)", string:release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, "Red Hat");
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (! preg(pattern:"^6\.7([^0-9]|$)", string:os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Red Hat 6.7", "Red Hat " + os_ver);

if (!get_kb_item("Host/RedHat/rpm-list")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

cpu = get_kb_item("Host/cpu");
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ("x86_64" >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && "s390" >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, "Red Hat", cpu);

yum_updateinfo = get_kb_item("Host/RedHat/yum-updateinfo");
if (!empty_or_null(yum_updateinfo)) 
{
  rhsa = "RHSA-2018:0036";
  yum_report = redhat_generate_yum_updateinfo_report(rhsa:rhsa);
  if (!empty_or_null(yum_report))
  {
    security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_NOTE,
      extra      : yum_report 
    );
    exit(0);
  }
  else
  {
    audit_message = "affected by Red Hat security advisory " + rhsa;
    audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, audit_message);
  }
}
else
{
  flag = 0;
  if (rpm_check(release:"RHEL6", sp:"7", cpu:"i686", reference:"microcode_ctl-1.17-20.1.el6_7")) flag++;
  if (rpm_check(release:"RHEL6", sp:"7", cpu:"x86_64", reference:"microcode_ctl-1.17-20.1.el6_7")) flag++;
  if (rpm_check(release:"RHEL6", sp:"7", cpu:"i686", reference:"microcode_ctl-debuginfo-1.17-20.1.el6_7")) flag++;
  if (rpm_check(release:"RHEL6", sp:"7", cpu:"x86_64", reference:"microcode_ctl-debuginfo-1.17-20.1.el6_7")) flag++;

  if (flag)
  {
    security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_NOTE,
      extra      : rpm_report_get() + redhat_report_package_caveat()
    );
    exit(0);
  }
  else
  {
    tested = pkg_tests_get();
    if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
    else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, "microcode_ctl / microcode_ctl-debuginfo");
  }
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
redhatenterprise_linuxmicrocode_ctlp-cpe:/a:redhat:enterprise_linux:microcode_ctl
redhatenterprise_linuxmicrocode_ctl-debuginfop-cpe:/a:redhat:enterprise_linux:microcode_ctl-debuginfo
redhatenterprise_linux6.7cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:6.7

CVSS2

1.9

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

MEDIUM

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

PARTIAL

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N

CVSS3

5.6

Attack Vector

LOCAL

Attack Complexity

HIGH

Privileges Required

LOW

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

CHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

HIGH

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N

EPSS

0.975

Percentile

100.0%