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nessusThis script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.AL2_ALAS-2023-2047.NASL
HistoryMay 17, 2023 - 12:00 a.m.

Amazon Linux 2 : tomcat (ALAS-2023-2047)

2023-05-1700:00:00
This script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.
www.tenable.com
15
amazon linux 2
apache tomcat
vulnerabilities
remote lifecycle listener
jmx interface
cve-2019-12418
form authentication
session fixation
cve-2019-17563
websocket frame
denial of service
cve-2020-13935
nessus scanner

0.148 Low

EPSS

Percentile

95.8%

The version of tomcat installed on the remote host is prior to 7.0.76-10. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2-2023-2047 advisory.

  • When Apache Tomcat 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.28, 8.5.0 to 8.5.47, 7.0.0 and 7.0.97 is configured with the JMX Remote Lifecycle Listener, a local attacker without access to the Tomcat process or configuration files is able to manipulate the RMI registry to perform a man-in-the-middle attack to capture user names and passwords used to access the JMX interface. The attacker can then use these credentials to access the JMX interface and gain complete control over the Tomcat instance. (CVE-2019-12418)

  • When using FORM authentication with Apache Tomcat 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.29, 8.5.0 to 8.5.49 and 7.0.0 to 7.0.98 there was a narrow window where an attacker could perform a session fixation attack. The window was considered too narrow for an exploit to be practical but, erring on the side of caution, this issue has been treated as a security vulnerability. (CVE-2019-17563)

  • The payload length in a WebSocket frame was not correctly validated in Apache Tomcat 10.0.0-M1 to 10.0.0-M6, 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.36, 8.5.0 to 8.5.56 and 7.0.27 to 7.0.104. Invalid payload lengths could trigger an infinite loop. Multiple requests with invalid payload lengths could lead to a denial of service. (CVE-2020-13935)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application’s self-reported version number.

#%NASL_MIN_LEVEL 80900
##
# (C) Tenable, Inc.
#
# The descriptive text and package checks in this plugin were
# extracted from Amazon Linux 2 Security Advisory ALAS-2023-2047.
##

include('compat.inc');

if (description)
{
  script_id(175945);
  script_version("1.2");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_modification_date", value:"2023/05/23");

  script_cve_id("CVE-2019-12418", "CVE-2019-17563", "CVE-2020-13935");
  script_xref(name:"IAVA", value:"2020-A-0316-S");
  script_xref(name:"CEA-ID", value:"CEA-2021-0004");

  script_name(english:"Amazon Linux 2 : tomcat (ALAS-2023-2047)");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"synopsis", value:
"The remote Amazon Linux 2 host is missing a security update.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"description", value:
"The version of tomcat installed on the remote host is prior to 7.0.76-10. It is, therefore, affected by multiple
vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2-2023-2047 advisory.

  - When Apache Tomcat 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.28, 8.5.0 to 8.5.47, 7.0.0 and 7.0.97 is configured with the JMX Remote
    Lifecycle Listener, a local attacker without access to the Tomcat process or configuration files is able
    to manipulate the RMI registry to perform a man-in-the-middle attack to capture user names and passwords
    used to access the JMX interface. The attacker can then use these credentials to access the JMX interface
    and gain complete control over the Tomcat instance. (CVE-2019-12418)

  - When using FORM authentication with Apache Tomcat 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.29, 8.5.0 to 8.5.49 and 7.0.0 to 7.0.98
    there was a narrow window where an attacker could perform a session fixation attack. The window was
    considered too narrow for an exploit to be practical but, erring on the side of caution, this issue has
    been treated as a security vulnerability. (CVE-2019-17563)

  - The payload length in a WebSocket frame was not correctly validated in Apache Tomcat 10.0.0-M1 to
    10.0.0-M6, 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.36, 8.5.0 to 8.5.56 and 7.0.27 to 7.0.104. Invalid payload lengths could
    trigger an infinite loop. Multiple requests with invalid payload lengths could lead to a denial of
    service. (CVE-2020-13935)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version
number.");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/AL2/ALAS-2023-2047.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2019-12418.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2019-17563.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2020-13935.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"see_also", value:"https://alas.aws.amazon.com/faqs.html");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"solution", value:
"Run 'yum update tomcat' to update your system.");
  script_set_cvss_base_vector("CVSS2#AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P");
  script_set_cvss_temporal_vector("CVSS2#E:F/RL:OF/RC:C");
  script_set_cvss3_base_vector("CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H");
  script_set_cvss3_temporal_vector("CVSS:3.0/E:F/RL:O/RC:C");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cvss_score_source", value:"CVE-2019-17563");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploitability_ease", value:"Exploits are available");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"exploit_available", value:"true");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"vuln_publication_date", value:"2019/12/23");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"patch_publication_date", value:"2023/05/11");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_publication_date", value:"2023/05/17");

  script_set_attribute(attribute:"plugin_type", value:"local");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-admin-webapps");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-docs-webapp");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-el-2.2-api");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-javadoc");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-jsp-2.2-api");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-jsvc");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-lib");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-servlet-3.0-api");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-webapps");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"cpe", value:"cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"generated_plugin", value:"current");
  script_set_attribute(attribute:"stig_severity", value:"I");
  script_end_attributes();

  script_category(ACT_GATHER_INFO);
  script_family(english:"Amazon Linux Local Security Checks");

  script_copyright(english:"This script is Copyright (C) 2023 and is owned by Tenable, Inc. or an Affiliate thereof.");

  script_dependencies("ssh_get_info.nasl");
  script_require_keys("Host/local_checks_enabled", "Host/AmazonLinux/release", "Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list");

  exit(0);
}

include("rpm.inc");

if (!get_kb_item("Host/local_checks_enabled")) audit(AUDIT_LOCAL_CHECKS_NOT_ENABLED);

var alas_release = get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/release");
if (isnull(alas_release) || !strlen(alas_release)) audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux");
var os_ver = pregmatch(pattern: "^AL(A|\d+|-\d+)", string:alas_release);
if (isnull(os_ver)) audit(AUDIT_UNKNOWN_APP_VER, "Amazon Linux");
os_ver = os_ver[1];
if (os_ver != "2")
{
  if (os_ver == 'A') os_ver = 'AMI';
  audit(AUDIT_OS_NOT, "Amazon Linux 2", "Amazon Linux " + os_ver);
}

if (!get_kb_item("Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list")) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_LIST_MISSING);

var pkgs = [
    {'reference':'tomcat-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-admin-webapps-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-docs-webapp-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-el-2.2-api-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-javadoc-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-jsp-2.2-api-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-jsvc-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-lib-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-servlet-3.0-api-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE},
    {'reference':'tomcat-webapps-7.0.76-10.amzn2.0.4', 'release':'AL2', 'rpm_spec_vers_cmp':TRUE}
];

var flag = 0;
foreach var package_array ( pkgs ) {
  var reference = NULL;
  var _release = NULL;
  var sp = NULL;
  var _cpu = NULL;
  var el_string = NULL;
  var rpm_spec_vers_cmp = NULL;
  var epoch = NULL;
  var allowmaj = NULL;
  var exists_check = NULL;
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['reference'])) reference = package_array['reference'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['release'])) _release = package_array['release'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['sp'])) sp = package_array['sp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['cpu'])) _cpu = package_array['cpu'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['el_string'])) el_string = package_array['el_string'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'])) rpm_spec_vers_cmp = package_array['rpm_spec_vers_cmp'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['epoch'])) epoch = package_array['epoch'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['allowmaj'])) allowmaj = package_array['allowmaj'];
  if (!empty_or_null(package_array['exists_check'])) exists_check = package_array['exists_check'];
  if (reference && _release && (!exists_check || rpm_exists(release:_release, rpm:exists_check))) {
    if (rpm_check(release:_release, sp:sp, cpu:_cpu, reference:reference, epoch:epoch, el_string:el_string, rpm_spec_vers_cmp:rpm_spec_vers_cmp, allowmaj:allowmaj)) flag++;
  }
}

if (flag)
{
  security_report_v4(
      port       : 0,
      severity   : SECURITY_WARNING,
      extra      : rpm_report_get()
  );
  exit(0);
}
else
{
  var tested = pkg_tests_get();
  if (tested) audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_AFFECTED, tested);
  else audit(AUDIT_PACKAGE_NOT_INSTALLED, "tomcat / tomcat-admin-webapps / tomcat-docs-webapp / etc");
}
VendorProductVersionCPE
amazonlinuxtomcatp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat
amazonlinuxtomcat-admin-webappsp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-admin-webapps
amazonlinuxtomcat-docs-webappp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-docs-webapp
amazonlinuxtomcat-el-2.2-apip-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-el-2.2-api
amazonlinuxtomcat-javadocp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-javadoc
amazonlinuxtomcat-jsp-2.2-apip-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-jsp-2.2-api
amazonlinuxtomcat-jsvcp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-jsvc
amazonlinuxtomcat-libp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-lib
amazonlinuxtomcat-servlet-3.0-apip-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-servlet-3.0-api
amazonlinuxtomcat-webappsp-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:tomcat-webapps
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