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This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.AL2_ALASKERNEL-5_4-2022-022.NASL
HistoryMay 02, 2022 - 12:00 a.m.

Amazon Linux 2 : kernel (ALASKERNEL-5.4-2022-022)

2022-05-0200:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
24

8.4 High

AI Score

Confidence

Low

The version of kernel installed on the remote host is prior to 5.4.176-91.338. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2KERNEL-5.4-2022-022 advisory.

  • A random memory access flaw was found in the Linux kernelโ€™s GPU i915 kernel driver functionality in the way a user may run malicious code on the GPU. This flaw allows a local user to crash the system or escalate their privileges on the system. (CVE-2022-0330)

  • A vulnerability was found in the Linux kernelโ€™s cgroup_release_agent_write in the kernel/cgroup/cgroup-v1.c function. This flaw, under certain circumstances, allows the use of the cgroups v1 release_agent feature to escalate privileges and bypass the namespace isolation unexpectedly.
    (CVE-2022-0492)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the applicationโ€™s self-reported version number.

##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Amazon Linux 2 Security Advisory ALASKERNEL-5.4-2022-022.
##

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(160452);
  script_version("1.8");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/12/07");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2022-0330", "CVE-2022-0492");

  script_name(english:"Amazon Linux 2 : kernel (ALASKERNEL-5.4-2022-022)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Amazon Linux 2 host is missing a security update.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The version of kernel installed on the remote host is prior to 5.4.176-91.338. It is, therefore, affected by multiple
vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2KERNEL-5.4-2022-022 advisory.

  - A random memory access flaw was found in the Linux kernel's GPU i915 kernel driver functionality in the
    way a user may run malicious code on the GPU. This flaw allows a local user to crash the system or
    escalate their privileges on the system. (CVE-2022-0330)

  - A vulnerability was found in the Linux kernel's cgroup_release_agent_write in the
    kernel/cgroup/cgroup-v1.c function. This flaw, under certain circumstances, allows the use of the cgroups
    v1 release_agent feature to escalate privileges and bypass the namespace isolation unexpectedly.
    (CVE-2022-0492)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/AL2/ALASKERNEL-5.4-2022-022.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-0330.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-0492.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Run 'yum update kernel' to update your system.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:F/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:F/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2022-0492");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"metasploit_name", value:'Docker cgroups Container Escape');
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_framework_metasploit", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2022/02/04");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2022/02/04");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2022/05/02");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-devel");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python-perf");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python-perf-debuginfo");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Amazon Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2022-2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("kpatch.nasl", "ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/AmazonLinux/release", "Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list");

  exit(0);
}

include("rpm.inc");
include("hotfixes.inc");

if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);

var alas_release = get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/release");
if (isnull(alas_release) || !strlen(alas_release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux");
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "^AL(A|\d+|-\d+)", string:alas_release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, "Amazon Linux");
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (os_ver != "2")
{
  if (os_ver == 'A') os_ver = 'AMI';
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux 2", "Amazon Linux " + os_ver);
}

if (!get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

if (get_one_kb_item("Host/kpatch/kernel-cves"))
{
  set_hotfix_type("kpatch");
  var cve_list = make_list("CVE-2022-0330", "CVE-2022-0492");
  if (hotfix_cves_check(cve_list))
  {
    audit(AUDIT_PATCH_INSTALLED, "kpatch hotfix for ALASKERNEL-5.4-2022-022");
  }
  else
  {
    __rpm_report = hotfix_reporting_text();
  }
}
var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'bpftool-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'bpftool-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'bpftool-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'bpftool-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-devel-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'i686', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-headers-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-devel-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'kernel-tools-devel-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'perf-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'perf-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'perf-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'perf-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'python-perf-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'python-perf-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'python-perf-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'aarch64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'},
    {'reference':'python-perf-debuginfo-5.4.176-91.338.amzn2', 'cpu':'x86_64', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE, 'exists_check':'kernel-5.4'}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var _release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var _cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) _release = package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) _cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && _release && (!exists_check || rpm_exists(release:_release, rpm:exists_check))) {
    if (rpm_check(release:_release, sp:sp, cpu:_cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_WARNING,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, "bpftool / bpftool-debuginfo / kernel / etc");
}
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