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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2023-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.DEBIAN_DLA-3390.NASL
HistoryApr 12, 2023 - 12:00 a.m.

Debian DLA-3390-1 : zabbix - LTS security update

2023-04-1200:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2023-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
16
debian
zabbix
lts
security
update
vulnerabilities
user enumeration
xss
csrf
protection

AI Score

6.1

Confidence

Low

EPSS

0.079

Percentile

94.3%

The remote Debian 10 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the dla-3390 advisory.

  • Zabbix through 4.4.0alpha1 allows User Enumeration. With login requests, it is possible to enumerate application usernames based on the variability of server responses (e.g., the Login name or password is incorrect and No permissions for system access messages, or just blocking for a number of seconds).
    This affects both api_jsonrpc.php and index.php. (CVE-2019-15132)

  • Zabbix before 3.0.32rc1, 4.x before 4.0.22rc1, 4.1.x through 4.4.x before 4.4.10rc1, and 5.x before 5.0.2rc1 allows stored XSS in the URL Widget. (CVE-2020-15803)

  • In Zabbix from 4.0.x before 4.0.28rc1, 5.0.0alpha1 before 5.0.10rc1, 5.2.x before 5.2.6rc1, and 5.4.0alpha1 before 5.4.0beta2, the CControllerAuthenticationUpdate controller lacks a CSRF protection mechanism. The code inside this controller calls diableSIDValidation inside the init() method. An attacker doesn’t have to know Zabbix user login credentials, but has to know the correct Zabbix URL and contact information of an existing user with sufficient privileges. (CVE-2021-27927)

  • An authenticated user can create a link with reflected XSS payload for actions’ pages, and send it to other users. Malicious code has access to all the same objects as the rest of the web page and can make arbitrary modifications to the contents of the page being displayed to a victim. This attack can be implemented with the help of social engineering and expiration of a number of factors - an attacker should have authorized access to the Zabbix Frontend and allowed network connection between a malicious server and victim’s computer, understand attacked infrastructure, be recognized by the victim as a trustee and use trusted communication channel. (CVE-2022-24349)

  • An authenticated user can create a link with reflected Javascript code inside it for services’ page and send it to other users. The payload can be executed only with a known CSRF token value of the victim, which is changed periodically and is difficult to predict. Malicious code has access to all the same objects as the rest of the web page and can make arbitrary modifications to the contents of the page being displayed to a victim during social engineering attacks. (CVE-2022-24917)

  • An authenticated user can create a link with reflected Javascript code inside it for graphs’ page and send it to other users. The payload can be executed only with a known CSRF token value of the victim, which is changed periodically and is difficult to predict. Malicious code has access to all the same objects as the rest of the web page and can make arbitrary modifications to the contents of the page being displayed to a victim during social engineering attacks. (CVE-2022-24919)

  • An authenticated user can create a link with reflected Javascript code inside it for the graphs page and send it to other users. The payload can be executed only with a known CSRF token value of the victim, which is changed periodically and is difficult to predict. (CVE-2022-35230)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80900
#
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Debian Security Advisory dla-3390. The text
# itself is copyright (C) Software in the Public Interest, Inc.
#

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(174179);
  script_version("1.1");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2024/01/16");

  script_cve_id(
    "CVE-2019-15132",
    "CVE-2020-15803",
    "CVE-2021-27927",
    "CVE-2022-24349",
    "CVE-2022-24917",
    "CVE-2022-24919",
    "CVE-2022-35230"
  );

  script_name(english:"Debian DLA-3390-1 : zabbix - LTS security update");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Debian host is missing one or more security-related updates.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The remote Debian 10 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the
dla-3390 advisory.

  - Zabbix through 4.4.0alpha1 allows User Enumeration. With login requests, it is possible to enumerate
    application usernames based on the variability of server responses (e.g., the Login name or password is
    incorrect and No permissions for system access messages, or just blocking for a number of seconds).
    This affects both api_jsonrpc.php and index.php. (CVE-2019-15132)

  - Zabbix before 3.0.32rc1, 4.x before 4.0.22rc1, 4.1.x through 4.4.x before 4.4.10rc1, and 5.x before
    5.0.2rc1 allows stored XSS in the URL Widget. (CVE-2020-15803)

  - In Zabbix from 4.0.x before 4.0.28rc1, 5.0.0alpha1 before 5.0.10rc1, 5.2.x before 5.2.6rc1, and
    5.4.0alpha1 before 5.4.0beta2, the CControllerAuthenticationUpdate controller lacks a CSRF protection
    mechanism. The code inside this controller calls diableSIDValidation inside the init() method. An attacker
    doesn't have to know Zabbix user login credentials, but has to know the correct Zabbix URL and contact
    information of an existing user with sufficient privileges. (CVE-2021-27927)

  - An authenticated user can create a link with reflected XSS payload for actions' pages, and send it to
    other users. Malicious code has access to all the same objects as the rest of the web page and can make
    arbitrary modifications to the contents of the page being displayed to a victim. This attack can be
    implemented with the help of social engineering and expiration of a number of factors - an attacker should
    have authorized access to the Zabbix Frontend and allowed network connection between a malicious server
    and victim's computer, understand attacked infrastructure, be recognized by the victim as a trustee and
    use trusted communication channel. (CVE-2022-24349)

  - An authenticated user can create a link with reflected Javascript code inside it for services' page and
    send it to other users. The payload can be executed only with a known CSRF token value of the victim,
    which is changed periodically and is difficult to predict. Malicious code has access to all the same
    objects as the rest of the web page and can make arbitrary modifications to the contents of the page being
    displayed to a victim during social engineering attacks. (CVE-2022-24917)

  - An authenticated user can create a link with reflected Javascript code inside it for graphs' page and send
    it to other users. The payload can be executed only with a known CSRF token value of the victim, which is
    changed periodically and is difficult to predict. Malicious code has access to all the same objects as the
    rest of the web page and can make arbitrary modifications to the contents of the page being displayed to a
    victim during social engineering attacks. (CVE-2022-24919)

  - An authenticated user can create a link with reflected Javascript code inside it for the graphs page and
    send it to other users. The payload can be executed only with a known CSRF token value of the victim,
    which is changed periodically and is difficult to predict. (CVE-2022-35230)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=935027");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/source-package/zabbix");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://www.debian.org/lts/security/2023/dla-3390");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2019-15132");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2020-15803");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2021-27927");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2022-24349");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2022-24917");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2022-24919");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2022-35230");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://packages.debian.org/source/buster/zabbix");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Upgrade the zabbix packages.

For Debian 10 buster, these problems have been fixed in version 1");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:U/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2021-27927");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"No known exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"false");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2019/08/17");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2023/04/12");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2023/04/12");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-agent");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-frontend-php");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-java-gateway");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-proxy-mysql");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-proxy-pgsql");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-proxy-sqlite3");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-server-mysql");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-server-pgsql");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:debian:debian_linux:10.0");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"generated_plugin", value:"former");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Debian Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2023-2024 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/Debian/release", "Host/Debian/dpkg-l");

  exit(0);
}

include('debian_package.inc');

if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);
if (!get_kb_item("Host/Debian/dpkg-l")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var debian_release = get_kb_item('Host/Debian/release');
if ( isnull(debian_release) ) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Debian');
debian_release = chomp(debian_release);
if (! preg(pattern:"^(10)\.[0-9]+", string:debian_release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, 'Debian 10.0', 'Debian ' + debian_release);
var cpu = get_kb_item('Host/cpu');
if (isnull(cpu)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_ARCH);
if ('x86_64' >!< cpu && cpu !~ "^i[3-6]86$" && 'aarch64' >!< cpu) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, 'Debian', cpu);

var pkgs = [
    {'release': '10.0', 'prefix': 'zabbix-agent', 'reference': '1:4.0.4+dfsg-1+deb10u1'},
    {'release': '10.0', 'prefix': 'zabbix-frontend-php', 'reference': '1:4.0.4+dfsg-1+deb10u1'},
    {'release': '10.0', 'prefix': 'zabbix-java-gateway', 'reference': '1:4.0.4+dfsg-1+deb10u1'},
    {'release': '10.0', 'prefix': 'zabbix-proxy-mysql', 'reference': '1:4.0.4+dfsg-1+deb10u1'},
    {'release': '10.0', 'prefix': 'zabbix-proxy-pgsql', 'reference': '1:4.0.4+dfsg-1+deb10u1'},
    {'release': '10.0', 'prefix': 'zabbix-proxy-sqlite3', 'reference': '1:4.0.4+dfsg-1+deb10u1'},
    {'release': '10.0', 'prefix': 'zabbix-server-mysql', 'reference': '1:4.0.4+dfsg-1+deb10u1'},
    {'release': '10.0', 'prefix': 'zabbix-server-pgsql', 'reference': '1:4.0.4+dfsg-1+deb10u1'}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var _release = NULL;
  var prefix = NULL;
  var reference = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) _release = package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['prefix'])) prefix = package_array['prefix'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (_release && prefix && reference) {
    if (deb_check(release:_release, prefix:prefix, reference:reference)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
    port       : 0,
    severity   : SECURITY_WARNING,
    extra      : deb_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = deb_pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, 'zabbix-agent / zabbix-frontend-php / zabbix-java-gateway / etc');
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
debiandebian_linuxzabbix-agentp-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-agent
debiandebian_linuxzabbix-frontend-phpp-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-frontend-php
debiandebian_linuxzabbix-java-gatewayp-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-java-gateway
debiandebian_linuxzabbix-proxy-mysqlp-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-proxy-mysql
debiandebian_linuxzabbix-proxy-pgsqlp-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-proxy-pgsql
debiandebian_linuxzabbix-proxy-sqlite3p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-proxy-sqlite3
debiandebian_linuxzabbix-server-mysqlp-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-server-mysql
debiandebian_linuxzabbix-server-pgsqlp-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:zabbix-server-pgsql
debiandebian_linux10.0cpe:/o:debian:debian_linux:10.0

References