Lucene search

K
nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2018-2021 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.ORACLELINUX_ELSA-2018-4196.NASL
HistoryAug 15, 2018 - 12:00 a.m.

Oracle Linux 6 / 7 : Unbreakable Enterprise kernel (ELSA-2018-4196)

2018-08-1500:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2018-2021 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
185

CVSS2

7.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:C

CVSS3

7.5

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H

EPSS

0.017

Percentile

87.7%

The remote Oracle Linux 6 / 7 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ELSA-2018-4196 advisory.

  • Systems with microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and address translations may allow unauthorized disclosure of information residing in the L1 data cache to an attacker with local user access via a terminal page fault and a side-channel analysis. (CVE-2018-3620)

  • The timer_create syscall implementation in kernel/time/posix-timers.c in the Linux kernel before 4.14.8 doesnโ€™t properly validate the sigevent->sigev_notify field, which leads to out-of-bounds access in the show_timer function (called when /proc/$PID/timers is read). This allows userspace applications to read arbitrary kernel memory (on a kernel built with CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS and CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE).
    (CVE-2017-18344)

  • Systems with microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and address translations may allow unauthorized disclosure of information residing in the L1 data cache to an attacker with local user access with guest OS privilege via a terminal page fault and a side-channel analysis. (CVE-2018-3646)

  • The Linux kernel, versions 3.9+, is vulnerable to a denial of service attack with low rates of specially modified packets targeting IP fragment re-assembly. An attacker may cause a denial of service condition by sending specially crafted IP fragments. Various vulnerabilities in IP fragmentation have been discovered and fixed over the years. The current vulnerability (CVE-2018-5391) became exploitable in the Linux kernel with the increase of the IP fragment reassembly queue size. (CVE-2018-5391)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the applicationโ€™s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 70300
##
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Oracle Linux Security Advisory ELSA-2018-4196.
##

include('deprecated_nasl_level.inc');
include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(111726);
  script_version("1.14");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2021/09/08");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2017-18344", "CVE-2018-3620", "CVE-2018-3646");

  script_name(english:"Oracle Linux 6 / 7 : Unbreakable Enterprise kernel (ELSA-2018-4196)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Oracle Linux host is missing one or more security updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Oracle Linux 6 / 7 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in
the ELSA-2018-4196 advisory.

  - Systems with microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and address translations may allow
    unauthorized disclosure of information residing in the L1 data cache to an attacker with local user access
    via a terminal page fault and a side-channel analysis. (CVE-2018-3620)

  - The timer_create syscall implementation in kernel/time/posix-timers.c in the Linux kernel before 4.14.8
    doesn't properly validate the sigevent->sigev_notify field, which leads to out-of-bounds access in the
    show_timer function (called when /proc/$PID/timers is read). This allows userspace applications to read
    arbitrary kernel memory (on a kernel built with CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS and CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE).
    (CVE-2017-18344)

  - Systems with microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and address translations may allow
    unauthorized disclosure of information residing in the L1 data cache to an attacker with local user access
    with guest OS privilege via a terminal page fault and a side-channel analysis. (CVE-2018-3646)

  - The Linux kernel, versions 3.9+, is vulnerable to a denial of service attack with low rates of specially
    modified packets targeting IP fragment re-assembly. An attacker may cause a denial of service condition by
    sending specially crafted IP fragments. Various vulnerabilities in IP fragmentation have been discovered
    and fixed over the years. The current vulnerability (CVE-2018-5391) became exploitable in the Linux kernel
    with the increase of the IP fragment reassembly queue size. (CVE-2018-5391)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://linux.oracle.com/errata/ELSA-2018-4196.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Update the affected packages.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:N/A:N");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:F/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:F/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2018-3646");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_malware", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_canvas", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"canvas_package", value:"CANVAS");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2018/01/25");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2018/08/14");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2018/08/15");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:oracle:linux:6");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:oracle:linux:7");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-debug");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-debug-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-doc");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-firmware");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Oracle Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2018-2021 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("linux_alt_patch_detect.nasl", "ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/OracleLinux", "Host/RedHat/release", "Host/RedHat/rpm-list", "Host/local_checks_enabled");

  exit(0);
}


include('audit.inc');
include('global_settings.inc');
include('ksplice.inc');
include('rpm.inc');

if (!get_kb_item('Host/local_checks_enabled')) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
if (!get_kb_item('Host/OracleLinux')) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux');
var release = get_kb_item("Host/RedHat/release");
if (isnull(release) || !pregmatch(pattern: "Oracle (?:Linux Server|Enterprise Linux)", string:release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux');
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "Oracle (?:Linux Server|Enterprise Linux) .*release ([0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)?)", string:release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, 'Oracle Linux');
var os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (! preg(pattern:"^(6|7)([^0-9]|$)", string:os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Oracle Linux 6 / 7', 'Oracle Linux ' + os_ver);

if (!get_kb_item('Host/RedHat/rpm-list')) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var cpu = get_kb_item('Host/cpu');
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && 'aarch64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, 'Oracle Linux', cpu);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_ARCH_NOT, 'x86_64', cpu);

var machine_uptrack_level = get_one_kb_item('Host/uptrack-uname-r');
if (machine_uptrack_level)
{
  var trimmed_uptrack_level = ereg_replace(string:machine_uptrack_level, pattern:"\.(x86_64|i[3-6]86|aarch64)$", replace:'');
  var fixed_uptrack_levels = ['4.1.12-124.18.5.el6uek', '4.1.12-124.18.5.el7uek'];
  foreach var fixed_uptrack_level ( fixed_uptrack_levels ) {
    if (rpm_spec_vers_cmp(a:trimmed_uptrack_level, b:fixed_uptrack_level) >= 0)
    {
      audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, 'KSplice hotfix for ELSA-2018-4196');
    }
  }
  __rpm_report = 'Running KSplice level of ' + trimmed_uptrack_level + ' does not meet the minimum fixed level of ' + join(fixed_uptrack_levels, sep:' / ') + ' for this advisory.\n\n';
}

var kernel_major_minor = get_kb_item('Host/uname/major_minor');
if (empty_or_null(kernel_major_minor)) exit(1, 'Unable to determine kernel major-minor level.');
var expected_kernel_major_minor = '4.1';
if (kernel_major_minor != expected_kernel_major_minor)
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'running kernel level ' + expected_kernel_major_minor + ', it is running kernel level ' + kernel_major_minor);

var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-4.1.12-124.18.5.el6uek', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'6', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-debug-4.1.12-124.18.5.el6uek', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'6', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-debug-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-debug-devel-4.1.12-124.18.5.el6uek', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'6', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-debug-devel-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-devel-4.1.12-124.18.5.el6uek', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'6', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-devel-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-doc-4.1.12-124.18.5.el6uek', 'release':'6', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-doc-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-firmware-4.1.12-124.18.5.el6uek', 'release':'6', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-firmware-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-4.1.12-124.18.5.el7uek', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'7', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-debug-4.1.12-124.18.5.el7uek', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'7', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-debug-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-debug-devel-4.1.12-124.18.5.el7uek', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'7', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-debug-devel-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-devel-4.1.12-124.18.5.el7uek', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'7', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-devel-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-doc-4.1.12-124.18.5.el7uek', 'release':'7', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-doc-4.1.12'},
    {'reference':'kernel-uek-firmware-4.1.12-124.18.5.el7uek', 'release':'7', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-uek-firmware-4.1.12'}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) release = 'EL' + package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && release) {
    if (exists_check) {
        if (rpm_exists(release:release, rpm:exists_check) && rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
    } else {
        if (rpm_check(release:release, sp:sp, cpu:cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
    }
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_WARNING,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, 'kernel-uek / kernel-uek-debug / kernel-uek-debug-devel / etc');
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
oraclelinux6cpe:/o:oracle:linux:6
oraclelinux7cpe:/o:oracle:linux:7
oraclelinuxkernel-uekp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek
oraclelinuxkernel-uek-debugp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-debug
oraclelinuxkernel-uek-debug-develp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-debug-devel
oraclelinuxkernel-uek-develp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-devel
oraclelinuxkernel-uek-docp-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-doc
oraclelinuxkernel-uek-firmwarep-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:kernel-uek-firmware

CVSS2

7.8

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Authentication

NONE

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

COMPLETE

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:C

CVSS3

7.5

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

NONE

Availability Impact

HIGH

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H

EPSS

0.017

Percentile

87.7%