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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.FEDORA_2024-1EF6197A49.NASL
HistoryJan 11, 2024 - 12:00 a.m.

Fedora 39 : exim (2024-1ef6197a49)

2024-01-1100:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
11
fedora 39 package
exim 4.97.1
smtp smuggling
spf protection
remote attackers
vulnerabilities

5.3 Medium

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

LOW

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N

5.3 Medium

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.003 Low

EPSS

Percentile

68.3%

The remote Fedora 39 host has a package installed that is affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the FEDORA-2024-1ef6197a49 advisory.

  • Exim before 4.97.1 allows SMTP smuggling in certain PIPELINING/CHUNKING configurations. Remote attackers can use a published exploitation technique to inject e-mail messages with a spoofed MAIL FROM address, allowing bypass of an SPF protection mechanism. This occurs because Exim supports <LF>.<CR><LF> but some other popular e-mail servers do not. (CVE-2023-51766)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80900
##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
##
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Fedora Security Advisory FEDORA-2024-1ef6197a49
#

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(187963);
  script_version("1.1");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/02/02");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2023-51766");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2024-A-0002");
  script_xref(name:"FEDORA", value:"2024-1ef6197a49");

  script_name(english:"Fedora 39 : exim (2024-1ef6197a49)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Fedora host is missing one or more security updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Fedora 39 host has a package installed that is affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the
FEDORA-2024-1ef6197a49 advisory.

  - Exim before 4.97.1 allows SMTP smuggling in certain PIPELINING/CHUNKING configurations. Remote attackers
    can use a published exploitation technique to inject e-mail messages with a spoofed MAIL FROM address,
    allowing bypass of an SPF protection mechanism. This occurs because Exim supports <LF>.<CR><LF> but some
    other popular e-mail servers do not. (CVE-2023-51766)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bodhi.fedoraproject.org/updates/FEDORA-2024-1ef6197a49");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Update the affected exim package.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2023-51766");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2023/12/24");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2024/01/03");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2024/01/11");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:fedoraproject:fedora:39");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:fedoraproject:fedora:exim");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"generated_plugin", value:"current");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Fedora Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/RedHat/release", "Host/RedHat/rpm-list");

  exit(0);
}


include('rpm.inc');

if (!get_kb_item('Host/local_checks_enabled')) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
var os_release = get_kb_item('Host/RedHat/release');
if (isnull(os_release) || 'Fedora' >!< os_release) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Fedora');
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "Fedora.*release ([0-9]+)", string:os_release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, 'Fedora');
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (! preg(pattern:"^39([^0-9]|$)", string:os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Fedora 39', 'Fedora ' + os_ver);

if (!get_kb_item('Host/RedHat/rpm-list')) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var cpu = get_kb_item('Host/cpu');
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && 's390' >!< cpu && 'aarch64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, 'Fedora', cpu);

var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'exim-4.97.1-1.fc39', 'release':'FC39', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var _release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var _cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) _release = package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) _cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (reference && _release) {
    if (rpm_check(release:_release, sp:sp, cpu:_cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_WARNING,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, 'exim');
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
fedoraprojectfedora39cpe:/o:fedoraproject:fedora:39
fedoraprojectfedoraeximp-cpe:/a:fedoraproject:fedora:exim

5.3 Medium

CVSS3

Attack Vector

NETWORK

Attack Complexity

LOW

Privileges Required

NONE

User Interaction

NONE

Scope

UNCHANGED

Confidentiality Impact

NONE

Integrity Impact

LOW

Availability Impact

NONE

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N

5.3 Medium

AI Score

Confidence

High

0.003 Low

EPSS

Percentile

68.3%